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MySQL Enterprise Backup 4.0 User's Guide
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5.1.3 Restoring an Incremental Backup

There are different ways to use incremental backups to restore a database under different scenarios. The preferred method is to first restore the full backup and make it up-to-date to the time at which the full backup was performed using the copy-back-and-apply-log command (see Example 5.1, “Restoring a Database” on how to do it), then use copy-back-and-apply-log again to restore the incremental backup image on top of the full backup that was just restored:

Example 5.6 Restoring an Incremental Backup Image

mysqlbackup --defaults-file=<my.cnf> -uroot --backup-image=<inc_image_name> \
  --incremental-backup-dir=<incBackupTmpDir> --datadir=<restoreDir> --incremental \
  copy-back-and-apply-log


In this example, the incremental backup image named <inc_image_name> is restored to <restoreDir> on the server (where the full backup that the incremental backup image was based on has already been restored). The --incremental-backup-dir option is used to specify the temporary directory into which temporary output, status files, and backup metadata are saved (you can use --backup-dir for the same purpose). Repeat the step with other incremental backup images that you have, until the data has been restored to a desired point in time.

Advanced: Restoring an Incremental Backup Directory

Incremental directory backups can be restored in a series of copy-back-and-apply-log command, as illustrated above for single-file backups. Alternatively, at anytime after an incremental backup is taken and before the data is restored, you can bring your full backup up-to-date with your incremental backup. First, apply to the full backup any changes that occurred while the backup was running:

$ mysqlbackup --backup-dir=/full-backup/2010-12-08_17-14-11 apply-log
..many lines of output...
101208 17:15:10  mysqlbackup: Full backup prepared for recovery successfully!

101208 17:15:10 mysqlbackup: mysqlbackup completed OK!

Then, we apply the changes from the incremental backup using the apply-incremental-backup command:

$ mysqlbackup --incremental-backup-dir=/incr-backup/2010-12-08_17-14-48 
  --backup-dir=/full-backup/2010-12-08_17-14-11 apply-incremental-backup
...many lines of output...
101208 17:15:12 mysqlbackup: mysqlbackup completed OK!

Now, the data files in the full backup directory are fully up-to-date, as of the time of the last incremental backup. You can keep updating it with more incremental backups, so it is ready to be restored anytime.

Binary Log and Relay Log Restore

When an incremental backup is being restored using either the copy-back-and-apply-log or apply-incremental-backup command, the binary log (and also the relay log, in the case of a slave server), if included in the incremental backup, is also restored to the target server by default. This default behavior is overridden when either (1) the --skip-binlog option (or the --skip-relaylog option for the relay log) is used with the restore command, or (2) if the full backup the incremental backup was based on or any prior incremental backup that came in between the full backup and this incremental backup has the binary log (or relay log) missing.

See Section 4.3.3, “Making a Differential or Incremental Backup”, and Section 15.7, “Incremental Backup Options”, for more details on incremental backups.


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