This section describes how to install MySQL from the latest development source code, which is hosted on GitHub. To obtain the MySQL Server source code from this repository hosting service, you can set up a local MySQL Git repository.
MySQL officially joined GitHub in September, 2014. For more information about MySQL's move to GitHub, refer to the announcement on the MySQL Release Engineering blog: MySQL on GitHub
To install MySQL from a development source tree, your system must satisfy the tool requirements listed at Source Installation Prerequisites.
To set up a MySQL Git repository on your machine, use this procedure:
Clone the MySQL Git repository to your machine. The following command clones the MySQL Git repository to a directory named
mysql-server. The initial download will take some time to complete, depending on the speed of your connection.
~$ git clone https://github.com/mysql/mysql-server.git Cloning into 'mysql-server'... remote: Counting objects: 1198513, done. remote: Total 1198513 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 1198513 Receiving objects: 100% (1198513/1198513), 1.01 GiB | 7.44 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (993200/993200), done. Checking connectivity... done. Checking out files: 100% (25510/25510), done.
When the clone operation completes, the contents of your local MySQL Git repository appear similar to the following:
~$ cd mysql-server ~/mysql-server$ ls BUILD cmd-line-utils libservices sql CMakeLists.txt config.h.cmake man sql-common COPYING configure.cmake mysql-test storage Docs dbug mysys strings Doxyfile-perfschema extra mysys_ssl support-files INSTALL include packaging testclients README libbinlogevents plugin unittest VERSION libbinlogstandalone rapid vio client libevent regex win cmake libmysql scripts zlib
Use the git branch -r command to view the remote tracking branches for the MySQL repository.
~/mysql-server$ git branch -r origin/5.5 origin/5.6 origin/5.7 origin/8.0 origin/HEAD -> origin/5.7 origin/cluster-7.2 origin/cluster-7.3 origin/cluster-7.4 origin/cluster-7.5
To view the branches that are checked out in your local repository, issue the git branch command. When you cloned the MySQL Git repository, the MySQL 5.7 branch was checked out automatically. The asterisk identifies the 5.7 branch as the active branch.
~/mysql-server$ git branch * 5.7
To check out a different MySQL branch, run the git checkout command, specifying the branch name. For example, to check out the MySQL 8.0 branch:
~/mysql-server$ git checkout 8.0 Checking out files: 100% (9600/9600), done. Branch 8.0 set up to track remote branch 8.0 from origin. Switched to a new branch '8.0'
git branchto verify that the MySQL 8.0 branch is present. MySQL 8.0, which is the last branch you checked out, is marked by an asterisk indicating that it is the active branch.
~/mysql-server$ git branch 5.7 * 8.0
Use the git checkout command to switch between branches. For example:
~/mysql-server$ git checkout 5.7
To obtain changes made after your initial setup of the MySQL Git repository, switch to the branch you want to update and issue the
~/mysql-server$ git checkout 8.0 ~/mysql-server$ git pull
To examine the commit history, use the
~/mysql-server$ git log
You can also browse commit history and source code on the GitHub MySQL site.
After you have cloned the MySQL Git repository and have checked out the branch you want to build, you can build MySQL Server from the source code. Instructions are provided in Chapter 2, Installing MySQL Using a Standard Source Distribution, except that you skip the part about obtaining and unpacking the distribution.
Be careful about installing a build from a distribution source tree on a production machine. The installation command may overwrite your live release installation. If you already have MySQL installed and do not want to overwrite it, run CMake with values for the
MYSQL_UNIX_ADDRoptions different from those used by your production server. For additional information about preventing multiple servers from interfering with each other, see Running Multiple MySQL Instances on One Machine.
Play hard with your new installation. For example, try to make new features crash. Start by running make test. See The MySQL Test Suite.