MySQL 5.0 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Changes Affecting Upgrades to 5.0 Changes Affecting Upgrades to 5.0

Before upgrading to MySQL 5.0, review the changes described in this section to identify upgrade issues that apply to your current MySQL installation and applications.

Changes marked as either Known issue or Incompatible change are incompatibilities with earlier versions of MySQL, and may require your attention before you upgrade. Our aim is to avoid these changes, but occasionally they are necessary to correct problems that would be worse than an incompatibility between releases. If any upgrade issue applicable to your installation involves an incompatibility that requires special handling, follow the instructions given in the incompatibility description. Sometimes this involves dumping and reloading tables, or use of a statement such as CHECK TABLE or REPAIR TABLE.

For dump and reload instructions, see Section 2.19.4, “Rebuilding or Repairing Tables or Indexes”. Any procedure that involves REPAIR TABLE with the USE_FRM option must be done before upgrading. Use of this statement with a version of MySQL different from the one used to create the table (that is, using it after upgrading) may damage the table. See Section, “REPAIR TABLE Syntax”.


Several visible behaviors have changed between MySQL 4.1 and MySQL 5.0 to make MySQL more compatible with standard SQL. These changes may affect your applications.

System Table Changes
Server Changes
  • MySQL 5.0.27 is the last version in MySQL 5.0 for which MySQL-Max binary distributions are provided, except for RPM distributions. For RPMs, MySQL 5.0.37 is the last release. After these versions, the features previously included in the mysqld-max server are included in mysqld.

    If you previously installed a MySQL-Max distribution that includes a server named mysqld-max, and then upgrade later to a non-Max version of MySQL, mysqld_safe still attempts to run the old mysqld-max server. If you perform such an upgrade, you should remove the old mysqld-max server manually to ensure that mysqld_safe runs the new mysqld server.

  • Incompatible change: Character set or collation changes may require table indexes to be rebuilt. In MySQL 5.0, these occurred in version 5.0.48. For details, see Section 2.19.3, “Checking Whether Tables or Indexes Must Be Rebuilt”.

  • Incompatible change: SHOW CREATE VIEW displays view definitions using an AS alias_name clause for each column. If a column is created from an expression, the default alias is the expression text, which can be quite long. As of MySQL 5.0.52, aliases for column names in CREATE VIEW statements are checked against the maximum column length of 64 characters (not the maximum alias length of 256 characters). As a result, views created from the output of SHOW CREATE VIEW fail if any column alias exceeds 64 characters. This can cause problems for replication or loading dump files. For additional information and workarounds, see Section C.4, “Restrictions on Views”.

  • Incompatible change: Beginning with MySQL 5.0.42, when a DATE value is compared with a DATETIME value, the DATE value is coerced to the DATETIME type by adding the time portion as 00:00:00. Previously, the time portion of the DATETIME value was ignored, or the comparison could be performed as a string comparison. To mimic the old behavior, use the CAST() function to cause the comparison operands to be treated as previously. For example:

    date_col = CAST(NOW() AS DATE)
  • Incompatible change: For ENUM columns that had enumeration values containing commas, the commas were mapped to 0xff internally. However, this rendered the commas indistinguishable from true 0xff characters in the values. This no longer occurs. However, the fix requires that you dump and reload any tables that have ENUM columns containing true 0xff in their values: Dump the tables using mysqldump with the current server before upgrading from a version of MySQL 5.0 older than 5.0.36 to version 5.0.36 or newer.

  • Incompatible change. For BINARY columns, the pad value and how it is handled has changed as of MySQL 5.0.15. The pad value for inserts now is 0x00 rather than space, and there is no stripping of the pad value for retrievals. For details, see Section 11.4.2, “The BINARY and VARBINARY Types”.

  • Incompatible change: As of MySQL 5.0.13, InnoDB rolls back only the last statement on a transaction timeout. As of MySQL 5.0.32, a new option, --innodb_rollback_on_timeout, causes InnoDB to abort and roll back the entire transaction if a transaction timeout occurs (the same behavior as in MySQL 4.1).

