Documentation Home
MySQL 8.3 Reference Manual
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 40.7Mb
PDF (A4) - 40.8Mb
Man Pages (TGZ) - 293.3Kb
Man Pages (Zip) - 408.3Kb
Info (Gzip) - 4.0Mb
Info (Zip) - 4.0Mb
Excerpts from this Manual

MySQL 8.3 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  mysql_migrate_keyring — Keyring Key Migration Utility

6.6.8 mysql_migrate_keyring — Keyring Key Migration Utility

The mysql_migrate_keyring utility migrates keys between one keyring component and another. It supports offline and online migrations.

Invoke mysql_migrate_keyring like this (enter the command on a single line):

mysql_migrate_keyring
  --component-dir=dir_name
  --source-keyring=name
  --destination-keyring=name
  [other options]

For information about key migrations and instructions describing how to perform them using mysql_migrate_keyring and other methods, see Section 8.4.4.14, “Migrating Keys Between Keyring Keystores”.

mysql_migrate_keyring supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line or in the [mysql_migrate_keyring] group of an option file. For information about option files used by MySQL programs, see Section 6.2.2.2, “Using Option Files”.

Table 6.21 mysql_migrate_keyring Options

Option Name Description
--component-dir Directory for keyring components
--defaults-extra-file Read named option file in addition to usual option files
--defaults-file Read only named option file
--defaults-group-suffix Option group suffix value
--destination-keyring Destination keyring component name
--destination-keyring-configuration-dir Destination keyring component configuration directory
--get-server-public-key Request RSA public key from server
--help Display help message and exit
--host Host on which MySQL server is located
--login-path Read login path options from .mylogin.cnf
--no-defaults Read no option files
--no-login-paths Do not read login paths from the login path file
--online-migration Migration source is an active server
--password Password to use when connecting to server
--port TCP/IP port number for connection
--print-defaults Print default options
--server-public-key-path Path name to file containing RSA public key
--socket Unix socket file or Windows named pipe to use
--source-keyring Source keyring component name
--source-keyring-configuration-dir Source keyring component configuration directory
--ssl-ca File that contains list of trusted SSL Certificate Authorities
--ssl-capath Directory that contains trusted SSL Certificate Authority certificate files
--ssl-cert File that contains X.509 certificate
--ssl-cipher Permissible ciphers for connection encryption
--ssl-crl File that contains certificate revocation lists
--ssl-crlpath Directory that contains certificate revocation-list files
--ssl-fips-mode Whether to enable FIPS mode on client side
--ssl-key File that contains X.509 key
--ssl-mode Desired security state of connection to server
--ssl-session-data File that contains SSL session data
--ssl-session-data-continue-on-failed-reuse Whether to establish connections if session reuse fails
--tls-ciphersuites Permissible TLSv1.3 ciphersuites for encrypted connections
--tls-sni-servername Server name supplied by the client
--tls-version Permissible TLS protocols for encrypted connections
--user MySQL user name to use when connecting to server
--verbose Verbose mode
--version Display version information and exit

  • --help, -h

    Command-Line Format --help

    Display a help message and exit.

  • --component-dir=dir_name

    Command-Line Format --component-dir=dir_name
    Type Directory name

    The directory where keyring components are located. This is typically the value of the plugin_dir system variable for the local MySQL server.

    Note

    --component-dir, --source-keyring, and --destination-keyring are mandatory for all keyring migration operations performed by mysql_migrate_keyring. In addition, the source and destination components must differ, and both components must be properly configured so that mysql_migrate_keyring can load and use them.

  • --defaults-extra-file=file_name

    Command-Line Format --defaults-extra-file=file_name
    Type File name

    Read this option file after the global option file but (on Unix) before the user option file. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs. If file_name is not an absolute path name, it is interpreted relative to the current directory.

    For additional information about this and other option-file options, see Section 6.2.2.3, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling”.

  • --defaults-file=file_name

    Command-Line Format --defaults-file=file_name
    Type File name

    Use only the given option file. If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs. If file_name is not an absolute path name, it is interpreted relative to the current directory.

    Exception: Even with --defaults-file, client programs read .mylogin.cnf.

    For additional information about this and other option-file options, see Section 6.2.2.3, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling”.

  • --defaults-group-suffix=str

    Command-Line Format --defaults-group-suffix=str
    Type String

    Read not only the usual option groups, but also groups with the usual names and a suffix of str. For example, mysql_migrate_keyring normally reads the [mysql_migrate_keyring] group. If this option is given as --defaults-group-suffix=_other, mysql_migrate_keyring also reads the [mysql_migrate_keyring_other] group.

    For additional information about this and other option-file options, see Section 6.2.2.3, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling”.

