MySQL Performance Schema  /  Using the Performance Schema to Diagnose Problems  /  Obtaining Parent Event Information

14.2 Obtaining Parent Event Information

The data_locks table shows data locks held and requested. Rows of this table have a THREAD_ID column indicating the thread ID of the session that owns the lock, and an EVENT_ID column indicating the Performance Schema event that caused the lock. Tuples of (THREAD_ID, EVENT_ID) values implicitly identify a parent event in other Performance Schema tables:

  • The parent wait event in the events_waits_xxx tables

  • The parent stage event in the events_stages_xxx tables

  • The parent statement event in the events_statements_xxx tables

  • The parent transaction event in the events_transactions_current table

To obtain details about the parent event, join the THREAD_ID and EVENT_ID columns with the columns of like name in the appropriate parent event table. The relation is based on a nested set data model, so the join has several clauses. Given parent and child tables represented by parent and child, respectively, the join looks like this:

  parent.THREAD_ID = child.THREAD_ID        /* 1 */
  AND parent.EVENT_ID < child.EVENT_ID      /* 2 */
  AND (
    child.EVENT_ID <= parent.END_EVENT_ID   /* 3a */
    OR parent.END_EVENT_ID IS NULL          /* 3b */

The conditions for the join are:

  1. The parent and child events are in the same thread.

  2. The child event begins after the parent event, so its EVENT_ID value is greater than that of the parent.

  3. The parent event has either completed or is still running.

To find lock information, data_locks is the table containing child events.

The data_locks table shows only existing locks, so these considerations apply regarding which table contains the parent event:

Wait, stage, and statement events disappear quickly from the history. If a statement that executed a long time ago took a lock but is in a still-open transaction, it might not be possible to find the statement, but it is possible to find the transaction.

This is why the nested set data model works better for locating parent events. Following links in a parent/child relationship (data lock -> parent wait -> parent stage -> parent transaction) does not work well when intermediate nodes are already gone from the history tables.

The following scenario illustrates how to find the parent transaction of a statement in which a lock was taken:

Session A:

[2] SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE pk = 1;
[3] SELECT 'Hello, world';

Session B:

FROM performance_schema.events_transactions_current AS parent
  INNER JOIN performance_schema.data_locks AS child
  parent.THREAD_ID = child.THREAD_ID
  AND parent.EVENT_ID < child.EVENT_ID
  AND (
    child.EVENT_ID <= parent.END_EVENT_ID

The query for session B should show statement [2] as owning a data lock on the record with pk=1.

If session A executes more statements, [2] fades out of the history table.

The query should show the transaction that started in [1], regardless of how many statements, stages, or waits were executed.

To see more data, you can also use the events_xxx_history_long tables, except for transactions, assuming no other query runs in the server (so that history is preserved).