  • Incompatible change: The namespace for triggers changed in MySQL 5.0.10. Previously, trigger names had to be unique per table. Now they must be unique within the schema (database). An implication of this change is that DROP TRIGGER syntax now uses a schema name instead of a table name (schema name is optional and, if omitted, the current schema will be used).

    When upgrading from a version of MySQL 5 older than 5.0.10 to MySQL 5.0.10 or newer, you must drop all triggers and re-create them or DROP TRIGGER will not work after the upgrade. Here is a suggested procedure for doing this:

    1. Upgrade to MySQL 5.0.10 or later to be able to access trigger information in the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS table. (This should work even for pre-5.0.10 triggers.)

    2. Dump all trigger definitions using the following SELECT statement:

                    ' ', t.ACTION_TIMING, ' ', t.EVENT_MANIPULATION, ' ON ',
                    t.EVENT_OBJECT_SCHEMA, '.', t.EVENT_OBJECT_TABLE,
                    ' FOR EACH ROW ', t.ACTION_STATEMENT, '//' )
      INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/triggers.sql'

      The statement uses INTO OUTFILE, so you must have the FILE privilege. The file will be created on the server host. Use a different file name if you like. To be 100% safe, inspect the trigger definitions in the triggers.sql file, and perhaps make a backup of the file.

    3. Stop the server and drop all triggers by removing all .TRG files in your database directories. Change location to your data directory and issue this command:

      shell> rm */*.TRG
    4. Start the server and re-create all triggers using the triggers.sql file:

      mysql> delimiter // ;
      mysql> source /tmp/triggers.sql //
    5. Use the SHOW TRIGGERS statement to check that all triggers were created successfully.

  • Incompatible change: The indexing order for end-space in TEXT columns for InnoDB and MyISAM tables has changed. Starting from 5.0.3, TEXT indexes are compared as space-padded at the end (just as MySQL sorts CHAR, VARCHAR and TEXT fields). If you have an index on a TEXT column, you should run CHECK TABLE on it. If the check reports errors, rebuild the indexes: Dump and reload the table if it is an InnoDB table, or run OPTIMIZE TABLE or REPAIR TABLE if it is a MyISAM table.

  • Incompatible change. As of MySQL 5.0.3, trailing spaces no longer are removed from values stored in VARCHAR and VARBINARY columns. The maximum lengths for VARCHAR and VARBINARY columns in MySQL 5.0.3 and later are 65,535 characters and 65,535 bytes, respectively.

    When a binary upgrade (file system-level copy of data files) to MySQL 5.0 is performed for a table with a VARBINARY column, the column is space-padded to the full permissible width of the column. This causes values in VARBINARY columns that do not occupy the full width of the column to include extra trailing spaces after the upgrade, which means that the data in the column is different.

    In addition, new rows inserted into a table upgraded in this way will be space padded to the full width of the column.

    This issue can be resolved as follows:

    1. For each table containing VARBINARY columns, execute the following statement, where tbl_name is the name of the table and engine_name is the name of the storage engine currently used by tbl_name:

      ALTER TABLE tbl_name ENGINE=engine_name;

      In other words, if the table named mytable uses the MyISAM storage engine, then you would use this statement:


      This rebuilds the table so that it uses the 5.0 VARBINARY format.

    2. Then you must remove all trailing spaces from any VARBINARY column values. For each VARBINARY column varbinary_column, execute the following statement, where tbl_name is the name of the table containing the VARBINARY column:

      UPDATE tbl_name SET varbinary_column = RTRIM(varbinary_column);

      This is necessary and safe because trailing spaces are stripped before 5.0.3, meaning that any trailing spaces are erroneous.

    This problem does not occur (and thus these two steps are not required) for tables upgraded using the recommended procedure of dumping tables prior to the upgrade and reloading them afterward.


    If you create a table with new VARCHAR or VARBINARY columns in MySQL 5.0.3 or later, the table will not be usable if you downgrade to a version older than 5.0.3. Dump the table with mysqldump before downgrading and reload it after downgrading.

