The NDB API is an object-oriented application programming interface for MySQL Cluster that implements indexes, scans, transactions, and event handling. NDB transactions are ACID-compliant in that they provide a means to group operations in such a way that they succeed (commit) or fail as a unit (rollback). It is also possible to perform operations in a “no-commit” or deferred mode, to be committed at a later time.
NDB scans are conceptually rather similar to the SQL cursors implemented in MySQL 5.0 and other common enterprise-level database management systems. These provide high-speed row processing for record retrieval purposes. (MySQL Cluster naturally supports set processing just as does MySQL in its non-Cluster distributions. This can be accomplished through the usual MySQL APIs discussed in the MySQL Manual and elsewhere.) The NDB API supports both table scans and row scans; the latter can be performed using either unique or ordered indexes. Event detection and handling is discussed in Section 2.3.21, “The NdbEventOperation Class”, as well as Section 2.4.8, “NDB API Event Handling Example”.
In addition, the NDB API provides object-oriented error-handling facilities in order to provide a means of recovering gracefully from failed operations and other problems. (See Section 2.4.3, “NDB API Example: Handling Errors and Retrying Transactions”, for a detailed example.)
The NDB API provides a number of classes implementing the
functionality described above. The most important of these
NdbOperation classes. These
model (respectively) database connections, cluster connections,
transactions, and operations. These classes and their subclasses
are listed in Section 2.3, “NDB API Classes, Interfaces, and Structures”. Error conditions in
the NDB API are handled using
NDB API applications access the MySQL Cluster's data
store directly, without requiring a MySQL Server as an
intermediary. This means that such applications are not bound
by the MySQL privilege system; any NDB API application has
read and write access to any
table stored in the same MySQL Cluster at any time without
In MySQL Cluster NDB 7.2.0 and later, it is possible to
distribute the MySQL grant tables, converting them from the
MyISAM) storage engine
NDB. Once this has been done,
NDB API applications can access any of the MySQL grant tables.
This means that such applications can read or write user
names, passwords, and any other data stored in these tables.