mysqladmin is a client for performing administrative operations. You can use it to check the server's configuration and current status, to create and drop databases, and more.
Invoke mysqladmin like this:
mysqladmin supports the following commands. Some of the commands take an argument following the command name.
Create a new database named
Tell the server to write debug information to the error log. Format and content of this information is subject to change.
Delete the database named
db_nameand all its tables.
Display the server status variables and their values.
Flush all information in the host cache.
Flush all logs.
Reload the grant tables (same as
Clear status variables.
Flush all tables.
Flush the thread cache.
Kill server threads. If multiple thread ID values are given, there must be no spaces in the list.
This is like the
passwordcommand but stores the password using the old (pre-4.1) password-hashing format. (See Section 126.96.36.199, “Password Hashing in MySQL”.)
Set a new password. This changes the password to
new_passwordfor the account that you use with mysqladmin for connecting to the server. Thus, the next time you invoke mysqladmin (or any other client program) using the same account, you will need to specify the new password.
new_passwordvalue contains spaces or other characters that are special to your command interpreter, you need to enclose it within quotation marks. On Windows, be sure to use double quotation marks rather than single quotation marks; single quotation marks are not stripped from the password, but rather are interpreted as part of the password. For example:
mysqladmin password "my new password"Caution
Do not use this command used if the server was started with the
--skip-grant-tablesoption. No password change will be applied. This is true even if you precede the
flush-privilegeson the same command line to re-enable the grant tables because the flush operation occurs after you connect. However, you can use mysqladmin flush-privileges to re-enable the grant table and then use a separate mysqladmin password command to change the password.
Check whether the server is available. The return status from mysqladmin is 0 if the server is running, 1 if it is not. This is 0 even in case of an error such as
Access denied, because this means that the server is running but refused the connection, which is different from the server not running.
Show a list of active server threads. This is like the output of the
SHOW PROCESSLISTstatement. If the
--verboseoption is given, the output is like that of
SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST. (See Section 188.8.131.52, “SHOW PROCESSLIST Syntax”.)
Reload the grant tables.
Flush all tables and close and open log files.
Stop the server.
Start replication on a slave server.
Display a short server status message.
Stop replication on a slave server.
Display the server system variables and their values.
Display version information from the server.
All commands can be shortened to any unique prefix. For example:
mysqladmin proc stat+----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+ | Id | User | Host | db | Command | Time | State | Info | +----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+ | 51 | monty | localhost | | Query | 0 | | show processlist | +----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+ Uptime: 1473624 Threads: 1 Questions: 39487 Slow queries: 0 Opens: 541 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 19 Queries per second avg: 0.0268
The mysqladmin status command result displays the following values:
The number of seconds the MySQL server has been running.
The number of active threads (clients).
The number of questions (queries) from clients since the server was started.
The number of tables the server has opened.
The number of
reloadcommands the server has executed.
The number of tables that currently are open.
If you execute mysqladmin shutdown when connecting to a local server using a Unix socket file, mysqladmin waits until the server's process ID file has been removed, to ensure that the server has stopped properly.
mysqladmin supports the following options,
which can be specified on the command line or in the
groups of an option file. For information about option files
used by MySQL programs, see Section 4.2.6, “Using Option Files”.
|--compress||Compress all information sent between client and server|
|--connect_timeout||Number of seconds before connection timeout|
|--count||Number of iterations to make for repeated command execution|
|--debug||Write debugging log|
|--default-character-set||Specify default character set|
|--defaults-extra-file||Read named option file in addition to usual option files|
|--defaults-file||Read only named option file|
|--defaults-group-suffix||Option group suffix value||5.0.10|
|--force||Continue even if an SQL error occurs|
|--help||Display help message and exit|
|--host||Connect to MySQL server on given host|
|--no-defaults||Read no option files|
|--password||Password to use when connecting to server|
|--pipe||On Windows, connect to server using named pipe|
|--port||TCP/IP port number to use for connection|
|--print-defaults||Print default options|
|--protocol||Connection protocol to use|
|--relative||Show the difference between the current and previous values when used with the --sleep option|
|--shared-memory-base-name||The name of shared memory to use for shared-memory connections|
|--shutdown_timeout||The maximum number of seconds to wait for server shutdown|
|--sleep||Execute commands repeatedly, sleeping for delay seconds in between|
|--socket||For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use|
|--ssl||Enable secure connection|
|--ssl-ca||Path of file that contains list of trusted SSL CAs|
|--ssl-capath||Path of directory that contains trusted SSL CA certificates in PEM format|
|--ssl-cert||Path of file that contains X509 certificate in PEM format|
|--ssl-cipher||List of permitted ciphers to use for connection encryption|
|--ssl-key||Path of file that contains X509 key in PEM format|
|--ssl-verify-server-cert||Verify server certificate Common Name value against host name used when connecting to server||5.0.23|
|--user||MySQL user name to use when connecting to server|
|--version||Display version information and exit|
|--vertical||Print query output rows vertically (one line per column value)|
|--wait||If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of aborting|
Display a help message and exit.
The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 10.5, “Character Set Configuration”.
Compress all information sent between the client and the server if both support compression.
The number of iterations to make for repeated command execution if the
--sleepoption is given.
Write a debugging log. A typical
d:t:o,. The default is
charset_nameas the default character set. See Section 10.5, “Character Set Configuration”.
Read this option file after the global option file but (on Unix) before the user option file. As of MySQL 5.0.6, if the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.
file_nameis the full path name to the file.
Use only the given option file. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.
file_nameis the full path name to the file.
Read not only the usual option groups, but also groups with the usual names and a suffix of
str. For example, mysqladmin normally reads the
[mysqladmin]groups. If the
--defaults-group-suffix=_otheroption is given, mysqladmin also reads the
[mysqladmin_other]groups. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.10.
Do not ask for confirmation for the
dropcommand. With multiple commands, continue even if an error occurs.
Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.
Do not read any option files. If program startup fails due to reading unknown options from an option file,
--no-defaultscan be used to prevent them from being read.
The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form (
-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the
passwordvalue following the
-poption on the command line, mysqladmin prompts for one.
Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See Section 184.108.40.206, “End-User Guidelines for Password Security”. You can use an option file to avoid giving the password on the command line.
On Windows, connect to the server using a named pipe. This option applies only if the server supports named-pipe connections.
The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.
Print the program name and all options that it gets from option files.
The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a protocol to be used other than the one you want. For details on the permissible values, see Section 4.2.2, “Connecting to the MySQL Server”.
Show the difference between the current and previous values when used with the
--sleepoption. This option works only with the
On Windows, the shared-memory name to use, for connections made using shared memory to a local server. The default value is
MYSQL. The shared-memory name is case sensitive.
The server must be started with the
--shared-memoryoption to enable shared-memory connections.
Exit silently if a connection to the server cannot be established.
Execute commands repeatedly, sleeping for
delayseconds in between. The
--countoption determines the number of iterations. If
--countis not given, mysqladmin executes commands indefinitely until interrupted.
For connections to
localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.
Options that begin with
--sslspecify whether to connect to the server using SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and certificates. See Section 220.127.116.11, “Command Options for Secure Connections”.
The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.
Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.
Display version information and exit.
Print output vertically. This is similar to
--relative, but prints output vertically.
If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of aborting. If a
countvalue is given, it indicates the number of times to retry. The default is one time.
You can also set the following variables by using
--set-variable format is deprecated.
It is also possible to set variables by using
--set-variable format is deprecated.