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The MySQL Performance Schema is a feature for monitoring MySQL Server execution at a low level. The Performance Schema is available as of MySQL 5.5.3 and has these characteristics:
The Performance Schema provides a way to inspect internal
execution of the server at runtime. It is implemented using the
PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA storage engine
performance_schema database. The
Performance Schema focuses primarily on performance data. This
INFORMATION_SCHEMA, which serves
for inspection of metadata.
The Performance Schema monitors server events. An “event” is anything the server does that takes time and has been instrumented so that timing information can be collected. In general, an event could be a function call, a wait for the operating system, a stage of an SQL statement execution such as parsing or sorting, or an entire statement or group of statements. Currently, event collection provides access to information about synchronization calls (such as for mutexes) and file I/O calls for the server and for several storage engines.
Performance Schema events are distinct from events written to the server's binary log (which describe data modifications) and Event Scheduler events (which are a type of stored program).
Current events are available, as well as event histories and summaries. This enables you to determine how many times instrumented activities were performed and how much time they took. Event information is available to show the activities of specific threads, or activity associated with particular objects such as a mutex or file.
engine collects event data using “instrumentation
points” in server source code.
Collected events are stored in tables in the
performance_schema database. These tables can
be queried using
statements like other tables.
Performance Schema configuration can be modified dynamically by
updating tables in the
database through SQL statements. Configuration changes affect
data collection immediately.
Tables in the
performance_schema database are
views or temporary tables that use no persistent on-disk
Monitoring is available on all platforms supported by MySQL.
Some limitations might apply: The types of timers might vary per platform. Instruments that apply to storage engines might not be implemented for all storage engines. Instrumentation of each third-party engine is the responsibility of the engine maintainer. See also Section D.8, “Restrictions on Performance Schema”.
Data collection is implemented by modifying the server source code to add instrumentation. There are no separate threads associated with the Performance Schema, unlike other features such as replication or the Event Scheduler.
The Performance Schema is intended to provide access to useful information about server execution while having minimal impact on server performance. The implementation follows these design goals:
Activating the Performance Schema causes no changes in server
behavior. For example, it does not cause thread scheduling to
change, and it does not cause query execution plans (as shown by
EXPLAIN) to change.
No memory allocation is done beyond that which occurs during server startup. By using early allocation of structures with a fixed size, it is never necessary to resize or reallocate them, which is critical for achieving good runtime performance.
Server monitoring occurs continuously and unobtrusively with very little overhead. Activating the Performance Schema does not make the server unusable.
The parser is unchanged. There are no new keywords or statements.
Execution of server code proceeds normally even if the Performance Schema fails internally.
When there is a choice between performing processing during event collection initially or during event retrieval later, priority is given to making collection faster. This is because collection is ongoing whereas retrieval is on demand and might never happen at all.
It is easy to add new instrumentation points.
Instrumentation is versioned. If the instrumentation implementation changes, previously instrumented code will continue to work. This benefits developers of third-party plugins because it is not necessary to upgrade each plugin to stay synchronized with the latest Performance Schema changes.