MySQL Shell 8.0  /  MySQL Shell Code Execution  /  Batch Code Execution

3.3 Batch Code Execution

As well as interactive code execution, MySQL Shell provides batch code execution from:

  • A file loaded for processing.

  • A file containing code that is redirected to the standard input for execution.

  • Code from a different source that is redirected to the standard input for execution.

The input is processed based on the current programming language selected in MySQL Shell, which defaults to JavaScript. You can change the default programming language using the defaultMode MySQL Shell configuration option. Files with the extensions .js, .py, and .sql are always processed in the appropriate language mode, regardless of the default programming language.

This example shows how to load JavaScript code from a file for batch processing:

shell> mysqlsh --file code.js

Here, a JavaScript file is redirected to standard input for execution:

shell> mysqlsh < code.js

This example shows how to redirect SQL code to standard input for execution:

shell> echo "show databases;" | mysqlsh --sql --uri root@198.51.100.141:33060

Executable Scripts

Starting with version 1.0.4, on Linux you can create executable scripts that run with MySQL Shell by including a #! line as the first line of the script. This line should provide the full path to MySQL Shell and include the --file option. For example:

#!/usr/local/mysql-shell/bin/mysqlsh --file
print("Hello World\n");

The script file must be marked as executable in the filesystem. Running the script invokes MySQL Shell and it executes the contents of the script.