MySQL 5.7 supports delayed replication such that a
slave server deliberately lags behind the master by at least a
specified amount of time. The default delay is 0 seconds. Use the
MASTER_DELAY option for
CHANGE MASTER TO to set the delay
CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_DELAY =
An event received from the master is not executed until at least
N seconds later than its execution on
the master. The exceptions are that there is no delay for format
description events or log file rotation events, which affect only
the internal state of the SQL thread.
Delayed replication can be used for several purposes:
To protect against user mistakes on the master. A DBA can roll back a delayed slave to the time just before the disaster.
To test how the system behaves when there is a lag. For example, in an application, a lag might be caused by a heavy load on the slave. However, it can be difficult to generate this load level. Delayed replication can simulate the lag without having to simulate the load. It can also be used to debug conditions related to a lagging slave.
To inspect what the database looked like long ago, without having to reload a backup. For example, if the delay is one week and the DBA needs to see what the database looked like before the last few days' worth of development, the delayed slave can be inspected.
SHOW SLAVE STATUS has three fields
that provide information about the delay:
SQL_Delay: A nonnegative integer indicating
the number of seconds that the slave must lag the master.
until MASTER_DELAY seconds after master executed
event, this field contains an integer indicating the
number of seconds left of the delay. At other times, this
Slave_SQL_Running_State: A string
indicating the state of the SQL thread (analogous to
Slave_IO_State). The value is identical to
State value of the SQL thread as
When the slave SQL thread is waiting for the delay to elapse
before executing an event,
PROCESSLIST displays its
Waiting until MASTER_DELAY seconds after master