Building MySQL from the source code enables you to customize build parameters, compiler optimizations, and installation location. For a list of systems on which MySQL is known to run, see http://www.mysql.com/support/supportedplatforms/database.html.
Before you proceed with an installation from source, check whether Oracle produces a precompiled binary distribution for your platform and whether it works for you. We put a great deal of effort into ensuring that our binaries are built with the best possible options for optimal performance. Instructions for installing binary distributions are available in Installing MySQL on Unix/Linux Using Generic Binaries.
This section describes how to build MySQL from source using CMake. Before MySQL 5.5, source builds used the GNU autotools on Unix-like systems. Source builds on Windows used CMake, but the process was different from that described here. For source-building instructions for older versions of MySQL, see the MySQL 5.1 Reference Manual. If you are familiar with autotools but not CMake, you might find these transition instructions helpful: Autotools to CMake Transition Guide
There are two methods for installing MySQL from source:
Use a standard MySQL source distribution. To obtain a standard distribution, see How to Get MySQL. For instructions on building from a standard distribution, see Chapter 2, Installing MySQL Using a Standard Source Distribution.
Standard distributions are available as compressed tar files, Zip archives, or RPM packages. Distribution files have names of the form
VERSIONis a number like
5.5.55. File names for source distributions can be distinguished from those for precompiled binary distributions in that source distribution names are generic and include no platform name, whereas binary distribution names include a platform name indicating the type of system for which the distribution is intended (for example,
Use a MySQL development tree. For information on building from one of the development trees, see Chapter 3, Installing MySQL Using a Development Source Tree.
Installation of MySQL from source requires several development tools. Some of these tools are needed no matter whether you use a standard source distribution or a development source tree. Other tool requirements depend on which installation method you use.
To install MySQL from source, the following system requirements must be satisfied, regardless of installation method:
CMake, which is used as the build framework on all platforms. CMake can be downloaded from http://www.cmake.org.
A good make program. Although some platforms come with their own make implementations, it is highly recommended that you use GNU make 3.75 or higher. It may already be available on your system as gmake. GNU make is available from http://www.gnu.org/software/make/.
A working ANSI C++ compiler. GCC 4.2.1 or later, Sun Studio 12 or later, Visual Studio 2008 or later, and many current vendor-supplied compilers are known to work.
Sufficient free memory. If you encounter problems such as “internal compiler error” when compiling large source files, it may be that you have too little memory. If compiling on a virtual machine, try increasing the memory allocation.
Perl is needed if you intend to run test scripts. Most Unix-like systems include Perl. On Windows, you can use a version such as ActiveState Perl.
To install MySQL from a standard source distribution, one of the following tools is required to unpack the distribution file:
.tar.gzcompressed tar file: GNU
gunzipto uncompress the distribution and a reasonable tar to unpack it. If your tar program supports the
zoption, it can both uncompress and unpack the file.
GNU tar is known to work. The standard tar provided with some operating systems is not able to unpack the long file names in the MySQL distribution. You should download and install GNU tar, or if available, use a preinstalled version of GNU tar. Usually this is available as gnutar, gtar, or as tar within a GNU or Free Software directory, such as
/usr/local/bin. GNU tar is available from http://www.gnu.org/software/tar/.
.zipZip archive: WinZip or another tool that can read
.rpmRPM package: The rpmbuild program used to build the distribution unpacks it.
To install MySQL from a development source tree, the following additional tools are required:
The Git revision control system is required to obtain the development source code. The GitHub Help provides instructions for downloading and installing Git on different platforms. MySQL officially joined GitHub in September, 2014. For more information about MySQL's move to GitHub, refer to the announcement on the MySQL Release Engineering blog: MySQL on GitHub
bison 2.1 or higher, available from http://www.gnu.org/software/bison/. (Version 1 is no longer supported.) Use the latest version of bison where possible; if you experience problems, upgrade to a later version, rather than revert to an earlier one.
bison is available from http://www.gnu.org/software/bison/.
bisonfor Windows can be downloaded from http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/bison.htm. Download the package labeled “Complete package, excluding sources”. On Windows, the default location for bison is the
C:\Program Files\GnuWin32directory. Some utilities may fail to find bison because of the space in the directory name. Also, Visual Studio may simply hang if there are spaces in the path. You can resolve these problems by installing into a directory that does not contain a space; for example
On OpenSolaris and Solaris Express, m4 must be installed in addition to bison. m4 is available from http://www.gnu.org/software/m4/.
If you have to install any programs, modify your
PATH environment variable to include any
directories in which the programs are located. See
Setting Environment Variables.
If you run into problems and need to file a bug report, please use the instructions in How to Report Bugs or Problems.