WL#7220: Spatial Relation Check Functions
Implement MySQL GIS relation check functions using boost geometry. Gis features are more and more powerful, important and pervasive in RDBMS products, and MySQL GIS needs extensive improvements in terms of functionality, reliablity and performance. We want to achive this by replacing the home grown gis computation core with boost geometry, just like PostGIS is using GEOS, so that we have all features boost geometry can provide. Boost geometry is more powerful and robust and keeps growing, we will grow with it.
F-1: Usage or data format shall not change, existing user code shall need no change at all. F-2: Some type combinations which were not supported before will be supported, specifically these are supported now: within(point, point) within(point, multipoint) within(multipoint, point) within(multipoint, multipoint) within(multipoint, polygon) within(multipoint, multipolygon) intersects(point, multipoint) intersects(multipoint, point) intersects(multipoint, multipoint) intersects(multipoint, polygon) intersects(multipoint, multipolygon) intersects(linestring, multilinestring) intersects(multilinestring, linestring) intersects(multilinestring, multilinestring) intersects(polygon, multipoint) intersects(multipolygon, multipoint) equals(point, multipoint) equals(multipoint, multipoint) equals(multipoint, point) disjoint(point, multipoint) disjoint(multipoint, point) disjoint(multipoint, multipoint) disjoint(multipoint, polygon) disjoint(multipoint, multipolygon) disjoint(linestring, multilinestring) disjoint(multilinestring, multilinestring) disjoint(polygon, multipoint) disjoint(multipolygon, multipoint) cross(multipoint, linestring) cross(multipoint, multilinestring) cross(multipoint, polygon) cross(multipoint, multipolygon) overlaps(multipoint, multipoint) F-3: Calling a relationship checking functions with an unsupported type combination will return NULL result. Unsupported geometries: cross/overlaps/touches with one or both geometry collection argument isn't supported. F-3: Calling a relationship checking functions with an undefined/unapplicable type combination will return false result. Undefined/unapplicable (as defined by OGC) type combinations for each function: overlap: any combination of two argument types of different dimensions. touches: any of the two argument types is point or multipoint. crosses: the 1st argument is polygon or multipolygon, AND/OR the 2nd argument is point or multipoint F-4: Relation checks of two geometries of different srids is always not supported, and client will get error ER_GIS_DIFFERENT_SRIDS, and the error will cause the entire query to fail without producing any result even if only one row has this error. F-5: Max SRID number is 4294967295 (0xFFFFFFFF), if given srid larger than this, the value's lower 4 bytes are used as the srid value (4 bytes unsigned integer). F-6: If input polygon(in the form of WKT or WKB) has unclosed rings, the rings are stored as closed ones by appending the 1st point into the ring's point sequence. Historical data isn't affected or modified because MySQL didn't allow open rings before. F-7: Enable parsing input WKT of an empty geometry collection of this form: GEOMETRYCOLLECTION(),which is also the output WKT of such an empty geometry collection result of a GIS operation. F-8: Enable using empty geometry collection as operand in GIS computations. Don't simply regard empty geometry collection as a NULL value as before --- in string terms an empty string is different from a NULL string value --- otherwise a tree of nested GIS operations couldn't proceed if one intermediate value is an empty collection, which should have been absolutely OK. F-9: Enable parsing and using nested geometry collections of both WKB and WKT, such a collection will be flattened and its basic components will be used in various GIS operations to compute result.
I-1: New files: Need boost library, need to download it in build system, and add it to include directory lists in sql and libmysqld in build system. I-2: No new syntax I-3: No new commands I-4: No new tools. I-5: No impact on existing functionality.
