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MySQL 8.1 Reference Manual  /  Installing and Upgrading MySQL

Chapter 2 Installing and Upgrading MySQL

Table of Contents

2.1 General Installation Guidance
2.1.1 Supported Platforms
2.1.2 Which MySQL Version and Distribution to Install
2.1.3 How to Get MySQL
2.1.4 Verifying Package Integrity Using MD5 Checksums or GnuPG
2.1.5 Installation Layouts
2.1.6 Compiler-Specific Build Characteristics
2.2 Installing MySQL on Unix/Linux Using Generic Binaries
2.3 Installing MySQL on Microsoft Windows
2.3.1 Choosing an Installation Package
2.3.2 Configuration: Using MySQL Configurator
2.3.3 Configuration: Manually
2.3.4 Troubleshooting a Microsoft Windows MySQL Server Installation
2.3.5 Windows Postinstallation Procedures
2.3.6 Windows Platform Restrictions
2.4 Installing MySQL on macOS
2.4.1 General Notes on Installing MySQL on macOS
2.4.2 Installing MySQL on macOS Using Native Packages
2.4.3 Installing and Using the MySQL Launch Daemon
2.4.4 Installing and Using the MySQL Preference Pane
2.5 Installing MySQL on Linux
2.5.1 Installing MySQL on Linux Using the MySQL Yum Repository
2.5.2 Installing MySQL on Linux Using the MySQL APT Repository
2.5.3 Installing MySQL on Linux Using the MySQL SLES Repository
2.5.4 Installing MySQL on Linux Using RPM Packages from Oracle
2.5.5 Installing MySQL on Linux Using Debian Packages from Oracle
2.5.6 Deploying MySQL on Linux with Docker Containers
2.5.7 Installing MySQL on Linux from the Native Software Repositories
2.5.8 Installing MySQL on Linux with Juju
2.5.9 Managing MySQL Server with systemd
2.6 Installing MySQL Using Unbreakable Linux Network (ULN)
2.7 Installing MySQL on Solaris
2.7.1 Installing MySQL on Solaris Using a Solaris PKG
2.8 Installing MySQL from Source
2.8.1 Source Installation Methods
2.8.2 Source Installation Prerequisites
2.8.3 MySQL Layout for Source Installation
2.8.4 Installing MySQL Using a Standard Source Distribution
2.8.5 Installing MySQL Using a Development Source Tree
2.8.6 Configuring SSL Library Support
2.8.7 MySQL Source-Configuration Options
2.8.8 Dealing with Problems Compiling MySQL
2.8.9 MySQL Configuration and Third-Party Tools
2.8.10 Generating MySQL Doxygen Documentation Content
2.9 Postinstallation Setup and Testing
2.9.1 Initializing the Data Directory
2.9.2 Starting the Server
2.9.3 Testing the Server
2.9.4 Securing the Initial MySQL Account
2.9.5 Starting and Stopping MySQL Automatically
2.10 Upgrading MySQL
2.10.1 Before You Begin
2.10.2 Upgrade Paths
2.10.3 What the MySQL Upgrade Process Upgrades
2.10.4 Changes in MySQL 8.1
2.10.5 Preparing Your Installation for Upgrade
2.10.6 Upgrading MySQL Binary or Package-based Installations on Unix/Linux
2.10.7 Upgrading MySQL with the MySQL Yum Repository
2.10.8 Upgrading MySQL with the MySQL APT Repository
2.10.9 Upgrading MySQL with the MySQL SLES Repository
2.10.10 Upgrading MySQL on Windows
2.10.11 Upgrading a Docker Installation of MySQL
2.10.12 Upgrade Troubleshooting
2.10.13 Rebuilding or Repairing Tables or Indexes
2.10.14 Copying MySQL Databases to Another Machine
2.11 Downgrading MySQL
2.12 Perl Installation Notes
2.12.1 Installing Perl on Unix
2.12.2 Installing ActiveState Perl on Windows
2.12.3 Problems Using the Perl DBI/DBD Interface

This chapter describes how to obtain and install MySQL. A summary of the procedure follows and later sections provide the details. If you plan to upgrade an existing version of MySQL to a newer version rather than install MySQL for the first time, see Section 2.10, “Upgrading MySQL”, for information about upgrade procedures and about issues that you should consider before upgrading.

If you are interested in migrating to MySQL from another database system, see Section A.8, “MySQL 8.1 FAQ: Migration”, which contains answers to some common questions concerning migration issues.

Installation of MySQL generally follows the steps outlined here:

  1. Determine whether MySQL runs and is supported on your platform.

    Please note that not all platforms are equally suitable for running MySQL, and that not all platforms on which MySQL is known to run are officially supported by Oracle Corporation. For information about those platforms that are officially supported, see on the MySQL website.

  2. Choose which track to install.

    MySQL offers a bugfix track (such as MySQL 8.0), and an innovation track (today it's MySQL 8.1) and each track addresses different use cases. Both tracks are considered production-ready and include bug fixes, while innovation releases also include new features and potential for modified behavior.

    A bugfix track upgrade includes point releases, such as MySQL 8.0.x upgrading to 8.0.y, while innovation track releases typically only have minor releases, such as MySQL 8.1.0 upgrading to 8.2.0. However, an innovation track does have the occasional point release.

  3. Choose which distribution to install.

    Several versions of MySQL are available, and most are available in several distribution formats. You can choose from pre-packaged distributions containing binary (precompiled) programs or source code. When in doubt, use a binary distribution. Oracle also provides access to the MySQL source code for those who want to see recent developments and test new code. To determine which version and type of distribution you should use, see Section 2.1.2, “Which MySQL Version and Distribution to Install”.

  4. Download the distribution that you want to install.

    For instructions, see Section 2.1.3, “How to Get MySQL”. To verify the integrity of the distribution, use the instructions in Section 2.1.4, “Verifying Package Integrity Using MD5 Checksums or GnuPG”.

  5. Install the distribution.

    To install MySQL from a binary distribution, use the instructions in Section 2.2, “Installing MySQL on Unix/Linux Using Generic Binaries”. Alternatively, use the Secure Deployment Guide, which provides procedures for deploying a generic binary distribution of MySQL Enterprise Edition Server with features for managing the security of your MySQL installation.

    To install MySQL from a source distribution or from the current development source tree, use the instructions in Section 2.8, “Installing MySQL from Source”.

  6. Perform any necessary postinstallation setup.

    After installing MySQL, see Section 2.9, “Postinstallation Setup and Testing” for information about making sure the MySQL server is working properly. Also refer to the information provided in Section 2.9.4, “Securing the Initial MySQL Account”. This section describes how to secure the initial MySQL root user account, which has no password until you assign one. The section applies whether you install MySQL using a binary or source distribution.

  7. If you want to run the MySQL benchmark scripts, Perl support for MySQL must be available. See Section 2.12, “Perl Installation Notes”.

Instructions for installing MySQL on different platforms and environments is available on a platform by platform basis: