mysql supports the following options, which
can be specified on the command line or in the
groups of an option file. For information about option files
used by MySQL programs, see Section 4.2.6, “Using Option Files”.
|--auto-rehash||Enable automatic rehashing|
|--batch||Do not use history file|
|--character-sets-dir||Directory where character sets are installed|
|--column-names||Write column names in results|
|--comments||Whether to retain or strip comments in statements sent to the server||5.0.52|
|--compress||Compress all information sent between client and server|
|--connect_timeout||Number of seconds before connection timeout|
|--database||The database to use|
|--debug||Write debugging log; supported only if MySQL was built with debugging support|
|--debug-info||Print debugging information, memory, and CPU statistics when program exits|
|--default-character-set||Specify default character set|
|--defaults-extra-file||Read named option file in addition to usual option files|
|--defaults-file||Read only named option file|
|--defaults-group-suffix||Option group suffix value||5.0.10|
|--delimiter||Set the statement delimiter|
|--execute||Execute the statement and quit|
|--force||Continue even if an SQL error occurs|
|--help||Display help message and exit|
|--host||Connect to MySQL server on given host|
|--html||Produce HTML output|
|--ignore-spaces||Ignore spaces after function names|
|--line-numbers||Write line numbers for errors|
|--local-infile||Enable or disable for LOCAL capability for LOAD DATA INFILE|
|--max_allowed_packet||Maximum packet length to send to or receive from server|
|--max_join_size||The automatic limit for rows in a join when using --safe-updates|
|--named-commands||Enable named mysql commands|
|--net_buffer_length||Buffer size for TCP/IP and socket communication|
|--no-auto-rehash||Disable automatic rehashing|
|--no-beep||Do not beep when errors occur|
|--no-defaults||Read no option files|
|--no-named-commands||Disable named mysql commands|
|--no-pager||Deprecated form of --skip-pager|
|--no-tee||Do not copy output to a file|
|--one-database||Ignore statements except those for the default database named on the command line|
|--pager||Use the given command for paging query output|
|--password||Password to use when connecting to server|
|--pipe||On Windows, connect to server using named pipe|
|--port||TCP/IP port number to use for connection|
|--print-defaults||Print default options|
|--prompt||Set the prompt to the specified format|
|--protocol||Connection protocol to use|
|--quick||Do not cache each query result|
|--raw||Write column values without escape conversion|
|--reconnect||If the connection to the server is lost, automatically try to reconnect|
|--i-am-a-dummy, --safe-updates||Allow only UPDATE and DELETE statements that specify key values|
|--secure-auth||Do not send passwords to server in old (pre-4.1) format|
|--select_limit||The automatic limit for SELECT statements when using --safe-updates|
|--shared-memory-base-name||The name of shared memory to use for shared-memory connections|
|--show-warnings||Show warnings after each statement if there are any||5.0.6|
|--sigint-ignore||Ignore SIGINT signals (typically the result of typing Control+C)|
|--skip-auto-rehash||Disable automatic rehashing|
|--skip-column-names||Do not write column names in results|
|--skip-line-numbers||Skip line numbers for errors|
|--skip-named-commands||Disable named mysql commands|
|--socket||For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use|
|--ssl||Enable SSL for connection|
|--ssl-ca||Path of file that contains list of trusted SSL CAs|
|--ssl-capath||Path of directory that contains trusted SSL CA certificates in PEM format|
|--ssl-cert||Path of file that contains X509 certificate in PEM format|
|--ssl-cipher||List of permitted ciphers to use for SSL encryption|
|--ssl-key||Path of file that contains X509 key in PEM format|
|--ssl-verify-server-cert||Verify Common Name value in server certificate against host name used when connecting to server||5.0.23|
|--table||Display output in tabular format|
|--tee||Append a copy of output to named file|
|--unbuffered||Flush the buffer after each query|
|--user||MySQL user name to use when connecting to server|
|--version||Display version information and exit|
|--vertical||Print query output rows vertically (one line per column value)|
|--wait||If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of aborting|
|--xml||Produce XML output|
Display a help message and exit.
Enable automatic rehashing. This option is on by default, which enables database, table, and column name completion. Use
--disable-auto-rehashto disable rehashing. That causes mysql to start faster, but you must issue the
rehashcommand if you want to use name completion.
