In MySQL multi-source replication, a replica opens multiple replication channels, one for each source server. The replication channels represent the path of transactions flowing from a source to the replica. Each replication channel has its own receiver (I/O) thread, one or more applier (SQL) threads, and relay log. When transactions from a source are received by a channel's receiver thread, they are added to the channel's relay log file and passed through to the channel's applier threads. This enables each channel to function independently.
This section describes how channels can be used in a replication topology, and the impact they have on single-source replication. For instructions to configure sources and replicas for multi-source replication, to start, stop and reset multi-source replicas, and to monitor multi-source replication, see Section 17.1.5, “MySQL Multi-Source Replication”.
The maximum number of channels that can be created on one replica server in a multi-source replication topology is 256. Each replication channel must have a unique (nonempty) name, as explained in Section 220.127.116.11, “Replication Channel Naming Conventions”. The error codes and messages that are issued when multi-source replication is enabled specify the channel that generated the error.
Each channel on a multi-source replica must replicate from a different source. You cannot set up multiple replication channels from a single replica to a single source. This is because the server IDs of replicas must be unique in a replication topology. The source distinguishes replicas only by their server IDs, not by the names of the replication channels, so it cannot recognize different replication channels from the same replica.
A multi-source replica can also be set up as a multi-threaded
replica, by setting the system variable
replica_parallel_workers to a value
greater than 0. When you do this on a multi-source replica, each
channel on the replica has the specified number of applier threads,
plus a coordinator thread to manage them. You cannot configure the
number of applier threads for individual channels.
Multi-source replicas can be configured with replication filters on specific replication channels. Channel specific replication filters can be used when the same database or table is present on multiple sources, and you only need the replica to replicate it from one source. For GTID-based replication, if the same transaction might arrive from multiple sources (such as in a diamond topology), you must ensure the filtering setup is the same on all channels. For more information, see Section 18.104.22.168, “Replication Channel Based Filters”.
To provide compatibility with previous versions, the MySQL server
automatically creates on startup a default channel whose name is the
empty string (
""). This channel is always
present; it cannot be created or destroyed by the user. If no other
channels (having nonempty names) have been created, replication
statements act on the default channel only, so that all replication
statements from older replicas function as expected (see
Section 22.214.171.124, “Compatibility with Previous Replication Statements”. Statements
applying to replication channels as described in this section can be
used only when there is at least one named channel.