WL#6658: Implement update_time for InnoDB tables

Status: Complete

The column INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES.update_time is always NULL for InnoDB
tables. It is supposed to contain the timestamps of last update (or insert or

This functionality has been missing in InnoDB so far and people have been asking

Last update time may be a bit fuzzy when MVCC is considered:

(N., wall clock, SQL command)
1. 13:15 BEGIN;
2. 13:20 UPDATE t1 SET c1=1; (a transaction in InnoDB is started)
3. 13:25 UPDATE t2 SET c2=2;
4. 13:30 COMMIT;

We consider that table t2 was last updated at 13:30, by the commit.

This WL will deal with the in-memory maintenance of update_time
and will have the limitation that the values will be lost when the server is
restarted or the table evicted from the InnoDB data dictionary cache. We would
like to make update_time persistent in follow up work, timeline not decided.
Overview of the changes needed to keep an in-memory timestamps:

* Add a timestamp member to dict_table_t: update_time

* update_time: During commit, see which tables were modified by the
transaction and update their timestamp members (dict_table_t::update_time).

* In ha_innobase::info(), copy the timestamp to the mysql-visible struct.

* In ha_partition::info() aggregate the values and ship the biggest numbers to
the upper layer.

If calling time(3) during each commit turns out to be too expensive, we may use
the timestamp which is already stored in trx->start_time, but then we will
provide the timestamp when the transaction which modified the table started,
13:20 in the above example in "High-Level Description".
A list of tables which were modified by a transaction can be retrieved from the
undo log, something amongst the lines of:
  trx_undo_rec_t* r = trx_undo_get_first_rec(
  trx_undo_rec_get_pars(r, ..., &table_id);

But that would be too slow. A more
effective way is to store the list of modified tables as the undo is created.
Then traversing this list will be quick during transaction commit time.

Add a "list of modified tables" member to each trx_t object. That list would
better not contain duplicate entries so we can use std::set for that purpose.

During trx_undo_report_row_operation() insert the table into the "list of
modified tables" by the current transaction (std::set::insert()).

trx_commit() is also called during rollback (!), so we choose to plant the
update of table->update_time in trx_commit_for_mysql(). There we traverse the
list of modified tables and update each one's dict_table_t::update_time member.

If a table cannot be evicted from the BP while a trx is running on it, then we
can store pointers to dict_table_t object in the list (std::set).
If the table object may be destroyed, then we need to store just
dict_table_t::id in the list (std::set) and during commit, try to
get the table if it is in BP.