Documentation Home
MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 31.5Mb
PDF (A4) - 31.6Mb
PDF (RPM) - 30.6Mb
HTML Download (TGZ) - 7.6Mb
HTML Download (Zip) - 7.7Mb
HTML Download (RPM) - 6.6Mb
Man Pages (TGZ) - 187.5Kb
Man Pages (Zip) - 302.1Kb
Info (Gzip) - 2.9Mb
Info (Zip) - 2.9Mb
Excerpts from this Manual

2.1.3.2 Signature Checking Using GnuPG

Another method of verifying the integrity and authenticity of a package is to use cryptographic signatures. This is more reliable than using MD5 checksums, but requires more work.

We sign MySQL downloadable packages with GnuPG (GNU Privacy Guard). GnuPG is an Open Source alternative to the well-known Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) by Phil Zimmermann. Most Linux distributions ship with GnuPG installed by default. Otherwise, see http://www.gnupg.org/ for more information about GnuPG and how to obtain and install it.

To verify the signature for a specific package, you first need to obtain a copy of our public GPG build key, which you can download from http://pgp.mit.edu/. The key that you want to obtain is named mysql-build@oss.oracle.com. Alternatively, you can copy and paste the key directly from the following text:

-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
Version: GnuPG v1.4.5 (GNU/Linux)
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=HfUN
-----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----

To import the build key into your personal public GPG keyring, use gpg --import. For example, if you have saved the key in a file named mysql_pubkey.asc, the import command looks like this:

shell> gpg --import mysql_pubkey.asc
gpg: key 5072E1F5: public key "MySQL Release Engineering
<mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>" imported
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg:               imported: 1
gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found

You can also download the key from the public keyserver using the public key id, 5072E1F5:

shell> gpg --recv-keys 5072E1F5
gpg: requesting key 5072E1F5 from hkp server keys.gnupg.net
gpg: key 5072E1F5: "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
1 new user ID
gpg: key 5072E1F5: "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
53 new signatures
gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg:           new user IDs: 1
gpg:         new signatures: 53

If you want to import the key into your RPM configuration to validate RPM install packages, you should be able to import the key directly:

shell> rpm --import mysql_pubkey.asc

If you experience problems or require RPM specific information, see Section 2.1.3.4, “Signature Checking Using RPM”.

After you have downloaded and imported the public build key, download your desired MySQL package and the corresponding signature, which also is available from the download page. The signature file has the same name as the distribution file with an .asc extension, as shown by the examples in the following table.

Table 2.1 MySQL Package and Signature Files for Source files

File TypeFile Name
Distribution filemysql-standard-5.6.38-linux-i686.tar.gz
Signature filemysql-standard-5.6.38-linux-i686.tar.gz.asc

Make sure that both files are stored in the same directory and then run the following command to verify the signature for the distribution file:

shell> gpg --verify package_name.asc

If the downloaded package is valid, you will see a "Good signature" similar to:

shell> gpg --verify mysql-standard-5.6.38-linux-i686.tar.gz.asc
gpg: Signature made Tue 01 Feb 2011 02:38:30 AM CST using DSA key ID 5072E1F5
gpg: Good signature from "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"

The Good signature message indicates that the file signature is valid, when compared to the signature listed on our site. But you might also see warnings, like so:

shell> gpg --verify mysql-standard-5.6.38-linux-i686.tar.gz.asc
gpg: Signature made Wed 23 Jan 2013 02:25:45 AM PST using DSA key ID 5072E1F5
gpg: checking the trustdb
gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found
gpg: Good signature from "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
gpg:          There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
Primary key fingerprint: A4A9 4068 76FC BD3C 4567  70C8 8C71 8D3B 5072 E1F5

That is normal, as they depend on your setup and configuration. Here are explanations for these warnings:

  • gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found: This means that the specific key is not "ultimately trusted" by you or your web of trust, which is okay for the purposes of verifying file signatures.

  • This key is not certified with a trusted signature! There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.: This refers to your level of trust in your belief that you possess our real public key. This is a personal decision. Ideally, a MySQL developer would hand you the key in person, but more commonly, you downloaded it. Was the download tampered with? Probably not, but this decision is up to you. Setting up a web of trust is one method for trusting them.

See the GPG documentation for more information on how to work with public keys.


User Comments
  Posted by Carl-Christian Salvesen on April 11, 2011
Beware that RHEL5.5 will not import the key above if you copy-paste it directly, there is an extra linebreak right before "-----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----" you need to remove manually.
Sign Up Login You must be logged in to post a comment.