It's notstraight forward to use boost geometry in mysql gis, because 1) it doesn't support geometry collection(OGC defined), 2) Not all 8 standard check functions are fully supported. Currently boost::geometry::overlaps and boost::geometry::crosses is defined but doesn't support any OGC geometry types. Other functions also don't support some type combinations that we need. 3) All the geometry types are separate and independent class templates, no inheritance or polymorphism, and all the algorithm functions are function templates requring geometry type parameters. What we can and will do in this worklog is to reimplement the relation check functions by using boost geometry as much as we can, and fall back to old gis implementation if we can't implement a feature using boost geometry directly or indirectly. And in the future when boost geometry support start to support more type combinations we can easily use it instead. All relation check functions have two parameters, given a pair of argument g1 and g2, for a relation check function, if the type combination is directly supported by boost geometry, simply call the corresponding boost geometry function template instantiated with g1's and g2's geometry types; This is static dispatching --- we have to enumerate all the possible type combinations of g1 and g2, which are supported by each boost geometry relation check function template, and instantiate the function template with the types, and construct the boost geometry objects bg1 and bg2 from g1 and g2, and then call the function with the arguments bg1 and bg2. For the unsupported type combinations, try to indirectly use supported geometry types of boost geometry to do further computing to get the result. Some type combinations can be computed using the supported type combinations, e.g. multipoint INTERSECTS polygon isn't directly supported by boost::geometry::intersects, but we can use point INTERSECTS polygon to compute the result, that is to say, call boost::geometry::intersects
to do the computation. In order to work with existing gis code, we need to keep and use the existing Geometry class and its children classes in existing mysql gis, and use these classes in new implementation, and keep the geometry internal format unchanged, also keep the sql functions GeomFromText/GeomFromWkb's internal result format unchanged. Construct boost geometry objects and call boost geometry algo functions in mysql gis algo functions like Item_func_spatial_rel::val_int and Item_func_spatial_operation::val_str, etc. Following is a complete list of type combinations for each relation check function that are implemented using boost geometry directly or indirectly via further computation: 1. Implemented by direct boost geometry calls within point polygon within point multipolygon intersects point point intersects point polygon intersects point multipolygon intersects linestring linestring intersects polygon point intersects polygon polygon intersects polygon multipolygon intersects multipolygon point intersects multipolygon polygon intersects multipolygon multipolygon touches polygon polygon touches polygon multipolygon touches multipolygon polygon touches multipolygon multipolygon disjoint point point disjoint point polygon disjoint point multipolygon disjoint linestring linestring disjoint polygon point disjoint polygon polygon disjoint polygon multipolygon disjoint multipolygon point disjoint multipolygon polygon disjoint multipolygon multipolygon equals point point equals linestring linestring equals polygon polygon equals polygon multipolygon equals multipolygon polygon equals multipolygon multipolygon 2. Computed type combinations Following is a list of computed type combinations, which are NOT directly supported by boost geometry, but can be computed using the type combinations that boost geometry directly supports. For the symetric functions(intersects, equals, disjoint), code is written without redundancy --- simply swap the two parameters and call the same function again. some functions are of opposite meaning (intersects VS disjoint, and contains VS within), we can achieve by parameter swap too. Geometry collection support is achieved indirectly for within/contains/equals/intersects/disjoint, I won't list the types involving geometry collection here, although they are supported. 2.1 within within(point, point), within(point, multipoint), within(multipoint, point), within(multipoint, multipoint), within(multipoint, polygon), within(multipoint, multipolygon) 2.2 intersects many of these are achived by calling disjoint and negate the return value. intersects(point, multipoint), intersects(multipoint, point), intersects(multipoint, multipoint), intersects(multipoint, polygon), intersects(multipoint, multipolygon), intersects(linestring, multilinestring), intersects(multilinestring, linestring), intersects(multilinestring, multilinestring), intersects(polygon, multipoint), intersects(multipolygon, multipoint) 2.3 touches none 2.4 equals equals(point, multipoint), equals(multipoint, multipoint), equals(multipoint, point) 2.5 disjoint disjoint(point, multipoint), disjoint(multipoint, point), disjoint(multipoint, multipoint), disjoint(multipoint, polygon), disjoint(multipoint, multipolygon), disjoint(linestring, multilinestring), disjoint(multilinestring, multilinestring), disjoint(polygon, multipoint), disjoint(multipolygon, multipoint) 2.6 contains simply call within with swapped arguments, no need for independent implementation. supports the swapped type combinations of all those supported by within. 2.7 crosses cross(multipoint, linestring) cross(multipoint, multilinestring) cross(multipoint, polygon), cross(multipoint, multipolygon), according to the definitions of 'crosses' by OGC, implement above 4 combinations using "point within geometry" relation cheks, other combinations can't be computed, although some of them seem so. Additionally, crosses always simply return false if given any point argument, or both arguments are multipoint. 2.8 overlaps overlaps(multipoint, multipoint), Additionally, always simply returns false if given any point argument or given two geometries of different dimensions.
Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.