MySQL Enterprise Backup 8.0 User's Guide  /  Appendixes  /  Limitations of MySQL Enterprise Backup

Appendix B Limitations of MySQL Enterprise Backup

Please refer to the MySQL Enterprise Backup 8.0 Release Notes for a list of fixed bugs for mysqlbackup. Here is a list of limitations of MySQL Enterprise Backup:

  • In Linux, Unix, and OS X systems, mysqlbackup does not record file ownership or permissions of the files that are backed up. Upon restore, these files might have different ownership (for example, being owned by root now rather than mysql). They might also have different read/write permissions (for example, being readable by anyone rather than just the file owner). When planning your backup strategy, survey the files in the MySQL data directory to ensure they have consistent owner and permission settings. When executing a restore operation, use an appropriate combination of su, umask, chown, and chmod on the restored files to set up the same owners and privileges as on the original files. The simplest way to ensure correct file ownership and permissions is to run the restore operation as the same user who runs the server, typically mysql.

  • In some cases, backups of non-transactional tables such as MyISAM tables could contain additional uncommitted data. If autocommit is turned off, and both InnoDB tables and non-transactional tables are modified within the same transaction, data can be written to the non-transactional table before the binary log position is updated. The binary log position is updated when the transaction is committed, but the non-transactional data is written immediately. If the backup occurs while such a transaction is open, the backup data contains the updates made to the non-transactional table.

  • The engines column in the mysql.backup_history table does not correctly reflect the storage engines of the backed-up databases.

  • Hot backups for large databases with heavy writing workloads (say, in the order of gigabytes per minute) can take a very long time to complete due to the huge redo log files that are generated on the server while the backup is running. However, when it is a relatively small subset of tables in the database that are being modified frequently, the Optimistic Backup feature can be used to improve performance and reduce backup size, as well as backup and recovery times. See Section 4.3.6, “Making an Optimistic Backup” for details.

  • While it is possible to backup to or restore from a Network Attached Storage (NAS) device using MySQL Enterprise Backup, due to networking issues that might arise, the consistency of the backups and the performance of the backup or restore operations might be compromised.

  • When creating a backup using transportable tablespace (TTS) for a server containing tables with a mix of the Antelope and Barracuda file formats, do not apply full locking on the tables (that is, do not specify --use-tts=with-full-locking). Instead, just specify --use-tts or --use-tts=with-minimum-locking, both of which will apply minimum locking to the tables.

  • Backup of a partitioned table using transportable tablespace (TTS) would fail when any (or all) of its partitions were created in a shared tablespace.

  • Restoring a partitioned table backed up using transportable tablespace (TTS), even when the --force option is used, would fail if any of the partitions was created outside of the backed-up server's data directory.

  • If a table containing full-text search (FTS) index is backed up using transportable tablespace (TTS), after it is restored, the FTS index will be corrupted. Users will need to recreate the index with the following command:

    mysql> ALTER TABLE mytable ENGINE = INNODB;

    Then, check that there are no more errors with the table:

    mysql> CHECK TABLE mytable;

  • Tables created on the MySQL server with the ANSI_QUOTES SQL mode cannot be backed up using transportable tablespace (TTS).

  • MySQL Enterprise Backup does not include the .pem files from the server into the backup. The files are part of the server instance when SSL connections are enabled.

  • During a backup process, if a CREATE INDEX statement with ALGORITHM = INPLACE is issued when the backup process is going on, because the statement will not go into the redo log of the MySQL server (see Sorted Index Builds for details), it cannot be recorded in the backup, and the index will not be recreated by mysqlbackup when the backup is restored.

  • When a file of an unrecognized file type exists under a subdirectory in the server's data directory, it will be backed up by mysqlbackup unless the --only-known-file-types option is used. However, if the name of the file does not have an extension, it will cause mysqlbackup to throw an error when it tries to restore the backup to a server.

  • Cloud operations by MySQL Enterprise Backup are not supported on macOS or Windows platforms, and also on Linux platforms when generic Linux builds are used for both the server and MySQL Enterprise Backup (i.e., when both the server and MySQL Enterprise Backup have been installed using generic Linux tarballs).

  • Using the --src-entry option with the extract command on cloud backups will cause the command to fail. Cloud backups can only be extracted in full.

  • Some limitations apply when mysqlbackup works with encrypted InnoDB tables. See the discussion here for details.

  • Backup operations fail if the server has been started with --innodb_undo_log_encrypt=ON

  • Backup operations may fail if checksums for redo log pages are disabled (i.e., if --innodb_log_checksums is OFF or FALSE or 0) on the server.

  • For MySQL Enterprise Backup 8.0.19 and later: It is safe to have DDL operations (CREATE TABLE, RENAME TABLE, DROP TABLE, ALTER TABLE, and operations that map to ALTER TABLE like CREATE INDEX) happening on the server in parallel with a backup operation as long as:

  • Currently, the image-to-backup-dir command does not work for cloud backups.

  • A compressed directory backup fails when a general tablespace bears the same basename as the database's system tablespace (usually ibdata1) and exists in the same directory with it (usually the server's data directory). A compressed single-file backup created under the same situation will be corrupted, and cannot be restored. To avoid the problem, the server administrator should not put into the same directory the system tablespace and a general tablespace of the same basename; if that is unavoidable, do not perform a compressed backup for the database.