  • Incompatible change: The implementation of DECIMAL was changed in MySQL 5.0.3. You should make your applications aware of this change. For information about this change, and about possible incompatibilities with old applications, see Section 12.17, “Precision Math”, in particular, Section 12.17.2, “DECIMAL Data Type Characteristics”.

    DECIMAL columns are stored in a more efficient format. To convert a table to use the new DECIMAL type, you should do an ALTER TABLE on it. (The ALTER TABLE also will change the table's VARCHAR columns to use the new VARCHAR data type properties, described in a separate item.)

    A consequence of the change in handling of the DECIMAL and NUMERIC fixed-point data types is that the server is more strict to follow standard SQL. For example, a data type of DECIMAL(3,1) stores a maximum value of 99.9. Before MySQL 5.0.3, the server permitted larger numbers to be stored. That is, it stored a value such as 100.0 as 100.0. As of MySQL 5.0.3, the server clips 100.0 to the maximum permissible value of 99.9. If you have tables that were created before MySQL 5.0.3 and that contain floating-point data not strictly legal for the data type, you should alter the data types of those columns. For example:

    ALTER TABLE tbl_name MODIFY col_name DECIMAL(4,1);

    The behavior used by the server for DECIMAL columns in a table depends on the version of MySQL used to create the table. If your server is from MySQL 5.0.3 or higher, but you have DECIMAL columns in tables that were created before 5.0.3, the old behavior still applies to those columns. To convert the tables to the newer DECIMAL format, dump them with mysqldump and reload them.

  • Incompatible change: MySQL 5.0.3 and up uses precision math when calculating with DECIMAL and integer columns (64 decimal digits) and for rounding exact-value numbers. Rounding behavior is well-defined, not dependent on the implementation of the underlying C library. However, this might result in incompatibilities for applications that rely on the old behavior. (For example, inserting .5 into an INT column results in 1 as of MySQL 5.0.3, but might be 0 in older versions.) For more information about rounding behavior, see Section 12.17.4, “Rounding Behavior”, and Section 12.17.5, “Precision Math Examples”.

  • Incompatible change: In very old versions of MySQL (prior to 4.1), the TIMESTAMP data type supported a display width, which was silenty ignored beginning with MySQL 4.1. This is deprecated in MySQL 5.1, and removed altogether in MySQL 5.5. These changes in behavior can lead to two problem scenarios when trying to use TIMESTAMP(N) columns with a MySQL 5.5 or later server:

    • When importing a dump file (for example, one created using mysqldump) created in a MySQL 5.0 or earlier server into a server from a newer release series, a CREATE TABLE or ALTER TABLE statement containing TIMESTAMP(N) causes the import to fail with a syntax error.

      To fix this problem, edit the dump file in a text editor to replace any instances of TIMESTAMP(N) with TIMESTAMP prior to importing the file. Be sure to use a plain text editor for this, and not a word processor; otherwise, the result is almost certain to be unusable for importing into the MySQL server.

    • When trying replicate any CREATE TABLE or ALTER TABLE statement containing TIMESTAMP(N) from a master MySQL server that supports the TIMESTAMP(N) syntax to a MySQL 5.5 or newer slave, the statement causes replication to fail. Similarly, when you try to restore from a binary log written by a server that supports TIMESTAMP(N) to a MySQL 5.5 or newer server, any CREATE TABLE or ALTER TABLE statement containing TIMESTAMP(N) causes the backup to fail. This holds true regardless of the logging format used by a MySQL 5.1 or newer server.

      It may be possible to fix such issues using a hex editor, by replacing any width arguments used with TIMESTAMP, and the parentheses containing them, with space characters (hexadecimal 20). This can be made to work as long as checksums were not enabled when creating the binary log. Be sure to use a programmer's binary hex editor and not a regular text editor or word processor for this; otherwise, the result is almost certain to be a corrupted binary log file. To guard against accidental corruption of the binary log, you should always work on a copy of the file rather than the original.

