- 2.3.1 MySQL Installation Layout on Microsoft Windows
- 2.3.2 Choosing the Installation Package for Microsoft Windows
- 2.3.3 MySQL Notifier
- 2.3.4 Installing MySQL on Microsoft Windows Using an MSI Package
- 2.3.5 Using the MySQL Server Instance Config Wizard
- 2.3.6 Installing MySQL on Microsoft Windows Using a noinstall Zip Archive
- 2.3.7 Troubleshooting a Microsoft Windows MySQL Server Installation
- 2.3.8 Windows Postinstallation Procedures
- 2.3.9 Upgrading MySQL Server on Microsoft Windows
The MySQL server 5.1 branch is old and not recommended for new installations. Consider installing the latest stable branch, which today is MySQL server 5.7.
MySQL is available for Microsoft Windows, for both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. For supported Windows platform information, see http://www.mysql.com/support/supportedplatforms/database.html.
It is possible to run MySQL as a standard application or as a Windows service. By using a service, you can monitor and control the operation of the server through the standard Windows service management tools. For more information, see Section 126.96.36.199, “Starting MySQL Server as a Microsoft Windows Service”.
Generally, you should install MySQL on Windows using an account that
has administrator rights. Otherwise, you may encounter problems with
certain operations such as editing the
environment variable or accessing the Service Control
Manager. Once installed, MySQL does not need to be
executed using a user with Administrator privileges.
For a list of limitations on the use of MySQL on the Windows platform, see Section C.7.6, “Windows Platform Limitations”.
In addition to the MySQL Server package, you may need or want additional components to use MySQL with your application or development environment. These include, but are not limited to:
To connect to the MySQL server using ODBC, you must have a Connector/ODBC driver. For more information, including installation and configuration instructions, see MySQL Connector/ODBC Developer Guide.
To use MySQL server with .NET applications, you must have the Connector/Net driver. For more information, including installation and configuration instructions, see MySQL Connector/Net Developer Guide.
MySQL for Windows is available in several distribution formats, detailed here. Generally speaking, you should use a binary distribution that includes an installer. It is simpler to use than the others, and you need no additional tools to get MySQL up and running. The installer for the Windows version of MySQL, combined with a GUI Config Wizard, automatically installs MySQL, creates an option file, starts the server, and secures the default user accounts.
Binary installer distribution. The installable distribution comes packaged as a Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) package that you can install manually or automatically on your systems. Two formats are available, an essentials package that contains all the files you need to install and configure MySQL, but no additional components, and a complete package that includes MySQL, configuration tools, benchmarks and other components. For more information on the specific differences, see Section 2.3.2, “Choosing the Installation Package for Microsoft Windows”
For instructions on installing MySQL using one of the MSI installation packages, see Section 2.3.4, “Installing MySQL on Microsoft Windows Using an MSI Package”.
The standard binary distribution (packaged as a Zip file) contains all of the necessary files that you unpack into your chosen location. This package contains all of the files in the full Windows MSI Installer package, but does not include an installation program.
For instructions on installing MySQL using the Zip file, see Section 2.3.6, “Installing MySQL on Microsoft Windows Using a noinstall Zip Archive”.
The source distribution format contains all the code and support files for building the executables using the Visual Studio compiler system.
For instructions on building MySQL from source on Windows, see Section 2.11.7, “Installing MySQL from Source on Windows”.
MySQL on Windows considerations:
Large Table Support
If you need tables with a size larger than 4GB, install MySQL on an NTFS or newer file system. Do not forget to use
AVG_ROW_LENGTHwhen you create tables. See Section 13.1.17, “CREATE TABLE Syntax”.
MySQL and Virus Checking Software
Virus-scanning software such as Norton/Symantec Anti-Virus on directories containing MySQL data and temporary tables can cause issues, both in terms of the performance of MySQL and the virus-scanning software misidentifying the contents of the files as containing spam. This is due to the fingerprinting mechanism used by the virus-scanning software, and the way in which MySQL rapidly updates different files, which may be identified as a potential security risk.
After installing MySQL Server, it is recommended that you disable virus scanning on the main directory (
datadir) used to store your MySQL table data. There is usually a system built into the virus-scanning software to enable specific directories to be ignored.
In addition, by default, MySQL creates temporary files in the standard Windows temporary directory. To prevent the temporary files also being scanned, configure a separate temporary directory for MySQL temporary files and add this directory to the virus scanning exclusion list. To do this, add a configuration option for the
tmpdirparameter to your
my.iniconfiguration file. For more information, see Section 188.8.131.52, “Creating an Option File”.