It was not possible to upgrade a community RPM to a commercial RPM using rpm -uvh or yum localupdate. To deal with this, the RPM spec file has been updated in MySQL 5.5.31, which has the following consequences:
For a non-upgrade installation (no existing MySQL version installed), it is possible to install MySQL using yum.
For upgrades, it is necessary to clean up any earlier MySQL installations. In effect, the update is performed by removing the old installations and installing the new one.
Additional details follow.
For a non-upgrade installation of MySQL 5.5.31, it is possible to install using yum:
shell> yum install MySQL-server-NEWVERSION.glibc23.i386.rpm
For upgrades to MySQL 5.5.31, the upgrade is performed by removing the old installation and installing the new one. To do this, use the following procedure:
Remove the existing 5.5.
OLDVERSIONis the version to remove.
shell> rpm -e MySQL-server-OLDVERSION.glibc23.i386.rpm
Repeat this step for all installed MySQL RPMs.
Install the new version.
NEWVERSIONis the version to install.
shell> rpm -ivh MySQL-server-NEWVERSION.glibc23.i386.rpm
Alternatively, the removal and installation can be done using yum:
shell> yum remove MySQL-server-OLDVERSION.glibc23.i386.rpm shell> yum install MySQL-server-NEWVERSION.glibc23.i386.rpm
(Bug #16445097, Bug #16445125, Bug #16587285)
MySQL no longer uses the default OpenSSL compression. (Bug #16235681)
Incompatible Change; Partitioning: Changes in the
KEYpartitioning hashing functions used with numeric, date and time,
SETcolumns in MySQL 5.5 makes tables using partitioning or subpartitioning by
KEYon any of the affected column types and created on a MySQL 5.5 or later server incompatible with a MySQL 5.1 server. This is because the partition IDs as calculated by a MySQL 5.5 or later server almost certainly differ from those calculated by a MySQL 5.1 server for the same table definition and data as a result of the changes in these functions.
The principal changes in the
KEYpartitioning implementation in MySQL 5.5 resulting in this issue were as follows: 1. The hash function used for numeric and date and time columns changed from binary to character-based. 2. The base used for hashing of
SETcolumns changed from
latin1 cicharacters to binary.
The fix involves adding the capability in MySQL 5.5 and later to choose which type of hashing to use for
KEYpartitioning, which is implemented with a new
ALGORITHMextension to the
PARTITION BY KEYoption for
ALTER TABLE. Specifying
PARTITION BY KEY ALGORITHM=1 ([causes the server to use the hashing functions as implemented in MySQL 5.1; using
ALGORITHM=2causes the server to use the hashing functions from MySQL 5.5 and later.
ALGORITHM=2is the default. Using the appropriate value for
ALGORITHM, you can perform any of the following tasks:
KEYpartitioned tables in MySQL 5.5 and later that are compatible with MySQL 5.1, using
CREATE TABLE ... PARTITION BY KEY ALGORITHM=1 (...).
KEYpartitioned tables that were created in MySQL 5.5 or later to become compatible with MySQL 5.1, using
ALTER TABLE ... PARTITION BY KEY ALGORITHM=1 (...).
KEYpartitioned tables originally created in MySQL 5.1 to use hashing as in MySQL 5.5 and later, using
ALTER TABLE ... PARTITION BY KEY ALGORITHM=2 (...).
Important: After such tables are upgraded, they cannot be used any longer with MySQL 5.1 unless they are first downgraded again using
ALTER TABLE ... PARTITION BY KEY ALGORITHM=1 (...)on a MySQL server supporting this option.
This syntax is not backward compatible, and causes errors in older versions of the MySQL server. When generating
CREATE TABLE ... PARTITION BY KEYstatements, mysqldump brackets any occurrence of
ALGORITHM=2in conditional comments such that it is ignored by a MySQL server whose version is not at least 5.5.31. An additional consideration for upgrades is that MySQL 5.6 servers prior to MySQL 5.6.11 do not ignore the
ALGORITHMoption in such statements when generated by a MySQL 5.5 server, due to the that the conditional comments refer to version 5.5.31; in this case, you must edit the dump manually and remove or comment out the option wherever it occurs before attempting to load it into a MySQL 5.6.10 or earlier MySQL 5.6 server. This is not an issue for dumps generated by MySQL 5.6.11 or later version of mysqldump, where the version used in such comments is 5.6.11. For more information, see ALTER TABLE Partition Operations.
As part of this fix, a spurious assertion by
InnoDBthat a deleted row had previously been read, causing the server to assert on delete of a row that the row was in the wrong partition, was also removed. (Bug #14521864, Bug #66462, Bug #16093958, Bug #16274455)
References: See also: Bug #11759782.