    You should try to handle potential issues of these types proactively by updating with ALTER TABLE any TIMESTAMP(N) columns in your databases so that they use TIMESTAMP instead, before performing any upgrades.

  • Incompatible change: MyISAM and InnoDB tables created with DECIMAL columns in MySQL 5.0.3 to 5.0.5 will appear corrupt after an upgrade to MySQL 5.0.6. (The same incompatibility will occur for these tables created in MySQL 5.0.6 after a downgrade to MySQL 5.0.3 to 5.0.5.) If you have such tables, check and repair them with mysql_upgrade after upgrading. See Section 4.4.9, “mysql_upgrade — Check Tables for MySQL Upgrade”.

  • Incompatible change: For user-defined functions, exact-value decimal arguments such as 1.3 or DECIMAL column values were passed as REAL_RESULT values prior to MySQL 5.0.3. As of 5.0.3, they are passed as strings with a type of DECIMAL_RESULT. If you upgrade to 5.0.3 and find that your UDF now receives string values, use the initialization function to coerce the arguments to numbers as described in Section, “UDF Argument Processing”.

  • Incompatible change: As of MySQL 5.0.3, the server by default no longer loads user-defined functions (UDFs) unless they have at least one auxiliary symbol (for example, an xxx_init or xxx_deinit symbol) defined in addition to the main function symbol. This behavior can be overridden with the --allow-suspicious-udfs option. See Section, “UDF Security Precautions”.

  • Incompatible change: The update log has been removed in MySQL 5.0. If you had enabled it previously, enable the binary log instead.

  • Incompatible change: Support for the ISAM storage engine has been removed in MySQL 5.0. If you have any ISAM tables, you should convert them before upgrading. For example, to convert an ISAM table to use the MyISAM storage engine, use this statement:


    Use a similar statement for every ISAM table in each of your databases.

  • Incompatible change: Support for RAID options in MyISAM tables has been removed in MySQL 5.0. If you have tables that use these options, you should convert them before upgrading. One way to do this is to dump them with mysqldump, edit the dump file to remove the RAID options in the CREATE TABLE statements, and reload the dump file. Another possibility is to use CREATE TABLE new_tbl ... SELECT raid_tbl to create a new table from the RAID table. However, the CREATE TABLE part of the statement must contain sufficient information to re-create column attributes as well as indexes, or column attributes may be lost and indexes will not appear in the new table. See Section 13.1.10, “CREATE TABLE Syntax”.

    The .MYD files for RAID tables in a given database are stored under the database directory in subdirectories that have names consisting of two hex digits in the range from 00 to ff. After converting all tables that use RAID options, these RAID-related subdirectories still will exist but can be removed. Verify that they are empty, and then remove them manually. (If they are not empty, this indicates that there is some RAID table that has not been converted.)

  • As of MySQL 5.0.25, the lc_time_names system variable specifies the locale that controls the language used to display day and month names and abbreviations. This variable affects the output from the DATE_FORMAT(), DAYNAME() and MONTHNAME() functions. See Section 10.7, “MySQL Server Locale Support”.

  • In MySQL 5.0.6, binary logging of stored routines and triggers was changed. This change has implications for security, replication, and data recovery, as discussed in Section 18.6, “Binary Logging of Stored Programs”.

  • As of MySQL 5.0.28, mysqld_safe no longer implicitly invokes mysqld-max if it exists. Instead, it invokes mysqld unless a --mysqld or --mysqld-version option is given to specify another server explicitly. If you previously relied on the implicit invocation of mysqld-max, you should use an appropriate option now.

SQL Changes
  • Known issue: Prior to MySQL 5.0.46, the parser accepted invalid code in SQL condition handlers, leading to server crashes or unexpected execution behavior in stored programs. Specifically, the parser permitted a condition handler to refer to labels for blocks that enclose the handler declaration. This was incorrect because block label scope does not include the code for handlers declared within the labeled block.

    As of 5.0.46, the parser rejects this invalid construct, but if you upgrade in place (without dumping and reloading your databases), existing handlers that contain the construct still are invalid even if they appear to function as you expect and should be rewritten.

