- 18.104.22.168 Installing MySQL Enterprise Audit
- 22.214.171.124 MySQL Enterprise Audit Security Considerations
- 126.96.36.199 Audit Log File Formats
- 188.8.131.52 Audit Log Logging Control
- 184.108.40.206 Audit Log Filtering
- 220.127.116.11 Audit Log Option and Variable Reference
- 18.104.22.168 Audit Log Options and System Variables
- 22.214.171.124 Audit Log Restrictions
MySQL Enterprise Audit is an extension included in MySQL Enterprise Edition, a commercial product. To learn more about commercial products, see https://www.mysql.com/products/.
As of MySQL 5.5.28, MySQL Enterprise Edition includes MySQL Enterprise Audit, implemented using a
server plugin named
audit_log. MySQL Enterprise Audit uses
the open MySQL Audit API to enable standard, policy-based
monitoring and logging of connection and query activity executed
on specific MySQL servers. Designed to meet the Oracle audit
specification, MySQL Enterprise Audit provides an out of box, easy to use
auditing and compliance solution for applications that are
governed by both internal and external regulatory guidelines.
When installed, the audit plugin enables MySQL Server to produce a log file containing an audit record of server activity. The log contents include when clients connect and disconnect, and what actions they perform while connected, such as which databases and tables they access.
After you install the plugin (see
Section 126.96.36.199, “Installing MySQL Enterprise Audit”), it writes an audit log
file. By default, the file is named
in the server data directory. To change the name of the file, set
variable at server startup.
Audit log file contents are not encrypted. See Section 188.8.131.52, “MySQL Enterprise Audit Security Considerations”.
The audit log file is written in XML, with auditable events
<AUDIT_RECORD> elements. To
select the file format, set the
audit_log_format system variable
at server startup. For details on file format and contents, see
Section 184.108.40.206, “Audit Log File Formats”.
To control what information the audit log plugin writes to its log
file, set the
system variable. By default, this variable is set to
ALL (write all auditable events), but also
permits values of
QUERIES to log only login or query events, or
NONE to disable logging.
For more information about controlling how logging occurs, see Section 220.127.116.11, “Audit Log Logging Control”. For descriptions of the parameters used to configure the audit log plugin, see Section 18.104.22.168, “Audit Log Options and System Variables”.
If the audit log plugin is enabled, the Performance Schema (see Chapter 22, MySQL Performance Schema) has instrumentation for it. To identify the relevant instruments, use this query:
SELECT NAME FROM performance_schema.setup_instruments WHERE NAME LIKE '%/alog/%';
Several changes were made to the audit log plugin in MySQL 5.5.34 for better compatibility with Oracle Audit Vault.
MySQL 5.7 changed audit log file output to a new format. This
format has been backported to MySQL 5.5 and it is
possible to select either the old or new format using the
audit_log_format system variable,
which has permitted values of
OLD). The two
formats differ as follows:
<AUDIT_RECORD>elements written in the old format using attributes is written in the new format using subelements.
The new format includes more information in
<AUDIT_RECORD>elements. Every element includes a
RECORD_IDvalue providing a unique identifier. The
TIMESTAMPvalue includes time zone information. Query records include
USERinformation, as well as
Example of old
<AUDIT_RECORD TIMESTAMP="2013-09-15T15:27:27" NAME="Query" CONNECTION_ID="3" STATUS="0" SQLTEXT="SELECT 1" />
Example of new
<AUDIT_RECORD> <TIMESTAMP>2013-09-15T15:27:27 UTC</TIMESTAMP> <RECORD_ID>3998_2013-09-15T15:27:27</RECORD_ID> <NAME>Query</NAME> <CONNECTION_ID>3</CONNECTION_ID> <STATUS>0</STATUS> <STATUS_CODE>0</STATUS_CODE> <USER>root[root] @ localhost [127.0.0.1]</USER> <OS_LOGIN></OS_LOGIN> <HOST>localhost</HOST> <IP>127.0.0.1</IP> <COMMAND_CLASS>select</COMMAND_CLASS> <SQLTEXT>SELECT 1</SQLTEXT> </AUDIT_RECORD>
When the audit log plugin rotates the audit log file, it uses a
different file name format. For a log file named
audit.log, the plugin previously renamed the
The plugin now renames the file to
to indicate that it is an XML file.
If you change the value of
audit_log_format, use this
procedure to avoid writing log entries in one format to an
existing log file that contains entries in a different format:
Stop the server.
Rename the current audit log file manually.
Restart the server with the new value of
audit_log_format. The audit log plugin will create a new log file, which will contain log entries in the selected format.
The API for writing audit plugins has also changed. The
mysql_event_general structure has new members
to represent client host name and IP address, command class, and
external user. For more information, see
Section 22.214.171.124, “Writing Audit Plugins”.