  • --destination-keyring=name

    Command-Line Format --destination-keyring=name
    Type String

    The destination keyring component for key migration. The format and interpretation of the option value is the same as described for the --source-keyring option.

    Note

    --component-dir, --source-keyring, and --destination-keyring are mandatory for all keyring migration operations performed by mysql_migrate_keyring. In addition, the source and destination components must differ, and both components must be properly configured so that mysql_migrate_keyring can load and use them.

  • --destination-keyring-configuration-dir=dir_name

    Command-Line Format --destination-keyring-configuration-dir=dir_name
    Type Directory name

    This option applies only if the destination keyring component global configuration file contains "read_local_config": true, indicating that component configuration is contained in the local configuration file. The option value specifies the directory containing that local file.

  • --get-server-public-key

    Command-Line Format --get-server-public-key
    Type Boolean

    Request from the server the public key required for RSA key pair-based password exchange. This option applies to clients that authenticate with the caching_sha2_password authentication plugin. For that plugin, the server does not send the public key unless requested. This option is ignored for accounts that do not authenticate with that plugin. It is also ignored if RSA-based password exchange is not used, as is the case when the client connects to the server using a secure connection.

    If --server-public-key-path=file_name is given and specifies a valid public key file, it takes precedence over --get-server-public-key.

    For information about the caching_sha2_password plugin, see Section 8.4.1.2, “Caching SHA-2 Pluggable Authentication”.

  • --host=host_name, -h host_name

    Command-Line Format --host=host_name
    Type String
    Default Value localhost

    The host location of the running server that is currently using one of the key migration keystores. Migration always occurs on the local host, so the option always specifies a value for connecting to a local server, such as localhost, 127.0.0.1, ::1, or the local host IP address or host name.

  • --login-path=name

    Command-Line Format --login-path=name
    Type String

    Read options from the named login path in the .mylogin.cnf login path file. A login path is an option group containing options that specify which MySQL server to connect to and which account to authenticate as. To create or modify a login path file, use the mysql_config_editor utility. See Section 6.6.7, “mysql_config_editor — MySQL Configuration Utility”.

    For additional information about this and other option-file options, see Section 6.2.2.3, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling”.

  • --no-login-paths

    Command-Line Format --no-login-paths

    Skips reading options from the login path file.

    See --login-path for related information.

    For additional information about this and other option-file options, see Section 6.2.2.3, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling”.

  • --no-defaults

    Command-Line Format --no-defaults

    Do not read any option files. If program startup fails due to reading unknown options from an option file, --no-defaults can be used to prevent them from being read.

    The exception is that the .mylogin.cnf file is read in all cases, if it exists. This permits passwords to be specified in a safer way than on the command line even when --no-defaults is used. To create .mylogin.cnf, use the mysql_config_editor utility. See Section 6.6.7, “mysql_config_editor — MySQL Configuration Utility”.

    For additional information about this and other option-file options, see Section 6.2.2.3, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling”.

  • --online-migration

    Command-Line Format --online-migration
    Type Boolean
    Default Value FALSE

    This option is mandatory when a running server is using the keyring. It tells mysql_migrate_keyring to perform an online key migration. The option has these effects:

    • mysql_migrate_keyring connects to the server using any connection options specified; these options are otherwise ignored.

    • After mysql_migrate_keyring connects to the server, it tells the server to pause keyring operations. When key copying is complete, mysql_migrate_keyring tells the server it can resume keyring operations before disconnecting.

  • --password[=password], -p[password]

    Command-Line Format --password[=password]
    Type String

    The password of the MySQL account used for connecting to the running server that is currently using one of the key migration keystores. The password value is optional. If not given, mysql_migrate_keyring prompts for one. If given, there must be no space between --password= or -p and the password following it. If no password option is specified, the default is to send no password.

    Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. To avoid giving the password on the command line, use an option file. See Section 8.1.2.1, “End-User Guidelines for Password Security”.

    To explicitly specify that there is no password and that mysql_migrate_keyring should not prompt for one, use the --skip-password option.

  • --port=port_num, -P port_num

    Command-Line Format --port=port_num
    Type Numeric
    Default Value 0

    For TCP/IP connections, the port number for connecting to the running server that is currently using one of the key migration keystores.

  • --print-defaults

    Command-Line Format --print-defaults

    Print the program name and all options that it gets from option files.

    For additional information about this and other option-file options, see Section 6.2.2.3, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File Handling”.

  • --server-public-key-path=file_name

    Command-Line Format --server-public-key-path=file_name
    Type File name

    The path name to a file in PEM format containing a client-side copy of the public key required by the server for RSA key pair-based password exchange. This option applies to clients that authenticate with the sha256_password or caching_sha2_password authentication plugin. This option is ignored for accounts that do not authenticate with one of those plugins. It is also ignored if RSA-based password exchange is not used, as is the case when the client connects to the server using a secure connection.

