This section describes how start the server on Unix and Unix-like systems. (For Windows, see Section 220.127.116.11, “Starting the Server for the First Time”.) For some suggested commands that you can use to test whether the server is accessible and working properly, see Section 2.10.3, “Testing the Server”.
Start the MySQL server like this:
shell> bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
It is important that the MySQL server be run using an unprivileged
root) login account. To ensure this if you
run mysqld_safe as
--user option as
shown. Otherwise, execute the program while logged in as
mysql, in which case you can omit the
--user option from the
For further instructions for running MySQL as an unprivileged user, see Section 6.1.5, “How to Run MySQL as a Normal User”.
If the command fails immediately and prints
ended, look for information in the error log (which by
default is the
in the data directory).
If the server is unable to access the data directory it starts or
read the grant tables in the
mysql database, it
writes a message to its error log. Such problems can occur if you
neglected to create the grant tables by initializing the data
directory before proceeding to this step, or if you ran the
command that initializes the data directory without the
--user option. Remove the
data directory and run the command with the
If you have other problems starting the server, see Section 18.104.22.168, “Troubleshooting Problems Starting the MySQL Server”. For more information about mysqld_safe, see Section 4.3.2, “mysqld_safe — MySQL Server Startup Script”.