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4.5.7 mysqlslap — Load Emulation Client

mysqlslap is a diagnostic program designed to emulate client load for a MySQL server and to report the timing of each stage. It works as if multiple clients are accessing the server.

Invoke mysqlslap like this:

shell> mysqlslap [options]

Some options such as --create or --query enable you to specify a string containing an SQL statement or a file containing statements. If you specify a file, by default it must contain one statement per line. (That is, the implicit statement delimiter is the newline character.) Use the --delimiter option to specify a different delimiter, which enables you to specify statements that span multiple lines or place multiple statements on a single line. You cannot include comments in a file; mysqlslap does not understand them.

mysqlslap runs in three stages:

  1. Create schema, table, and optionally any stored programs or data to use for the test. This stage uses a single client connection.

  2. Run the load test. This stage can use many client connections.

  3. Clean up (disconnect, drop table if specified). This stage uses a single client connection.

Examples:

Supply your own create and query SQL statements, with 50 clients querying and 200 selects for each (enter the command on a single line):

mysqlslap --delimiter=";"
  --create="CREATE TABLE a (b int);INSERT INTO a VALUES (23)"
  --query="SELECT * FROM a" --concurrency=50 --iterations=200

Let mysqlslap build the query SQL statement with a table of two INT columns and three VARCHAR columns. Use five clients querying 20 times each. Do not create the table or insert the data (that is, use the previous test's schema and data):

mysqlslap --concurrency=5 --iterations=20
  --number-int-cols=2 --number-char-cols=3
  --auto-generate-sql

Tell the program to load the create, insert, and query SQL statements from the specified files, where the create.sql file has multiple table creation statements delimited by ';' and multiple insert statements delimited by ';'. The --query file will have multiple queries delimited by ';'. Run all the load statements, then run all the queries in the query file with five clients (five times each):

mysqlslap --concurrency=5
  --iterations=5 --query=query.sql --create=create.sql
  --delimiter=";"

mysqlslap supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line or in the [mysqlslap] and [client] groups of an option file. For information about option files used by MySQL programs, see Section 4.2.6, “Using Option Files”.

Table 4.12 mysqlslap Options

FormatDescriptionIntroduced
--auto-generate-sqlGenerate SQL statements automatically when they are not supplied in files or using command options 
--auto-generate-sql-add-autoincrementAdd AUTO_INCREMENT column to automatically generated tables 
--auto-generate-sql-execute-numberSpecify how many queries to generate automatically 
--auto-generate-sql-guid-primaryAdd a GUID-based primary key to automatically generated tables 
--auto-generate-sql-load-typeSpecify how many queries to generate automatically 
--auto-generate-sql-secondary-indexesSpecify how many secondary indexes to add to automatically generated tables 
--auto-generate-sql-unique-query-numberHow many different queries to generate for automatic tests. 
--auto-generate-sql-unique-write-numberHow many different queries to generate for --auto-generate-sql-write-number 
--auto-generate-sql-write-numberHow many row inserts to perform on each thread 
--commitHow many statements to execute before committing. 
--compressCompress all information sent between client and server 
--concurrencyNumber of clients to simulate when issuing the SELECT statement 
--createFile or string containing the statement to use for creating the table 
--create-schemaSchema in which to run the tests 
--csvGenerate output in comma-separated values format 
--debugWrite debugging log 
--debug-checkPrint debugging information when program exits 
--debug-infoPrint debugging information, memory, and CPU statistics when program exits 
--default-authAuthentication plugin to use5.5.10
--defaults-extra-fileRead named option file in addition to usual option files 
--defaults-fileRead only named option file 
--defaults-group-suffixOption group suffix value 
--delimiterDelimiter to use in SQL statements 
--detachDetach (close and reopen) each connection after each N statements 
--enable-cleartext-pluginEnable cleartext authentication plugin5.5.27
--engineStorage engine to use for creating the table 
--helpDisplay help message and exit 
--hostConnect to MySQL server on given host 
--iterationsNumber of times to run the tests 
--no-defaultsRead no option files 
--no-dropDo not drop any schema created during the test run5.5.12
--number-char-colsNumber of VARCHAR columns to use if --auto-generate-sql is specified 
--number-int-colsNumber of INT columns to use if --auto-generate-sql is specified 
--number-of-queriesLimit each client to approximately this number of queries 
--only-printDo not connect to databases. mysqlslap only prints what it would have done 
--passwordPassword to use when connecting to server 
--pipeOn Windows, connect to server using named pipe 
--plugin-dirDirectory where plugins are installed5.5.10
--portTCP/IP port number to use for connection 
--post-queryFile or string containing the statement to execute after the tests have completed 
--post-systemString to execute using system() after the tests have completed 
--pre-queryFile or string containing the statement to execute before running the tests 
--pre-systemString to execute using system() before running the tests 
--print-defaultsPrint default options 
--protocolConnection protocol to use 
--queryFile or string containing the SELECT statement to use for retrieving data 
--shared-memory-base-nameThe name of shared memory to use for shared-memory connections 
--silentSilent mode 
--socketFor connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use 
--sslEnable secure connection 
--ssl-caPath of file that contains list of trusted SSL CAs 
--ssl-capathPath of directory that contains trusted SSL CA certificates in PEM format 
--ssl-certPath of file that contains X509 certificate in PEM format 
--ssl-cipherList of permitted ciphers to use for connection encryption 
--ssl-keyPath of file that contains X509 key in PEM format 
--ssl-modeSecurity state of connection to server5.5.49
--ssl-verify-server-certVerify server certificate Common Name value against host name used when connecting to server 
--userMySQL user name to use when connecting to server 
--verboseVerbose mode 
--versionDisplay version information and exit 