To complete a name, enter the first part and press Tab. If the name is unambiguous, mysql completes it. Otherwise, you can press Tab again to see the possible names that begin with what you have typed so far. Completion does not occur if there is no default database.
Print results using tab as the column separator, with each row on a new line. With this option, mysql does not use the history file.
Batch mode results in nontabular output format and escaping of special characters. Escaping may be disabled by using raw mode; see the description for the
The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 10.5, “Character Set Configuration”.
Write column names in results.
Whether to preserve comments in statements sent to the server. The default is --skip-comments (discard comments), enable with --comments (preserve comments). This option was added in MySQL 5.0.52.
Compress all information sent between the client and the server if both support compression.
The database to use. This is useful primarily in an option file.
Write a debugging log. A typical
d:t:o,. The default is
This option is available only if MySQL was built using
--with-debug. MySQL release binaries are not built using this option.
Print some debugging information when the program exits.
charset_nameas the default character set for the client and connection.
A common issue that can occur when the operating system uses
utf8or another multibyte character set is that output from the mysql client is formatted incorrectly, due to the fact that the MySQL client uses the
latin1character set by default. You can usually fix such issues by using this option to force the client to use the system character set instead.
See Section 10.5, “Character Set Configuration”, for more information.
Read this option file after the global option file but (on Unix) before the user option file. As of MySQL 5.0.6, if the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.
file_nameis the full path name to the file.
Use only the given option file. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.
file_nameis the full path name to the file.
Read not only the usual option groups, but also groups with the usual names and a suffix of
str. For example, mysql normally reads the
[mysql]groups. If the
--defaults-group-suffix=_otheroption is given, mysql also reads the
[mysql_other]groups. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.10.
Set the statement delimiter. The default is the semicolon character (“
Disable named commands. Use the
\*form only, or use named commands only at the beginning of a line ending with a semicolon (“
;”). mysql starts with this option enabled by default. However, even with this option, long-format commands still work from the first line. See Section 18.104.22.168, “mysql Commands”.
Execute the statement and quit. The default output format is like that produced with
--batch. See Section 4.2.4, “Using Options on the Command Line”, for some examples. With this option, mysql does not use the history file.
Continue even if an SQL error occurs.
Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.
Produce HTML output.
Write line numbers for errors. Disable this with
Enable or disable
LOAD DATA INFILE. With no value, the option enables
LOCAL. The option may be given as
--local-infile=1to explicitly disable or enable
LOCALhas no effect if the server does not also support it.
Enable named mysql commands. Long-format commands are permitted, not just short-format commands. For example,
\qboth are recognized. Use
--skip-named-commandsto disable named commands. See Section 22.214.171.124, “mysql Commands”.
This has the same effect as
--skip-auto-rehash. See the description for
Do not beep when errors occur.
Do not read any option files. If program startup fails due to reading unknown options from an option file,
--no-defaultscan be used to prevent them from being read.
Ignore statements except those that occur while the default database is the one named on the command line. This option is rudimentary and should be used with care. Statement filtering is based only on
Initially, mysql executes statements in the input because specifying a database
db_nameon the command line is equivalent to inserting
USEat the beginning of the input. Then, for each
USEstatement encountered, mysql accepts or rejects following statements depending on whether the database named is the one on the command line. The content of the statements is immaterial.
Suppose that mysql is invoked to process this set of statements:
DELETE FROM db2.t2; USE db2; DROP TABLE db1.t1; CREATE TABLE db1.t1 (i INT); USE db1; INSERT INTO t1 (i) VALUES(1); CREATE TABLE db2.t1 (j INT);
DELETEstatement is executed because the default database is
db1, even though the statement names a table in a different database.
Use the given command for paging query output. If the command is omitted, the default pager is the value of your
PAGERenvironment variable. Valid pagers are less, more, cat [> filename], and so forth. This option works only on Unix and only in interactive mode. To disable paging, use
--skip-pager. Section 126.96.36.199, “mysql Commands”, discusses output paging further.
The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form (
-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the
passwordvalue following the
-poption on the command line, mysql prompts for one.
Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See Section 188.8.131.52, “End-User Guidelines for Password Security”. You can use an option file to avoid giving the password on the command line.
On Windows, connect to the server using a named pipe. This option applies only if the server supports named-pipe connections.
The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.
Print the program name and all options that it gets from option files.
