17.4 Backup Repository Options

These options specify various parameters related to the backup image or directory, or to how the backup will be restored. Typically, --backup-image and --backup-dir are the only options from the group that you need to specify when using mysqlbackup.

The backup repository options are used with the following operations:

The backup repository options are divided into two groups: the first one determines the structure of the backup, and the second one provides information on the original structure of the data on the backed-up server for future operations on the backup.

The following options determine the structure of the backup:

  • --backup-image=IMAGE

    Property Value
    Command-Line Format --backup-image=IMAGE
    Type File name

    Specify the path name of the file used for a single-file backup, restore, or another single-file operation. Note that if --backup-image does not give a full path name, mysqlbackup will actually take the value of --backup-image as a path relative to the directory specified by --backup-dir, and thus store the single-file backup under --backup-dir (or, if the --with-timestamp option is used, under a subdirectory created under --backup-dir that bears the timestamp in its name).

    By default, the single-file backup is streamed to standard output, so that you can pipe it directly to other commands such as a tape backup or an ssh-related network command.

    You can optionally prefix the image name with file: to signify a file I/O (the default). For tape backups, prefix the image name with sbt:. See Section 4.3.1.2, “Backing Up to Tape” for details about tape backups.

  • --backup_dir=PATH

    Same as --backup-dir. The backup directory under which the backup data and metadata are stored, permanently or temporarily. It is a crucial parameter required for most kinds of backup and restore operations.

    The option is used differently for different operations and under different situations:

    • For backup to a single file (including incremental, compressed, encrypted, and cloud backups): Use --backup-dir to supply a temporary folder to save the backup metadata (including the mysqlbackup message log, the start and end LSN, and so on) and some temporary output. The backup data, together with a copy of the metadata, will be stored in a singe file whose name is specified with the --backup-image option. Note that, however, if --backup-image does not give a full path name, mysqlbackup will actually take the value of --backup-image as a path relative to the directory specified by --backup-dir, and thus store the single-file backup under --backup-dir (or, if the --with-timestamp option is used, under a subdirectory created under --backup-dir, which bears the timestamp in its name).

    • For backup to a directory: Use --backup-dir to specify the directory to store the backup data and metadata (including the mysqlbackup message log, the start and end LSN, and so on). The directory specified by --backup-dir cannot be a subdirectory of the directory specified by --datadir.

      When the --with-timestamp option is also specified, an additional level of subdirectory, with the timestamp in its name, is created under --backup-dir (see description for the --with-timestamp option for details). Unless the --with-timestamp option is used, the directory specified by --backup-dir must be empty, or the backup operation will fail with an error.

    • For restoring a single-file backup (including incremental, compressed, encrypted, and cloud backups): When using copy-back-and-apply-log to restore a single-file backup, use --backup-dir to supply a temporary folder to store the temporary data of the restore operation. The directory specified by --backup-dir should be empty—if a non-empty directory is used, the restore operation will still be carried out, but the restore data might be corrupted.

      When restoring a single-file backup created with the option setting use-tts=with-minimum-locking, the folder specified with --backup-dir is also used for extracting temporarily all the tables in the backup and for performing an apply-log operation to make the data up-to-date before restoring them to the server's data directory.

      For restoring an incremental backup to a single-file, you can use --incremental-backup-dir for the same purpose.

    • For restoring a backup directory: Use --backup-dir to specify the location of the backup directory, from which data will be restored to the server.

  • backup_innodb_data_home_dir=PATH

    The directory under which the backup's InnoDB data files are to be stored. Specify the option if you want to put the data files at somewhere other than the default location (which is backup-dir/datadir). If the value of the parameter is different from backup-dir/datadir, it is stored into the backup-my.cnf file as innodb_data_home_dir for information, so that mysqlbackup can understand the structure of the backup when it performs various operations on the backup. Together with the backup_innodb_data_file_path option, it determines the actual file paths of the InnoDB data files inside the backup.

    The value for the parameter is derived as follows:

    This parameter is applicable only for backup operations; during a restore, the InnoDB data files are restored under the data directory specified by --datadir, unless another location is specified using the --innodb_data_home_dir option during restore.

  • backup_innodb_data_file_path=VALUE

    The InnoDB data file names and sizes. Examples:

    ibdata1:32M;ibdata2:32M:autoextend
    /abs/path/ibdata1:32M:autoextend
    innodb-dir/ibdata1:32M:autoextend

    This parameter, together with backup_innodb_data_home_dir, determines where the InnoDB data files are stored within the backup repository. Any file path specified with this option is taken to be relative to the value of the backup_innodb_data_home_dir option (that is true even if the file path is specified in the form of an absolute path, like /abs/path/ibdata1:32M:autoextend). To specify truly absolute paths for InnoDB data files in the backup with this option, you must set the backup_innodb_data_home_dir option to "" [empty string], in addition to using an absolute path for this option.

    When the parameter is not specified, it inherits the value from the value of the innodb_data_file_path option on the backed-up server. If both the source and destination of the backup attempt to use the same absolute paths that resolves to the same files, the backup is cancelled.

    The value of the parameter is stored into the backup-my.cnf file as innodb_data_file_path for information, so that mysqlbackup can understand the structure of the backup when it performs various operations on the backup.

  • backup_innodb_log_group_home_dir=PATH

    The directory under which the backup's InnoDB logs will be stored. Specify this option only if you want to put the logs at somewhere other than the default location (which is backup-dir/datadir). If the value of the parameter is different from backup-dir/datadir, it is stored in the backup-my.cnf file as innodb_log_group_home_dir for information, so that mysqlbackup can understand the structure of the backup when it performs various operations on the backup. Note that while you can specify a directory for saving the logs, the names of the log files are fixed and not reconfigurable by this option.

    This parameter is applicable only for backup operations; during a restore, the InnoDB log files are restored under the data directory specified by --datadir, unless another location is specified using the --innodb_log_group_home_dir option during restore. The value of the parameter is derived as follows:

  • backup_innodb_undo_directory=PATH

    The relative or absolute directory path where separate tablespaces are created for the InnoDB undo logs during the backup. When unspecified, the option takes up the same value as backup_innodb_log_group_home_dir; specify this option only if you want to put the undo logs at some other location. If the value of the parameter is different from backup-dir/datadir, it is stored in the backup-my.cnf file as innodb_undo_directory for information, so that mysqlbackup can understand the structure of the backup when it performs various operations on the backup.

    This parameter is applicable only for backup operations; during a restore, the InnoDB undo log tablespaces are restored under the data directory specified by --datadir, unless another location is specified by the --innodb_undo_directory option during restore.

  • --with-timestamp

    Creates a subdirectory underneath the backup directory, with a name formed with the timestamp of the backup operation. It is useful for maintaining a single backup directory containing many backup snapshots put under different subdirectories.

    Default: no timestamped subdirectory is created. To reuse the same backup directory for a new backup without using this option, either remove the previous backup files manually or, for a single-file backup, specify the --force option to overwrite the old backup file.


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