  • --help, -?

    Display a help message and exit.

  • --auto-generate-sql, -a

    Generate SQL statements automatically when they are not supplied in files or using command options.

  • --auto-generate-sql-add-autoincrement

    Add an AUTO_INCREMENT column to automatically generated tables.

  • --auto-generate-sql-execute-number=N

    Specify how many queries to generate automatically.

  • --auto-generate-sql-guid-primary

    Add a GUID-based primary key to automatically generated tables.

  • --auto-generate-sql-load-type=type

    Specify the test load type. The permissible values are read (scan tables), write (insert into tables), key (read primary keys), update (update primary keys), or mixed (half inserts, half scanning selects). The default is mixed.

  • --auto-generate-sql-secondary-indexes=N

    Specify how many secondary indexes to add to automatically generated tables. By default, none are added.

  • --auto-generate-sql-unique-query-number=N

    How many different queries to generate for automatic tests. For example, if you run a key test that performs 1000 selects, you can use this option with a value of 1000 to run 1000 unique queries, or with a value of 50 to perform 50 different selects. The default is 10.

  • --auto-generate-sql-unique-write-number=N

    How many different queries to generate for --auto-generate-sql-write-number. The default is 10.

  • --auto-generate-sql-write-number=N

    How many row inserts to perform. The default is 100.

  • --commit=N

    How many statements to execute before committing. The default is 0 (no commits are done).

  • --compress, -C

    Compress all information sent between the client and the server if both support compression.

  • --concurrency=N, -c N

    The number of parallel clients to simulate.

  • --create=value

    The file or string containing the statement to use for creating the table.

  • --create-schema=value

    The schema in which to run the tests.

    Note

    If the --auto-generate-sql option is also given, mysqlslap drops the schema at the end of the test run. To avoid this, use the --no-drop option as well.

  • --csv[=file_name]

    Generate output in comma-separated values format. The output goes to the named file, or to the standard output if no file is given.

  • --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

    Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is d:t:o,file_name. The default is d:t:o,/tmp/mysqlslap.trace.

  • --debug-check

    Print some debugging information when the program exits.

  • --debug-info, -T

    Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics when the program exits.

  • --default-auth=plugin

    A hint about the client-side authentication plugin to use. See Section 6.3.6, “Pluggable Authentication”.

    This option was added in MySQL 5.5.10.

  • --defaults-extra-file=file_name

    Read this option file after the global option file but (on Unix) before the user option file. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs. Before MySQL 5.5.8, file_name must be the full path name to the file. As of MySQL 5.5.8, the name is interpreted relative to the current directory if given as a relative path name.

