As of MySQL 5.7.3, the Performance Schema instruments transactions. Within the event hierarchy, wait events nest within stage events, which nest within statement events, which nest within transaction events.
These tables store transaction events:
The following sections describe those tables. There are also summary tables that aggregate information about transaction events; see Section 18.104.22.168, “Transaction Summary Tables”.
contains an instrument named
This instrument is disabled by default:
SELECT * FROM setup_instruments WHERE NAME = 'transaction';+-------------+---------+-------+ | NAME | ENABLED | TIMED | +-------------+---------+-------+ | transaction | NO | NO | +-------------+---------+-------+
To enable collection of transaction events, including timing information, do this:
UPDATE setup_instruments SET ENABLED = 'YES', TIMED = 'YES'->
WHERE NAME = 'transaction';
setup_consumers table contains
consumer values with names corresponding to the current and
recent transaction event table names. These consumers may be
used to filter collection of transaction events. By default,
events_transactions_current is enabled:
SELECT * FROM setup_consumers WHERE NAME LIKE '%transactions%';+----------------------------------+---------+ | NAME | ENABLED | +----------------------------------+---------+ | events_transactions_current | YES | | events_transactions_history | NO | | events_transactions_history_long | NO | +----------------------------------+---------+
To enable all transaction consumers, do this:
UPDATE setup_consumers SET ENABLED = 'YES'->
WHERE NAME LIKE '%transactions%';
setup_timers table contains a
row with a
NAME value of
transaction that indicates the unit for
transaction event timing. The default unit is
SELECT * FROM setup_timers WHERE NAME = 'transaction';+-------------+------------+ | NAME | TIMER_NAME | +-------------+------------+ | transaction | NANOSECOND | +-------------+------------+
To change the timing unit, modify the
UPDATE setup_timers SET TIMER_NAME = 'MICROSECOND'->
WHERE NAME = 'transaction';
For additional information about configuring event collection, see Section 21.2, “Performance Schema Configuration”.
In MySQL Server, transactions start explicitly with these statements:
START TRANSACTION | BEGIN | XA START | XA BEGIN
Transactions also start implicitly. For example, when the
autocommit system variable is
enabled, the start of each statement starts a new transaction.
autocommit is disabled,
the first statement following a committed transaction marks the
start of a new transaction. Subsequent statements are part of
the transaction until it is committed.
Transactions explicitly end with these statements:
COMMIT | ROLLBACK | XA COMMIT | XA ROLLBACK
Transactions also end implicitly, by execution of DDL statements, locking statements, and server administration statements.
In the following discussion, references to
TRANSACTION also apply to
BEGIN. Similarly, references to
The Performance Schema defines transaction boundaries similarly to that of the server. The start and end of a transaction event closely match the corresponding state transitions in the server:
For an explicitly started transaction, the transaction event
starts during processing of the
For an implicitly started transaction, the transaction event starts on the first statement that uses a transactional engine after the previous transaction has ended.
There are subtle implications to this approach:
Transaction events in the Performance Schema do not fully
include the statement events associated with the
statements. There is a trivial amount of timing overlap
between the transaction event and these statements.
Statements that work with nontransactional engines have no
effect on the transaction state of the connection. For
implicit transactions, the transaction event begins with the
first statement that uses a transactional engine. This means
that statements operating exclusively on nontransactional
tables are ignored, even following
To illustrate, consider the following scenario:
1. SET autocommit = OFF; 2. CREATE TABLE t1 (a INT) ENGINE = InnoDB; 3. START TRANSACTION; -- Transaction 1 START 4. INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1), (2), (3); 5. CREATE TABLE t2 (a INT) ENGINE = MyISAM; -- Transaction 1 COMMIT -- (implicit; DDL forces commit) 6. INSERT INTO t2 VALUES (1), (2), (3); -- Update nontransactional table 7. UPDATE t2 SET a = a + 1; -- ... and again 8. INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (4), (5), (6); -- Write to transactional table -- Transaction 2 START (implicit) 9. COMMIT; -- Transaction 2 COMMIT
From the perspective of the server, Transaction 1 ends when
t2 is created. Transaction 2 does not
start until a transactional table is accessed, despite the
intervening updates to nontransactional tables.
From the perspective of the Performance Schema, Transaction 2 starts when the server transitions into an active transaction state. Statements 6 and 7 are not included within the boundaries of Transaction 2, which is consistent with how the server writes transactions to the binary log.
Three attributes define transactions:
To reduce complexity of the transaction instrumentation and to ensure that the collected transaction data provides complete, meaningful results, all transactions are instrumented independently of access mode, isolation level, or autocommit mode.
To selectively examine transaction history, use the attribute
columns in the transaction event tables:
The cost of transaction instrumentation can be reduced various ways, such as enabling or disabling transaction instrumentation according to user, account, host, or thread (client connection).
The parent of a transaction event is the event that initiated
the transaction. For an explicitly started transaction, this
CHAIN statements. For an implicitly started
transaction, it is the first statement that uses a transactional
engine after the previous transaction ends.
In general, a transaction is the top-level parent to all events
initiated during the transaction, including statements that
explicitly end the transaction such as
Exceptions are statements that implicitly end a transaction,
such as DDL statements, in which case the current transaction
must be committed before the new statement is executed.
Transactions and stored program events are related as follows:
Stored procedures operate independently of transactions. A stored procedure can be started within a transaction, and a transaction can be started or ended from within a stored procedure. If called from within a transaction, a stored procedure can execute statements that force a commit of the parent transaction and then start a new transaction.
If a stored procedure is started within a transaction, that transaction is the parent of the stored procedure event.
If a transaction is started by a stored procedure, the stored procedure is the parent of the transaction event.
Stored functions are restricted from causing an explicit or implicit commit or rollback. Stored function events can reside within a parent transaction event.
Triggers activate as part of a statement that accesses the table with which it is associated, so the parent of a trigger event is always the statement that activates it.
Triggers cannot issue statements that cause an explicit or implicit commit or rollback of a transaction.
The execution of the statements in the body of a scheduled event takes place in a new connection. Nesting of a scheduled event within a parent transaction is not applicable.
Savepoint statements are recorded as separate statement events.
Transaction events include separate counters for
SAVEPOINT statements issued during the transaction.
Errors and warnings that occur within a transaction are recorded in statement events, but not in the corresponding transaction event. This includes transaction-specific errors and warnings, such as a rollback on a nontransactional table or GTID consistency errors.