WL#5794: Remove THD from Slave class

Affects: Server-Prototype Only   —   Status: Un-Assigned   —   Priority: Medium

This is a step towards making replication a library, such that the 5.6 rpl-lib can 
be plugged into the 5.5 core [WL#5675].

We replace function arguments of type THD* by MYSQL_THD* for all functions the 
Slave class. This is needed because THD is not stable.

We also add functions to core that read any information that Slave needs from 
MYSQL_THD objects.