Important Note; Replication: Using row-based logging to replicate from a table to a same-named view led to a failure on the slave. Now, when using row-based logging, the target object type is checked prior to performing any DML, and an error is given if the target on the slave is not actually a table.Note
It remains possible to replicate from a table to a same-named view using statement-based logging.
(Bug #11752707, Bug #43975)
Performance; InnoDB: Performance was improved for operations on tables with many rows that were deleted but not yet purged. The speedup applies mainly to workloads that perform bulk deletes, or updates to the primary key columns, and where the system is busy enough to experience purge lag. (Bug #16138582, Bug #68069)
Performance; InnoDB: The
DROP TABLEstatement for a table using compression could be slower than necessary, causing a stall for several seconds. MySQL was unnecessarily decompressing pages in the buffer pool related to the table as part of the
DROPoperation. (Bug #16067973)
InnoDB: Crash recovery failed with a
!recv_no_log_writeassertion when reading a page. (Bug #16405422)
InnoDBtables, if a
PRIMARY KEYon a
VARCHARcolumn (or prefix) was empty, index page compression could fail. (Bug #16400920)
RENAME TABLEwould result in a hang due to a MySQL mutex acquisition deadlock. (Bug #16305265)
InnoDB: For debug builds,
InnoDBstatus exporting was subject to a race condition that could cause a server exit. (Bug #16292043)
InnoDB: InnoDB now aborts execution on Windows by calling the
abort()function directly, as it does on other platforms. (Bug #16263506)
InnoDB: Internal read operations could be misclassified as synchronous when they were actually asynchronous. When the I/O requests returned sooner than expected, threads could be scheduled inefficiently. This issue mainly affected read-ahead requests, and thus had relatively little impact on I/O performed by user queries. (Bug #16249505, Bug #68197)
InnoDB: If the MySQL server halted at a precise moment when a purge operation was being applied from the change buffer, the operation could be incorrectly performed again during the next restart. A workaround was to set the configuration option
innodb_change_buffering=changes, to turn off change buffering for purge operations. (Bug #16183892, Bug #14636528)
InnoDB: Arithmetic underflow during page compression for
CREATE TABLEon an
InnoDBtable could cause a server exit. (Bug #16089381)
InnoDB: If the server was started with the
InnoDBotherwise failed to start, query any of these Information Schema tables would cause a severe error:
InnoDB: When printing out long semaphore wait diagnostics,
sync_array_cell_print()ran into a segmentation violation (SEGV) caused by a race condition. This fix addresses the race condition by allowing the cell to be freed while it is being printed. (Bug #13997024)
InnoDB: Killing a query caused an InnoDB assertion failure when the same table (cursor) instance was used again. This is the result of a regression error introduced by the fix for Bug#14704286. The fix introduced a check to handle kill signals for long running queries but the cursor was not restored to the proper state. (Bug #68051, Bug #16088883)
InnoDB: The length of internally generated foreign key names was not checked. If internally generated foreign key names were over the 64 character limit, this resulted in invalid DDL from
SHOW CREATE TABLE. This fix checks the length of internally generated foreign key names and reports an error message if the limit is exceeded. (Bug #44541, Bug #11753153)
Partitioning: A query on a table partitioned by range and using
TO_DAYS()as a partitioing function always included the first partition of the table when pruning. This happened regardless of the range employed in the
BETWEENclause of such a query. (Bug #15843818, Bug #49754)
Partitioning: Execution of
ALTER TABLE ... DROP PARTITIONagainst a view caused the server to crash, rather than fail with an error as expected. (Bug #14653504)
Replication: A zero-length name for a user variable (such as
@``) was incorrectly considered to be a sign of data or network corruption when reading from the binary log. (Bug #16200555, Bug #68135)
Replication: Backtick (
`) characters were not always handled correctly in internally generated SQL statements, which could sometimes lead to errors on the slave. (Bug #16084594, Bug #68045)
References: This issue is a regression of: Bug #14548159, Bug #66550.
Replication: Using the
--replicate-*options (see Replication Slave Options and Variables) could in some cases lead to a memory leak on the slave. (Bug #16056813, Bug #67983)
Replication: It was possible in certain cases—immediately after detecting an EOF in the dump thread read event loop, and before deciding whether to change to a new binary log file—for new events to be written to the binary log before this decision was made. If log rotation occurred at this time, any events that occurred following EOF detection were dropped, resulting in loss of data. Now in such cases, steps are taken to make sure that all events are processed before allowing the log rotation to take place. (Bug #13545447, Bug #67929)
References: See also: Bug #16016886.
