Documentation Home
MySQL Enterprise Backup 3.12 User's Guide
Related Documentation Download this Manual
PDF (US Ltr) - 1.2Mb
PDF (A4) - 1.2Mb
HTML Download (TGZ) - 177.4Kb
HTML Download (Zip) - 202.9Kb


11.3 Using the MySQL Enterprise Backup Logs

Besides the message output of MySQL Enterprise Backup to the stderr stream and the log file, progress and history of each backup are also logged into the mysql.backup_progress and mysql.backup_history tables on the backed-up servers (to skip updating the two tables, use the --no-history-logging option with the backup command).

backup_progress Table

Each row in the backup_progress table records a state change or message from a running backup job. The backup_progress table has the following columns:

mysql> DESCRIBE mysql.backup_progress;
+---------------+---------------+------+-----+-------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| Field         | Type          | Null | Key | Default           | Extra                                         |
+---------------+---------------+------+-----+-------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| backup_id     | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL              |                                               |
| tool_name     | varchar(4096) | NO   |     | NULL              |                                               |
| error_code    | int(11)       | NO   |     | NULL              |                                               |
| error_message | varchar(4096) | NO   |     | NULL              |                                               |
| current_time  | timestamp     | NO   |     | CURRENT_TIMESTAMP | DEFAULT_GENERATED on update CURRENT_TIMESTAMP |
| current_state | varchar(200)  | NO   |     | NULL              |                                               |
+---------------+---------------+------+-----+-------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
6 rows in set (0.00 sec)

The backup_progress table is in CSV format. You can query the table with the mysql client, or parse the corresponding .CSV file with an application or script.

Here are some ways to make use of the information in the backup_progress table:

  • Use the backup_id value to query all the information for different stages of a single backup operation, and to find the corresponding row in the backup_history table for the same backup (the row is written to the backup_history table only after the backup is finished).

  • Use the error_code and error_message values to track any errors that have occurred, and to see if the backup operation should be terminated because of any serious errors.

  • Use the current_time and current_state values to track the progress of the operation. They also allow you to measure how long each stage of the backup takes, which helps you plan for your future backups.

backup_history Table

Each row in the backup_history table records the details of one completed backup produced by a mysqlbackup command. The backup_history table has the following columns:

mysql> DESCRIBE mysql.backup_history;
+---------------------------+---------------+------+-----+---------------------+-------+
| Field                     | Type          | Null | Key | Default             | Extra |
+---------------------------+---------------+------+-----+---------------------+-------+
| backup_id                 | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| tool_name                 | varchar(4096) | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| start_time                | timestamp     | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |       |
| end_time                  | timestamp     | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |       |
| binlog_pos                | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| binlog_file               | varchar(255)  | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| compression_level         | int(11)       | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| engines                   | varchar(100)  | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| innodb_data_file_path     | varchar(2048) | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| innodb_file_format        | varchar(100)  | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| start_lsn                 | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| end_lsn                   | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| incremental_base_lsn      | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| backup_type               | varchar(50)   | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| backup_format             | varchar(50)   | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| mysql_data_dir            | varchar(2048) | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| innodb_data_home_dir      | varchar(2048) | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| innodb_log_group_home_dir | varchar(2048) | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| innodb_log_files_in_group | varchar(100)  | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| innodb_log_file_size      | varchar(100)  | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| backup_destination        | varchar(4096) | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| lock_time                 | double(7,3)   | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| exit_state                | varchar(10)   | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| last_error                | varchar(4096) | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| last_error_code           | int(11)       | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| start_time_utc            | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| end_time_utc              | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| consistency_time_utc      | bigint(20)    | NO   |     | NULL                |       |
| meb_version               | varchar(20)   | NO   |     | 0.0.0               |       |
+---------------------------+---------------+------+-----+---------------------+-------+
29 rows in set (0.00 sec)
Warning

Because a successful backup is always recorded as such in the backup_history table, a failure in the apply-log phase of a backup-and-apply-log command is not reflected in the backup_history table. It is always important to check the output of mysqlbackup to see if an operation is completed fully without an error.

Here is information on some columns of the backup_history table, and some ways to make use of the information:

  • The tool_name column records the full mysqlbackup command that triggers the backup, including all the options used.

  • You can use the end_lsn value of your latest backup as the starting LSN value for you next incremental backup by specifying it with the --start-lsn option. (An alternative to specifying the start LSN value for an incremental backup is to use the --incremental-base option).

  • The binlog_pos column gives the position of the binary log up to where log events have been covered by the backup. Because the backup_history table used to be in the CSV format, which cannot register NULL values directly, if binary logging is not enabled, a value of -1 is entered into the column; the same applies to other columns for the logging of NULL values.

  • The value for backup_type is one of FULL, PARTIAL, INCREMENTAL, or TTS.

  • The value for backup_format is one of IMAGE (for single-file backups) or DIRECTORY (for directory backups).

  • Use the values that show the backup's settings such as mysql_data_dir, innodb_data_home_dir, and backup_destination to confirm that the backups are using the right source and destination directories.

  • The value for exit_state is either SUCCESS or FAILURE. If the exit_state is SUCCESS and last_error is 'NO_ERROR', the backup operation has been successful; when it is not the case, see last_error and last_error_code for the latest error of the operation. To retrieve the full list of errors for that backup operation, go to the backup_progress table.