    To find affected handlers, use mysqldump to dump all stored procedures and functions, triggers, and events. Then attempt to reload them into an upgraded server. Handlers that contain illegal label references will be rejected.

    For more information about condition handlers and writing them to avoid invalid jumps, see Section, “DECLARE ... HANDLER Syntax”.

  • Known issue: The fix for Bug #23491 introduced a problem with SHOW CREATE VIEW, which is used by mysqldump. This causes an incompatibility when upgrading from versions affected by that bug fix (MySQL 5.0.40 through 5.0.43, MySQL 5.1.18 through 5.1.19): If you use mysqldump before upgrading from an affected version and reload the data after upgrading to a higher version, you must drop and recreate your views.

  • Incompatible change: The parser accepted statements that contained /* ... */ that were not properly closed with */, such as SELECT 1 /* + 2. As of MySQL 5.0.50, statements that contain unclosed /*-comments now are rejected with a syntax error.

    This fix has the potential to cause incompatibilities. Because of Bug #26302, which caused the trailing */ to be truncated from comments in views, stored routines, triggers, and events, it is possible that objects of those types may have been stored with definitions that now will be rejected as syntactically invalid. Such objects should be dropped and re-created so that their definitions do not contain truncated comments. If a stored object definition contains only a single statement (does not use a BEGIN ... END block) and contains a comment within the statement, the comment should be moved to follow the statement or the object should be rewritten to use a BEGIN ... END block. For example, this statement:

    CREATE PROCEDURE p() SELECT 1 /* my comment */ ;

    Can be rewritten in either of these ways:

    CREATE PROCEDURE p() SELECT 1; /* my comment */
    CREATE PROCEDURE p() BEGIN SELECT 1 /* my comment */ ; END;
  • Incompatible change: If you have created a user-defined function (UDF) with a given name and upgrade MySQL to a version that implements a new built-in function with the same name, the UDF becomes inaccessible. To correct this, use DROP FUNCTION to drop the UDF, and then use CREATE FUNCTION to re-create the UDF with a different nonconflicting name. If a new version of MySQL implements a built-in function with the same name as an existing stored function, you have two choices: Rename the stored function to use a nonconflicting name, or change calls to the function so that they use a database qualifier (that is, use db_name.func_name() syntax). See Section 9.2.3, “Function Name Parsing and Resolution”, for the rules describing how the server interprets references to different kinds of functions.

  • Incompatible change: As of MySQL 5.0.15, the CHAR() function returns a binary string rather than a string in the connection character set. An optional USING charset_name clause may be used to produce a result in a specific character set instead. Also, arguments larger than 256 produce multiple characters. They are no longer interpreted modulo 256 to produce a single character each. These changes may cause some incompatibilities:

    • CHAR(ORD('A')) = 'a' is no longer true:

      mysql> SELECT CHAR(ORD('A')) = 'a';
      | CHAR(ORD('A')) = 'a' |
      |                    0 |

      To perform a case-insensitive comparison, you can produce a result string in a nonbinary character set by adding a USING clause or converting the result:

      mysql> SELECT CHAR(ORD('A') USING latin1) = 'a';
      | CHAR(ORD('A') USING latin1) = 'a' |
      |                                 1 |
      mysql> SELECT CONVERT(CHAR(ORD('A')) USING latin1) = 'a';
      | CONVERT(CHAR(ORD('A')) USING latin1) = 'a' |
      |                                          1 |
    • Incompatible change: Beginning with MySQL 5.0.12, natural joins and joins with USING, including outer join variants, are processed according to the SQL:2003 standard. The changes include elimination of redundant output columns for NATURAL joins and joins specified with a USING clause and proper ordering of output columns. The precedence of the comma operator also now is lower compared to JOIN, LEFT JOIN, and so forth.

      These changes make MySQL more compliant with standard SQL. However, they can result in different output columns for some joins. Also, some queries that appeared to work correctly prior to 5.0.12 must be rewritten to comply with the standard. For details about the scope of the changes and examples that show what query rewrites are necessary, see Section, “JOIN Syntax”.

