Passwords can be written as plain text in SQL statements such as
PASSWORD, and statements that invoke the
PASSWORD() function. If such
statements are logged by the MySQL server as written, passwords
in them become visible to anyone with access to the logs. This
applies to the general query log, the slow query log, and the
binary log (see Section 5.2, “MySQL Server Logs”).
To guard log files against unwarranted exposure, locate them in a directory that restricts access to the server and the database administrator.
Replication slaves store the password for the replication master
master.info file. Retrict this file
to be accessible only to the database administrator.
Use a restricted access mode to protect database backups that include log files containing passwords.