Set the prompt to the specified format. The default is
mysql>. The special sequences that the prompt can contain are described in Section 184.108.40.206, “mysql Commands”.
The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a protocol to be used other than the one you want. For details on the permissible values, see Section 4.2.2, “Connecting to the MySQL Server”.
Do not cache each query result, print each row as it is received. This may slow down the server if the output is suspended. With this option, mysql does not use the history file.
For tabular output, the “boxing” around columns enables one column value to be distinguished from another. For nontabular output (such as is produced in batch mode or when the
--silentoption is given), special characters are escaped in the output so they can be identified easily. Newline, tab,
NUL, and backslash are written as
--rawoption disables this character escaping.
The following example demonstrates tabular versus nontabular output and the use of raw mode to disable escaping:
mysqlmysql> SELECT CHAR(92); +----------+ | CHAR(92) | +----------+ | \ | +----------+ %
mysql -smysql> SELECT CHAR(92); CHAR(92) \\ %
mysql -s -rmysql> SELECT CHAR(92); CHAR(92) \
If the connection to the server is lost, automatically try to reconnect. A single reconnect attempt is made each time the connection is lost. To suppress reconnection behavior, use
Permit only those
DELETEstatements that specify which rows to modify by using key values. If you have set this option in an option file, you can override it by using
--safe-updateson the command line. See Section 220.127.116.11, “mysql Tips”, for more information about this option.
Do not send passwords to the server in old (pre-4.1) format. This prevents connections except for servers that use the newer password format.
On Windows, the shared-memory name to use, for connections made using shared memory to a local server. The default value is
MYSQL. The shared-memory name is case sensitive.
The server must be started with the
--shared-memoryoption to enable shared-memory connections.
Cause warnings to be shown after each statement if there are any. This option applies to interactive and batch mode. This option was added in MySQL 5.0.6.
SIGINTsignals (typically the result of typing Control+C).
Silent mode. Produce less output. This option can be given multiple times to produce less and less output.
This option results in nontabular output format and escaping of special characters. Escaping may be disabled by using raw mode; see the description for the
Do not write column names in results.
Do not write line numbers for errors. Useful when you want to compare result files that include error messages.
For connections to
localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.
Options that begin with
--sslspecify whether to connect to the server using SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and certificates. See Section 18.104.22.168, “Command Options for Secure Connections”.
Display output in table format. This is the default for interactive use, but can be used to produce table output in batch mode.
Append a copy of output to the given file. This option works only in interactive mode. Section 22.214.171.124, “mysql Commands”, discusses tee files further.
Flush the buffer after each query.
The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.
Verbose mode. Produce more output about what the program does. This option can be given multiple times to produce more and more output. (For example,
-v -v -vproduces table output format even in batch mode.)
Display version information and exit.
Print query output rows vertically (one line per column value). Without this option, you can specify vertical output for individual statements by terminating them with
If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of aborting.
Produce XML output.Note
Prior to MySQL 5.0.26, there was no differentiation in the output when using this option between columns containing the
NULLvalue and columns containing the string literal
'NULL'; both were represented as
Beginning with MySQL 5.0.26, the output when
--xmlis used with mysql matches that of mysqldump
--xml. See Section 4.5.4, “mysqldump — A Database Backup Program” for details.
Beginning with MySQL 5.0.40, the XML output also uses an XML namespace, as shown here:
mysql --xml -uroot -e "SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'version%'"<?xml version="1.0"?> <resultset statement="SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'version%'" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <row> <field name="Variable_name">version</field> <field name="Value">5.0.40-debug</field> </row> <row> <field name="Variable_name">version_comment</field> <field name="Value">Source distribution</field> </row> <row> <field name="Variable_name">version_compile_machine</field> <field name="Value">i686</field> </row> <row> <field name="Variable_name">version_compile_os</field> <field name="Value">suse-linux-gnu</field> </row> </resultset>
(See Bug #25946.)
You can also set the following variables by using
--set-variable format is deprecated.
The number of seconds before connection timeout. (Default value is
The maximum size of the buffer for client/server communication. The default is 16MB, the maximum is 1GB.
The automatic limit for rows in a join when using
--safe-updates. (Default value is 1,000,000.)
The buffer size for TCP/IP and socket communication. (Default value is 16KB.)
It is also possible to set variables by using
--set-variable format is deprecated.