This section describes issues that you may encounter when using
InnoDB memcached plugin.
If you encounter the following error in the MySQL error log, the server might fail to start:
failed to set rlimit for open files. Try running as root or requesting smaller maxconns value.
The error message is from the memcached daemon. One solution is to raise the OS limit for the number of open files. The commands for checking and increasing the open file limit varies by operating system. This example shows commands for Linux and OS X:
# Linux shell>
ulimit -n1024 shell>
ulimit -n 4096shell>
ulimit -n4096 # OS X shell>
ulimit -n256 shell>
ulimit -n 4096shell>
The other solution is to reduce the number of concurrent connections permitted for the memcached daemon. To do so, encode the
-cmemcached option in the
daemon_memcached_optionconfiguration parameter in the MySQL configuration file. The
-coption has a default value of 1024.
[mysqld] ... loose-daemon_memcached_option='-c 64'
To troubleshoot problems where the memcached daemon is unable to store or retrieve
InnoDBtable data, encode the
-vvvmemcached option in the
daemon_memcached_optionconfiguration parameter in the MySQL configuration file. Examine the MySQL error log for debug output related to memcached operations.
[mysqld] ... loose-daemon_memcached_option='-vvv'
If columns specified to hold memcached values are the wrong data type, such as a numeric type instead of a string type, attempts to store key/value pairs will fail with no specific error code or message.
daemon_memcachedplugin causes MySQL server startup issues, you can temporarily disable the
daemon_memcachedplugin while troubleshooting by adding this line under the
[mysqld]group in the MySQL configuration file:
For example, if you run the
INSTALL PLUGINstatement before running the
innodb_memcached_config.sqlconfiguration script to set up the necessary database and tables, the server might crash and fail to start. The server could also fail to start if you incorrectly configure an entry in the
To uninstall the memcached plugin for a MySQL instance, issue the following statement:
UNINSTALL PLUGIN daemon_memcached;
If you run more than one instance of MySQL on the same machine with the
daemon_memcachedplugin enabled in each instance, use the
daemon_memcached_optionconfiguration parameter to specify a unique memcached port for each
If an SQL statement cannot find the
InnoDBtable or finds no data in the table, but memcached API calls retrieve the expected data, you may be missing an entry for the
InnoDBtable in the
innodb_memcache.containerstable, or you may have not switched to the correct
InnoDBtable by issuing a
@@notation. This problem could also occur if you change an existing entry in the
innodb_memcache.containerstable without restarting the MySQL server afterward. The free-form storage mechanism is flexible enough that your requests to store or retrieve a multi-column value such as
col1|col2|col3may still work, even if the daemon is using the
test.demo_testtable which stores values in a single column.
When defining your own
InnoDBtable for use with the
daemon_memcachedplugin, and columns in the table are defined as
NOT NULL, ensure that values are supplied for the
NOT NULLcolumns when inserting a record for the table into the
innodb_memcache.containerstable. If the
INSERTstatement for the
innodb_memcache.containersrecord contains fewer delimited values than there are mapped columns, unfilled columns are set to
NULL. Attempting to insert a
NULLvalue into a
NOT NULLcolumn causes the
INSERTto fail, which may only become evident after you reinitialize the
daemon_memcachedplugin to apply changes to the
expire_time_columnfields of the
innodb_memcached.containerstable are set to
NULL, the following error will be returned when attempting to load the memcached plugin:
InnoDB_Memcached: column 6 in the entry for config table 'containers' in database 'innodb_memcache' has an invalid NULL value.
The memcached plugin rejects usage of
expire_time_columncolumns. Set the value of these columns to
0when the columns are unused.
As the length of the memcached key and values increase, you might encounter size and length limits.
When the key exceeds 250 bytes, memcached operations return an error. This is currently a fixed limit within memcached.
InnoDBtable limits may be encountered if values exceed 768 bytes in size, 3072 bytes in size, or half of the
innodb_page_sizevalue. These limits primarily apply if you intend to create an index on a value column to run report-generating queries on that column using SQL. See Section 14.8.8, “Limits on InnoDB Tables” for details.
The maximum size for the key-value combination is 1 MB.
If you share configuration files across MySQL servers of different versions, using the latest configuration options for the
daemon_memcachedplugin could cause startup errors on older MySQL versions. To avoid compatibility problems, use the
looseprefix with option names. For example, use
loose-daemon_memcached_option='-c 64'instead of
There is no restriction or check in place to validate character set settings. memcached stores and retrieves keys and values in bytes and is therefore not character set sensitive. However, you must ensure that the memcached client and the MySQL table use the same character set.