    • CREATE TABLE ... SELECT CHAR(...) produces a VARBINARY column, not a VARCHAR column. To produce a VARCHAR column, use USING or CONVERT() as just described to convert the CHAR() result into a nonbinary character set.

    • Previously, the following statements inserted the value 0x00410041 ('AA' as a ucs2 string) into the table:

      CREATE TABLE t (ucs2_column CHAR(2) CHARACTER SET ucs2);
      INSERT INTO t VALUES (CHAR(0x41,0x41));

      As of MySQL 5.0.15, the statements insert a single ucs2 character with value 0x4141.

  • Incompatible change: By default, integer subtraction involving an unsigned value should produce an unsigned result. Tracking of the unsignedness of an expression was improved in MySQL 5.0.13. This means that, in some cases where an unsigned subtraction would have resulted in a signed integer, it now results in an unsigned integer. One context in which this difference manifests itself is when a subtraction involving an unsigned operand would be negative.

    Suppose that i is a TINYINT UNSIGNED column and has a value of 0. The server evaluates the following expression using 64-bit unsigned integer arithmetic with the following result:

    mysql> SELECT i - 1 FROM t;
    | i - 1                |
    | 18446744073709551615 |

    If the expression is used in an UPDATE t SET i = i - 1 statement, the expression is evaluated and the result assigned to i according to the usual rules for handling values outside the column range or 0 to 255. That is, the value is clipped to the nearest endpoint of the range. However, the result is version-specific:

    • Before MySQL 5.0.13, the expression is evaluated but is treated as the equivalent 64-bit signed value (−1) for the assignment. The value of −1 is clipped to the nearest endpoint of the column range, resulting in a value of 0:

      mysql> UPDATE t SET i = i - 1; SELECT i FROM t;
      | i    |
      |    0 |
    • As of MySQL 5.0.13, the expression is evaluated and retains its unsigned attribute for the assignment. The value of 18446744073709551615 is clipped to the nearest endpoint of the column range, resulting in a value of 255:

      mysql> UPDATE t SET i = i - 1; SELECT i FROM t;
      | i    |
      |  255 |

    To get the older behavior, use CAST() to convert the expression result to a signed value:

    UPDATE t SET i = CAST(i - 1 AS SIGNED);

    Alternatively, set the NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION SQL mode. However, this will affect all integer subtractions involving unsigned values.

  • Incompatible change: Before MySQL 5.0.12, NOW() and SYSDATE() return the same value (the time at which the statement in which the function occurs begins executing). As of MySQL 5.0.12, SYSDATE() returns the time at which it executes, which can differ from the value returned by NOW(). For information about the implications for binary logging, replication, and use of indexes, see the description for SYSDATE() in Section 12.7, “Date and Time Functions” and for SET TIMESTAMP in Section 13.7.4, “SET Syntax”. To restore the former behavior for SYSDATE() and cause it to be an alias for NOW(), start the server with the --sysdate-is-now option (available as of MySQL 5.0.20).

  • Incompatible change: Before MySQL 5.0.13, GREATEST(x,NULL) and LEAST(x,NULL) return x when x is a non-NULL value. As of 5.0.13, both functions return NULL if any argument is NULL, the same as Oracle. This change can cause problems for applications that rely on the old behavior.

  • Incompatible change: Before MySQL 5.0.8, conversion of DATETIME values to numeric form by adding zero produced a result in YYYYMMDDHHMMSS format. The result of DATETIME+0 is now in YYYYMMDDHHMMSS.000000 format.

  • Incompatible change: In MySQL 5.0.6, the behavior of LOAD DATA INFILE and SELECT ... INTO OUTFILE has changed when the FIELDS TERMINATED BY and FIELDS ENCLOSED BY values both are empty. Formerly, a column was read or written using the display width of the column. For example, INT(4) was read or written using a field with a width of 4. Now columns are read and written using a field width wide enough to hold all values in the field. However, data files written before this change was made might not be reloaded correctly with LOAD DATA INFILE for MySQL 5.0.6 and up. This change also affects data files read by mysqlimport and written by mysqldump --tab, which use LOAD DATA INFILE and SELECT ... INTO OUTFILE. For more information, see Section 13.2.6, “LOAD DATA INFILE Syntax”.

