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14.18.2 InnoDB INFORMATION_SCHEMA Transaction and Locking Information

Three InnoDB INFORMATION_SCHEMA tables enable you to monitor transactions and diagnose potential locking problems:

  • INNODB_TRX: Contains information about every transaction currently executing inside InnoDB, including the transaction state (for example, whether it is running or waiting for a lock), when the transaction started, and the particular SQL statement the transaction is executing.

  • INNODB_LOCKS: Each transaction in InnoDB that is waiting for another transaction to release a lock (INNODB_TRX.TRX_STATE is LOCK WAIT) is blocked by exactly one blocking lock request. That blocking lock request is for a row or table lock held by another transaction in an incompatible mode. A lock that blocks a transaction is always held in a mode incompatible with the mode of requested lock (read vs. write, shared vs. exclusive). The blocked transaction cannot proceed until the other transaction commits or rolls back, thereby releasing the requested lock. For every blocked transaction, INNODB_LOCKS contains one row that describes each lock the transaction has requested, and for which it is waiting. INNODB_LOCKS also contains one row for each lock that is blocking another transaction, whatever the state of the transaction that holds the lock (INNODB_TRX.TRX_STATE is RUNNING, LOCK WAIT, ROLLING BACK or COMMITTING).

  • INNODB_LOCK_WAITS: This table indicates which transactions are waiting for a given lock, or for which lock a given transaction is waiting. This table contains one or more rows for each blocked transaction, indicating the lock it has requested and any locks that are blocking that request. The REQUESTED_LOCK_ID value refers to the lock requested by a transaction, and the BLOCKING_LOCK_ID value refers to the lock (held by another transaction) that prevents the first transaction from proceeding. For any given blocked transaction, all rows in INNODB_LOCK_WAITS have the same value for REQUESTED_LOCK_ID and different values for BLOCKING_LOCK_ID.

For more information about the preceding tables, see Section 21.28.8, “The INFORMATION_SCHEMA INNODB_TRX Table”, Section 21.28.6, “The INFORMATION_SCHEMA INNODB_LOCKS Table”, and Section 21.28.7, “The INFORMATION_SCHEMA INNODB_LOCK_WAITS Table”.

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