The clone plugin supports replication. In addition to cloning data, a cloning operation extracts replication coordinates from the donor and transfers them to the recipient, which enables using the clone plugin for provisioning Group Replication members and replicas. Using the clone plugin for provisioning is considerably faster and more efficient than replicating a large number of transactions.
Group Replication members can also be configured to use the clone plugin as an option for distributed recovery, in which case joining members automatically choose the most efficient way to retrieve group data from existing group members. For more information, see Section 18.104.22.168, “Cloning for Distributed Recovery”.
During the cloning operation, both the binary log position
(filename, offset) and the
gtid_executed GTID set are
extracted and transferred from the donor MySQL server instance
to the recipient. This data permits initiating replication at a
consistent position in the replication stream. The binary logs
and relay logs, which are held in files, are not copied from the
donor to the recipient. To initiate replication, the binary logs
required for the recipient to catch up to the donor must not be
purged between the time that the data is cloned and the time
that replication is started. If the required binary logs are not
available, a replication handshake error is reported. A cloned
instance should therefore be added to a replication group
without excessive delay to avoid required binary logs being
purged or the new member lagging behind significantly, requiring
more recovery time.
Issue this query on a cloned MySQL server instance to check the binary log position that was transferred to the recipient:
mysql> SELECT BINLOG_FILE, BINLOG_POSITION FROM performance_schema.clone_status;
Issue this query on a cloned MySQL server instance to check the
gtid_executedGTID set that was transferred to the recipient:
mysql> SELECT @@GLOBAL.GTID_EXECUTED;
By default, the replication metadata repositories are held in
tables that are copied from the donor to the recipient during
the cloning operation. The replication metadata repositories
hold replication-related configuration settings that can be used
to resume replication correctly after the cloning operation. The
mysql.slave_worker_info are all copied.
For a list of what is included in each table, see
Section 22.214.171.124, “Replication Metadata Repositories”. Note that if the settings
are used on the server (deprecated), the replication metadata
repositories are not cloned; they are only cloned if
TABLE is set.
To clone for replication, perform the following steps:
For a new group member for Group Replication, first configure the MySQL Server instance for Group Replication, following the instructions in Section 126.96.36.199, “Adding Instances to the Group”. Also set up the prerequisites for cloning described in Section 188.8.131.52, “Cloning for Distributed Recovery”. When you issue
START GROUP_REPLICATIONon the joining member, the cloning operation is managed automatically by Group Replication, so you do not need to carry out the operation manually, and you do not need to perform any further setup steps on the joining member.
For a replica in a source/replica MySQL replication topology, first clone the data from the donor MySQL server instance to the recipient manually. The donor must be a source or replica in the replication topology. For cloning instructions, see Section 184.108.40.206, “Cloning Remote Data”.
After the cloning operation completes successfully, if you want to use the same replication channels on the recipient MySQL server instance that were present on the donor, verify which of them can resume replication automatically in the source/replica MySQL replication topology, and which need to be set up manually.
For GTID-based replication, if the recipient is configured with
gtid_mode=ONand has cloned from a donor with
gtid_executedGTID set from the donor is applied on the recipient. If the recipient is cloned from a replica already in the topology, replication channels on the recipient that use GTID auto-positioning can resume replication automatically after the cloning operation when the channel is started. You do not need to perform any manual setup if you just want to use these same channels.
For binary log file position based replication, the binary log position from the donor is applied on the recipient. Replication channels on the recipient that use binary log file position based replication automatically attempt to carry out the relay log recovery process, using the cloned relay log information, before restarting replication. For a single-threaded replica (
replica_parallel_workersis set to 0), relay log recovery should succeed in the absence of any other issues, enabling the channel to resume replication with no further setup. For a multithreaded replica (
replica_parallel_workersis greater than 0), relay log recovery is likely to fail because it cannot usually be completed automatically. In this case, an error message is issued, and you must set the channel up manually.
If you need to set up cloned replication channels manually, or want to use different replication channels on the recipient, the following instructions provide a summary and abbreviated examples for adding a recipient MySQL server instance to a replication topology. Also refer to the detailed instructions that apply to your replication setup.
To add a recipient MySQL server instance to a MySQL replication topology that uses GTID-based transactions as the replication data source, configure the instance as required, following the instructions in Section 220.127.116.11, “Setting Up Replication Using GTIDs”. Add replication channels for the instance as shown in the following abbreviated example. The
CHANGE REPLICATION SOURCE TOstatement must define the host address and port number of the source, and the
SOURCE_AUTO_POSITIONoption should be enabled, as shown:
CHANGE SOURCE TO SOURCE_HOST = 'source_host_name', SOURCE_PORT = source_port_num, ... SOURCE_AUTO_POSITION = 1, FOR CHANNEL 'setup_channel'; START REPLICA USER = 'user_name' PASSWORD = 'password' FOR CHANNEL 'setup_channel';
To add a recipient MySQL server instance to a MySQL replication topology that uses binary log file position based replication, configure the instance as required, following the instructions in Section 17.1.2, “Setting Up Binary Log File Position Based Replication”. Add replication channels for the instance as shown in the following abbreviated example, using the binary log position that was transferred to the recipient during the cloning operation:
SELECT BINLOG_FILE, BINLOG_POSITION FROM performance_schema.clone_status; CHANGE SOURCE TO SOURCE_HOST = 'source_host_name', SOURCE_PORT = source_port_num, ... SOURCE_LOG_FILE = 'source_log_name', SOURCE_LOG_POS = source_log_pos, FOR CHANNEL 'setup_channel'; START REPLICA USER = 'user_name' PASSWORD = 'password' FOR CHANNEL 'setup_channel';