  • Incompatible change: Before MySQL 5.0.2, SHOW STATUS returned global status values. The default as of 5.0.2 is to return session values, which is incompatible with previous versions. To issue a SHOW STATUS statement that will retrieve global status values for all versions of MySQL, write it like this:

    SHOW /*!50002 GLOBAL */ STATUS;
  • Incompatible change: User variables are not case sensitive in MySQL 5.0. In MySQL 4.1, SET @x = 0; SET @X = 1; SELECT @x; created two variables and returned 0. In MySQL 5.0, it creates one variable and returns 1. Replication setups that rely on the old behavior may be affected by this change.

  • Some keywords may be reserved in MySQL 5.0 that were not reserved in MySQL 4.1. See Section 9.3, “Keywords and Reserved Words”.

  • The LOAD DATA FROM MASTER and LOAD TABLE FROM MASTER statements are deprecated. See Section, “LOAD DATA FROM MASTER Syntax”, for recommended alternatives.

  • As of MySQL 5.0.25, TIMESTAMP columns that are NOT NULL now are reported that way by SHOW COLUMNS and INFORMATION_SCHEMA, rather than as NULL.

  • Comparisons made between FLOAT or DOUBLE values that happened to work in MySQL 4.1 may not do so in 5.0. Values of these types are imprecise in all MySQL versions, and you are strongly advised to avoid such comparisons as WHERE col_name=some_double, regardless of the MySQL version you are using. See Section B.5.4.8, “Problems with Floating-Point Values”.

  • As of MySQL 5.0.3, BIT is a separate data type, not a synonym for TINYINT(1). See Section 11.1.1, “Numeric Type Overview”.

  • MySQL 5.0.2 adds several SQL modes that enable stricter control over rejecting records that have invalid or missing values. See Section 5.1.7, “Server SQL Modes”, and Section, “Constraints on Invalid Data”. If you want to enable this control but continue to use MySQL's capability for storing incorrect dates such as '2004-02-31', you should start the server with --sql_mode="TRADITIONAL,ALLOW_INVALID_DATES".

  • As of MySQL 5.0.2, the SCHEMA and SCHEMAS keywords are accepted as synonyms for DATABASE and DATABASES, respectively. (While schemata is grammatically correct and even appears in some MySQL 5.0 system database and table names, it cannot be used as a keyword.)

C API Changes
  • Incompatible change: Because the MySQL 5.0 server has a new implementation of the DECIMAL data type, a problem may occur if the server is used by older clients that still are linked against MySQL 4.1 client libraries. If a client uses the binary client/server protocol to execute prepared statements that generate result sets containing numeric values, an error will be raised: 'Using unsupported buffer type: 246'

    This error occurs because the 4.1 client libraries do not support the new MYSQL_TYPE_NEWDECIMAL type value added in 5.0. There is no way to disable the new DECIMAL data type on the server side. You can avoid the problem by relinking the application with the client libraries from MySQL 5.0.

  • Incompatible change: The ER_WARN_DATA_TRUNCATED warning symbol was renamed to WARN_DATA_TRUNCATED in MySQL 5.0.3.

  • The reconnect flag in the MYSQL structure is set to 0 by mysql_real_connect(). Only those client programs which did not explicitly set this flag to 0 or 1 after mysql_real_connect() experience a change. Having automatic reconnection enabled by default was considered too dangerous (due to the fact that table locks, temporary tables, user variables, and session variables are lost after reconnection).

User Comments
  Posted by Luke Matthews on August 13, 2015
Defaults for performance_schema=off changed to 'on' at 5.6.6.
As result, this leads to higher memory consumption by mysqld (+400Mb RSS used).

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