Extending MySQL 8.4  /  ...  /  Writing Daemon Plugins

4.4.5 Writing Daemon Plugins

A daemon plugin is a simple type of plugin used for code that should be run by the server but that does not communicate with it. This section describes how to write a daemon server plugin, using the example plugin found in the plugin/daemon_example directory of MySQL source distributions. That directory contains the daemon_example.cc source file for a daemon plugin named daemon_example that writes a heartbeat string at regular intervals to a file named mysql-heartbeat.log in the data directory.

To write a daemon plugin, include the following header file in the plugin source file. Other MySQL or general header files might also be needed, depending on the plugin capabilities and requirements.

#include <mysql/plugin.h>

plugin.h defines the MYSQL_DAEMON_PLUGIN server plugin type and the data structures needed to declare the plugin.

The daemon_example.cc file sets up the library descriptor as follows. The library descriptor includes a single general server plugin descriptor.

  "Brian Aker",
  "Daemon example, creates a heartbeat beat file in mysql-heartbeat.log",
  daemon_example_plugin_init, /* Plugin Init */
  daemon_example_plugin_deinit, /* Plugin Deinit */
  0x0100 /* 1.0 */,
  NULL,                       /* status variables                */
  NULL,                       /* system variables                */
  NULL,                       /* config options                  */
  0,                          /* flags                           */

The name member (daemon_example) indicates the name to use for references to the plugin in statements such as INSTALL PLUGIN or UNINSTALL PLUGIN. This is also the name displayed by SHOW PLUGINS or INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PLUGINS.

The second member of the plugin descriptor, daemon_example_plugin, points to the type-specific daemon plugin descriptor. This structure consists only of the type-specific API version number:

struct st_mysql_daemon daemon_example_plugin=

The type-specific structure has no interface functions. There is no communication between the server and the plugin, except that the server calls the initialization and deinitialization functions from the general plugin descriptor to start and stop the plugin:

  • daemon_example_plugin_init() opens the heartbeat file and spawns a thread that wakes up periodically and writes the next message to the file.

  • daemon_example_plugin_deinit() closes the file and performs other cleanup.

To compile and install a plugin library file, use the instructions in Section 4.4.3, “Compiling and Installing Plugin Libraries”. To make the library file available for use, install it in the plugin directory (the directory named by the plugin_dir system variable). For the daemon_example plugin, it is compiled and installed when you build MySQL from source. It is also included in binary distributions. The build process produces a shared object library with a name of libdaemon_example.so (the .so suffix might differ depending on your platform).

To use the plugin, register it with the server. For example, to register the plugin at runtime, use this statement, adjusting the .so suffix for your platform as necessary:

INSTALL PLUGIN daemon_example SONAME 'libdaemon_example.so';

For additional information about plugin loading, see Installing and Uninstalling Plugins.

To verify plugin installation, examine the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PLUGINS table or use the SHOW PLUGINS statement. See Obtaining Server Plugin Information.

While the plugin is loaded, it writes a heartbeat string at regular intervals to a file named mysql-heartbeat.log in the data directory. This file grows without limit, so after you have satistifed yourself that the plugin operates correctly, unload it:

UNINSTALL PLUGIN daemon_example;