  • --defaults-file=file_name

    Use only the given option file. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs. Before MySQL 5.5.8, file_name must be the full path name to the file. As of MySQL 5.5.8, the name is interpreted relative to the current directory if given as a relative path name.

  • --defaults-group-suffix=str

    Read not only the usual option groups, but also groups with the usual names and a suffix of str. For example, mysqlslap normally reads the [client] and [mysqlslap] groups. If the --defaults-group-suffix=_other option is given, mysqlslap also reads the [client_other] and [mysqlslap_other] groups.

  • --delimiter=str, -F str

    The delimiter to use in SQL statements supplied in files or using command options.

  • --detach=N

    Detach (close and reopen) each connection after each N statements. The default is 0 (connections are not detached).

  • --enable-cleartext-plugin

    Enable the mysql_clear_password cleartext authentication plugin. (See Section 6.4.1.5, “The Cleartext Client-Side Authentication Plugin”.) This option was added in MySQL 5.5.27.

  • --engine=engine_name, -e engine_name

    The storage engine to use for creating tables.

  • --host=host_name, -h host_name

    Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.

  • --iterations=N, -i N

    The number of times to run the tests.

  • --no-drop

    Prevent mysqlslap from dropping any schema it creates during the test run. This option was added in MySQL 5.5.12.

  • --no-defaults

    Do not read any option files. If program startup fails due to reading unknown options from an option file, --no-defaults can be used to prevent them from being read.

  • --number-char-cols=N, -x N

    The number of VARCHAR columns to use if --auto-generate-sql is specified.

  • --number-int-cols=N, -y N

    The number of INT columns to use if --auto-generate-sql is specified.

  • --number-of-queries=N

    Limit each client to approximately this many queries. Query counting takes into account the statement delimiter. For example, if you invoke mysqlslap as follows, the ; delimiter is recognized so that each instance of the query string counts as two queries. As a result, 5 rows (not 10) are inserted.

    shell> mysqlslap --delimiter=";" --number-of-queries=10
             --query="use test;insert into t values(null)"
    
  • --only-print

    Do not connect to databases. mysqlslap only prints what it would have done.

  • --password[=password], -p[password]

    The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the password value following the --password or -p option on the command line, mysqlslap prompts for one.

    Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See Section 6.1.2.1, “End-User Guidelines for Password Security”. You can use an option file to avoid giving the password on the command line.

  • --pipe, -W

    On Windows, connect to the server using a named pipe. This option applies only if the server supports named-pipe connections.

  • --plugin-dir=dir_name

    The directory in which to look for plugins. Specify this option if the --default-auth option is used to specify an authentication plugin but mysqlslap does not find it. See Section 6.3.6, “Pluggable Authentication”.

    This option was added in MySQL 5.5.10.

  • --port=port_num, -P port_num

    The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

  • --post-query=value

    The file or string containing the statement to execute after the tests have completed. This execution is not counted for timing purposes.

  • --post-system=str

    The string to execute using system() after the tests have completed. This execution is not counted for timing purposes.

  • --pre-query=value

    The file or string containing the statement to execute before running the tests. This execution is not counted for timing purposes.

  • --pre-system=str

    The string to execute using system() before running the tests. This execution is not counted for timing purposes.

  • --print-defaults

    Print the program name and all options that it gets from option files.

  • --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

    The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a protocol to be used other than the one you want. For details on the permissible values, see Section 4.2.2, “Connecting to the MySQL Server”.

  • --query=value, -q value

    The file or string containing the SELECT statement to use for retrieving data.

  • --shared-memory-base-name=name

    On Windows, the shared-memory name to use, for connections made using shared memory to a local server. This option applies only if the server supports shared-memory connections.

  • --silent, -s

    Silent mode. No output.

  • --socket=path, -S path

    For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.

  • --ssl*

    Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the server using SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and certificates. See Section 6.3.8.5, “Command Options for Secure Connections”.

  • --user=user_name, -u user_name

    The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.

  • --verbose, -v

    Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does. This option can be used multiple times to increase the amount of information.

  • --version, -V

    Display version information and exit.


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