Documentation Home
MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 31.4Mb
PDF (A4) - 31.4Mb
PDF (RPM) - 29.8Mb
HTML Download (TGZ) - 7.5Mb
HTML Download (Zip) - 7.5Mb
HTML Download (RPM) - 6.4Mb
Man Pages (TGZ) - 177.1Kb
Man Pages (Zip) - 287.5Kb
Info (Gzip) - 3.0Mb
Info (Zip) - 3.0Mb
Excerpts from this Manual

MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Files Created by CREATE TABLE

13.1.17.2 Files Created by CREATE TABLE

MySQL represents each table by an .frm table format (definition) file in the database directory. The storage engine for the table might create other files as well.

For InnoDB tables, the file storage is controlled by the innodb_file_per_table configuration option. For each InnoDB table created when this option is turned on, the table data and all associated indexes are stored in a .ibd file located inside the database directory. When this option is turned off, all InnoDB tables and indexes are stored in the system tablespace, represented by one or more ibdata* files.

For MyISAM tables, the storage engine creates data and index files. Thus, for each MyISAM table tbl_name, there are three disk files.

File Purpose
tbl_name.frm Table format (definition) file
tbl_name.MYD Data file
tbl_name.MYI Index file

Chapter 15, Alternative Storage Engines, describes what files each storage engine creates to represent tables. If a table name contains special characters, the names for the table files contain encoded versions of those characters as described in Section 9.2.3, “Mapping of Identifiers to File Names”.


User Comments
User comments in this section are, as the name implies, provided by MySQL users. The MySQL documentation team is not responsible for, nor do they endorse, any of the information provided here.
Sign Up Login You must be logged in to post a comment.