As a general rule, to upgrade from one release series to another, go to the next series rather than skipping a series. To upgrade from a release series previous to MySQL 5.5, upgrade to each successive release series in turn until you have reached MySQL 5.5, and then proceed with the upgrade to MySQL 5.6. For example, if you currently are running MySQL 5.1 and wish to upgrade to a newer series, upgrade to MySQL 5.5 first before upgrading to 5.6, and so forth. For information on upgrading to MySQL 5.5, see the MySQL 5.5 Reference Manual.
To upgrade to MySQL 5.6, use the items in the following checklist as a guide:
Before any upgrade, back up your databases, including the
mysql database that contains the grant
tables. See Section 7.2, “Database Backup Methods”.
Read all the notes in Section 220.127.116.11, “Upgrading from MySQL 5.5 to 5.6”. These notes enable you to identify upgrade issues that apply to your current MySQL installation. Some incompatibilities discussed in that section require your attention before upgrading. Others require some action after upgrading.
Read the Release Notes as well, which provide information about features that are new in MySQL 5.6 or differ from those found in earlier MySQL releases.
After upgrading to a new version of MySQL, run mysql_upgrade (see Section 4.4.7, “mysql_upgrade — Check and Upgrade MySQL Tables”). This program checks your tables, and attempts to repair them if necessary. It also updates your grant tables to make sure that they have the current structure so that you can take advantage of any new capabilities. (Some releases of MySQL introduce changes to the structure of the grant tables to add new privileges or features.)
mysql_upgrade should not be used when the
server is running with
--gtid-mode=ON, since it may
make changes in nontransactional system tables in the
mysql database, many of which are
MyISAM and cannot be changed to
use a different storage engine. See
GTID mode and mysql_upgrade.
If you run MySQL Server on Windows, see Section 2.3.7, “Upgrading MySQL on Windows”.
If you use replication, see Section 17.4.3, “Upgrading a Replication Setup”, for information on upgrading your replication setup.
If you use
InnoDB, consider setting
innodb_fast_shutdown to 0
before shutting down and upgrading your server. When you set
innodb_fast_shutdown to 0,
InnoDB does a slow shutdown, a full purge
and an insert buffer merge before shutting down, which ensures
that all data files are fully prepared in case the upgrade
process modifies the file format.
If you upgrade an installation originally produced by installing multiple RPM packages, it is best to upgrade all the packages, not just some. For example, if you previously installed the server and client RPMs, do not upgrade just the server RPM.
If you have created a user-defined function (UDF) with a given
name and upgrade MySQL to a version that implements a new
built-in function with the same name, the UDF becomes
inaccessible. To correct this, use
FUNCTION to drop the UDF, and then use
CREATE FUNCTION to re-create
the UDF with a different nonconflicting name. The same is true
if the new version of MySQL implements a built-in function
with the same name as an existing stored function. See
Section 9.2.4, “Function Name Parsing and Resolution”, for the rules
describing how the server interprets references to different
kinds of functions.
For EL5, EL6, or EL7-based Linux platforms and Fedora 19 or 20, you can perform an in-place upgrade of MySQL and its components with the MySQL Yum repository. See Section 18.104.22.168, “Upgrading MySQL with the MySQL Yum Repository”.
On Debian 7, Ubuntu 12, and Ubuntu 14, you can perform an in-place upgrade of MySQL and its components with the MySQL APT repository. See Section 22.214.171.124, “Upgrading MySQL with the MySQL APT Repository”.
For upgrades between versions of a MySQL release series that has reached General Availability status, you can move the MySQL format files and data files between different versions on systems with the same architecture. For upgrades to a version of a MySQL release series that is in development status, that is not necessarily true. Use of development releases is at your own risk.
If you are cautious about using new versions, you can always rename your old mysqld before installing a newer one. For example, if you are using a version of MySQL 5.5 and want to upgrade to 5.6, rename your current server from mysqld to mysqld-5.5. If your new mysqld then does something unexpected, you can simply shut it down and restart with your old mysqld.
If problems occur, such as that the new mysqld
server does not start or that you cannot connect without a
password, verify that you do not have an old
my.cnf file from your previous installation.
You can check this with the
--print-defaults option (for
example, mysqld --print-defaults). If this
command displays anything other than the program name, you have an
my.cnf file that affects server or
If, after an upgrade, you experience problems with compiled client
programs, such as
Commands out of sync or
unexpected core dumps, you probably have used old header or
library files when compiling your programs. In this case, check
the date for your
mysql.h file and
libmysqlclient.a library to verify that they
are from the new MySQL distribution. If not, recompile your
programs with the new headers and libraries. Recompilation might
also be necessary for programs compiled against the shared client
library if the library major version number has changed (for
If your MySQL installation contains a large amount of data that
might take a long time to convert after an in-place upgrade, you
might find it useful to create a “dummy” database
instance for assessing what conversions might be needed and the
work involved to perform them. Make a copy of your MySQL instance
that contains a full copy of the
database, plus all other databases without data. Run your upgrade
procedure on this dummy instance to see what actions might be
needed so that you can better evaluate the work involved when
performing actual data conversion on your original database
It is a good idea to rebuild and reinstall the Perl
DBD::mysql module whenever you install a new
release of MySQL. The same applies to other MySQL interfaces as
well, such as PHP
mysql extensions and the