Microsoft Windows: On Microsoft Windows, the MSI package would now allow a license switch (community to or from the commercial edition) when the switched MySQL Server versions were identical. (Bug #13071597)
SHOW ENGINE PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA STATUScould report incorrect memory-allocation values when the correct values exceeded 4GB. (Bug #16414644)
The server could exit if a prepared statement attempted to create a table using the name of an existing view while an SQL handler was opened. (Bug #16385711)
A long database name in a
GRANTstatement could cause the server to exit. (Bug #16372927)
On Linux, a race condition involving
epoll()could cause the thread pool plugin to miss events. This was most likely on systems with greater than 16 cores. (Bug #16367483)
Incorrect results were returned if a query contained a subquery in an
INclause which contained an
XORoperation in the
WHEREclause. (Bug #16311231)
For upgrade operations, RPM packages produced unnecessary errors about being unable to access
.errfiles. (Bug #16235828)
yaSSL did not perform proper padding checks, but instead examined only the last byte of cleartext and used it to determine how many bytes to remove. (Bug #16218104)
Invocation of the range optimizer for a
NULLselect caused the server to exit. (Bug #16192219)
With the thread pool plugin enabled, large numbers of connections could lead to a Valgrind panic or failure of clients to be able to connect. (Bug #16088658, Bug #16196591)
testdatabase contained a
dummy.bakfile that prevented
DROP DATABASEfrom working. This file is no longer included. Also, a
db.optfile is now included that contains these lines:
PREPAREstatement using certain combinations of stored functions and user variables caused the server to exit. (Bug #16056537)
Setting a system variable to
DEFAULTcould cause the server to exit. (Bug #16044655)
When a partition is missing, code in
ha_innodb.ccwould retry 10 times and sleep for a microsecond each time while holding
LOCK_open. The retry logic for partitioned tables was introduced as a fix for Bug#33349 but did not include a test case to validate it. This fix removes the retry logic for partitioned tables. If the problem reported in Bug#33349 reappears, a different solution will be explored. (Bug #15973904)
Contention in the thread pool during kill processing could lead to a Valgrind panic. (Bug #15921866)
The MSI Installer installed MySQL in “per-user” mode, which could result in conflicts or failure to detect an existing installation if two users installed MySQL on the same machine. Now the MSI Installer uses “per-machine” installation mode. (Bug #14711808)
When a client program loses the connection to the MySQL server or if the server begins a shutdown after the client has executed
mysql_stmt_prepare(), the next
mysql_stmt_prepare()returns an error (as expected) but subsequent
mysql_stmt_execute()calls crash the client. (Bug #14553380)
LIKEpattern with too many
'%'wildcards could cause a segmentation fault. (Bug #14303860)
SETcould cause the server to exit. This syntax is now prohibited because in
SETcontext there is no column name and the statement returns
ER_BAD_FIELD_ERROR. (Bug #14211565)
COM_CHANGE_USERcommand in the client/server protocol did not properly use the character set number in the command packet, leading to incorrect character set conversion of other values in the packet. (Bug #14163155)
OUTER JOINcould return incorrect results if the subquery referred to a column from another
SELECT. (Bug #13068506)
mysql_install_db did not escape
'_'in the host name for statements written to the grant tables. (Bug #11746817)
CMake did not check whether the system
zlibhad certain functions required for MySQL, resulting in build errors. Now it checks and falls back to the bundled
zlibif the functions are missing. (Bug #65856, Bug #14300733)
If a dump file contained a view with one character set and collation defined on a view with a different character set and collation, attempts to restore the dump file failed with an “illegal mix of collations” error. (Bug #65382, Bug #14117025)
Incorrect metadata could be produced for columns returned from some views. (Bug #65379, Bug #14096619)
For debug builds, some queries with
SELECT ... FROM DUALnested subqueries raised an assertion. (Bug #60305, Bug #11827369)
An out-of-memory condition could occur while handling an out-of-memory error, leading to recursion in error handling. (Bug #49514, Bug #11757464)
REPLACE()function produced incorrect results when a user variable was supplied as an argument and the operation was performed on multiple rows. (Bug #49271, Bug #11757250)
max_connectionsto a value less than the current number of open connections caused the server to exit. (Bug #44100, Bug #11752803)
The optimizer used loose index scan for some queries for which this access method is inapplicable. (Bug #42785, Bug #11751794)
View access in low memory conditions could raise a debugging assertion. (Bug #39307, Bug #11749556)