    If --server-public-key-path=file_name is given and specifies a valid public key file, it takes precedence over --get-server-public-key.

    For sha256_password, this option applies only if MySQL was built using OpenSSL.

    For information about the sha256_password and caching_sha2_password plugins, see Section 8.4.1.3, “SHA-256 Pluggable Authentication”, and Section 8.4.1.2, “Caching SHA-2 Pluggable Authentication”.

  • --socket=path, -S path

    Command-Line Format --socket={file_name|pipe_name}
    Type String

    For Unix socket file or Windows named pipe connections, the socket file or named pipe for connecting to the running server that is currently using one of the key migration keystores.

    On Windows, this option applies only if the server was started with the named_pipe system variable enabled to support named-pipe connections. In addition, the user making the connection must be a member of the Windows group specified by the named_pipe_full_access_group system variable.

  • --source-keyring=name

    Command-Line Format --source-keyring=name
    Type String

    The source keyring component for key migration. This is the component library file name specified without any platform-specific extension such as .so or .dll. For example, to use the component for which the library file is component_keyring_file.so, specify the option as --source-keyring=component_keyring_file.

    Note

    --component-dir, --source-keyring, and --destination-keyring are mandatory for all keyring migration operations performed by mysql_migrate_keyring. In addition, the source and destination components must differ, and both components must be properly configured so that mysql_migrate_keyring can load and use them.

  • --source-keyring-configuration-dir=dir_name

    Command-Line Format --source-keyring-configuration-dir=dir_name
    Type Directory name

    This option applies only if the source keyring component global configuration file contains "read_local_config": true, indicating that component configuration is contained in the local configuration file. The option value specifies the directory containing that local file.

  • --ssl*

    Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the server using encryption and indicate where to find SSL keys and certificates. See Command Options for Encrypted Connections.

  • --ssl-fips-mode={OFF|ON|STRICT}

    Command-Line Format --ssl-fips-mode={OFF|ON|STRICT}
    Deprecated Yes
    Type Enumeration
    Default Value OFF
    Valid Values

    OFF

    ON

    STRICT

    Controls whether to enable FIPS mode on the client side. The --ssl-fips-mode option differs from other --ssl-xxx options in that it is not used to establish encrypted connections, but rather to affect which cryptographic operations to permit. See Section 8.8, “FIPS Support”.

    These --ssl-fips-mode values are permitted:

    • OFF: Disable FIPS mode.

    • ON: Enable FIPS mode.

    • STRICT: Enable strict FIPS mode.

    Note

    If the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module is not available, the only permitted value for --ssl-fips-mode is OFF. In this case, setting --ssl-fips-mode to ON or STRICT causes the client to produce a warning at startup and to operate in non-FIPS mode.

    This option is deprecated. Expect it to be removed in a future version of MySQL.

  • --tls-ciphersuites=ciphersuite_list

    Command-Line Format --tls-ciphersuites=ciphersuite_list
    Type String

    The permissible ciphersuites for encrypted connections that use TLSv1.3. The value is a list of one or more colon-separated ciphersuite names. The ciphersuites that can be named for this option depend on the SSL library used to compile MySQL. For details, see Section 8.3.2, “Encrypted Connection TLS Protocols and Ciphers”.

  • --tls-sni-servername=server_name

    Command-Line Format --tls-sni-servername=server_name
    Type String

    When specified, the name is passed to the libmysqlclient C API library using the MYSQL_OPT_TLS_SNI_SERVERNAME option of mysql_options(). The server name is not case-sensitive. To show which server name the client specified for the current session, if any, check the Tls_sni_server_name status variable.

    Server Name Indication (SNI) is an extension to the TLS protocol (OpenSSL must be compiled using TLS extensions for this option to function). The MySQL implementation of SNI represents the client-side only.

  • --tls-version=protocol_list

    Command-Line Format --tls-version=protocol_list
    Type String
    Default Value

    TLSv1,TLSv1.1,TLSv1.2,TLSv1.3 (OpenSSL 1.1.1 or higher)

    TLSv1,TLSv1.1,TLSv1.2 (otherwise)

    The permissible TLS protocols for encrypted connections. The value is a list of one or more comma-separated protocol names. The protocols that can be named for this option depend on the SSL library used to compile MySQL. For details, see Section 8.3.2, “Encrypted Connection TLS Protocols and Ciphers”.

  • --user=user_name, -u user_name

    Command-Line Format --user=user_name
    Type String

    The user name of the MySQL account used for connecting to the running server that is currently using one of the key migration keystores.

  • --verbose, -v

    Command-Line Format --verbose

    Verbose mode. Produce more output about what the program does.

  • --version, -V

    Command-Line Format --version

    Display version information and exit.