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MySQL 5.5 Release Notes  /  Changes in MySQL 5.5.21 (2012-02-17, General Availability)

Changes in MySQL 5.5.21 (2012-02-17, General Availability)

Functionality Added or Changed

  • OS X; Microsoft Windows: A new CMake option, MYSQL_PROJECT_NAME, can be set on Windows or OS X to be used in the project name. (Bug #13551687)

  • New utf8_general_mysql500_ci and ucs2_general_mysql500_ci collations have been added that preserve the behavior of utf8_general_ci and ucs2_general_ci from versions of MySQL previous to 5.1.24. Bug #27877 corrected an error in the original collations but introduced an incompatibility for columns that contain German 'ß' LATIN SMALL LETTER SHARP S. (As a result of the fix, that character compares equal to characters with which it previously compared different.) A symptom of the problem after upgrading to MySQL 5.1.24 or newer from a version older than 5.1.24 is that CHECK TABLE produces this error:

    Table upgrade required.
    Please do "REPAIR TABLE `t`" or dump/reload to fix it!

    Unfortunately, REPAIR TABLE could not fix the problem. The new collations permit older tables created before MySQL 5.1.24 to be upgraded to current versions of MySQL.

    To convert an affected table after a binary upgrade that leaves the table files in place, alter the table to use the new collation. Suppose that the table t1 contains one or more problematic utf8 columns. To convert the table at the table level, use a statement like this:

    CONVERT TO CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_mysql500_ci;

    To apply the change on a column-specific basis, use a statement like this (be sure to repeat the column definition as originally specified except for the COLLATE clause):

    MODIFY c1 CHAR(N) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_mysql500_ci;

    To upgrade the table using a dump and reload procedure, dump the table using mysqldump, modify the CREATE TABLE statement in the dump file to use the new collation, and reload the table.

    After making the appropriate changes, CHECK TABLE should report no error. (Bug #43593, Bug #11752408)

    References: See also: Bug #27877.

Bugs Fixed

  • Incompatible Change: An earlier change (in MySQL 5.1.59 and 5.5.16) was found to modify date-handling behavior in General Availability-status series (MySQL 5.1 and 5.5). This change has been reverted.

    The change was that several functions became more strict when passed a DATE() function value as their argument, thus they rejected incomplete dates with a day part of zero. These functions were affected: CONVERT_TZ(), DATE_ADD(), DATE_SUB(), DAYOFYEAR(), LAST_DAY(), TIMESTAMPDIFF(), TO_DAYS(), TO_SECONDS(), WEEK(), WEEKDAY(), WEEKOFYEAR(), YEARWEEK(). The previous behavior has been restored. (Bug #13458237)

  • Performance; InnoDB: Memory allocation for InnoDB tables was reorganized to reduce the memory overhead for large numbers of tables or partitions, avoiding situations where the resident set size could grow regardless of FLUSH TABLES statements. The problem was most evident for tables with large row size. Some of the memory that was formerly allocated for every open table is now allocated only when the table is modified for the first time. (Bug #11764622, Bug #57480)

  • InnoDB: A Valgrind error was fixed in the function os_aio_init(). (Bug #13612811)

  • InnoDB: The server could crash when creating an InnoDB temporary table under Linux, if the $TMPDIR setting points to a tmpfs filesystem and innodb_use_native_aio is enabled, as it is by default in MySQL 5.5.4 and higher. The entry in the error log looked like:

    101123  2:10:59  InnoDB: Operating system error number 22 in a file operation.
    InnoDB: Error number 22 means 'Invalid argument'.

    The crash occurred because asynchronous I/O is not supported on tmpfs in some Linux kernel versions. The workaround was to turn off the innodb_use_native_aio setting or use a different temporary directory. The fix causes InnoDB to turn off the innodb_use_native_aio setting automatically if it detects that the temporary file directory does not support asynchronous I/O. (Bug #13593888, Bug #11765450, Bug #58421)

  • InnoDB: References to C preprocessor symbols and macros HAVE_purify, UNIV_INIT_MEM_TO_ZERO, and UNIV_SET_MEM_TO_ZERO were removed from the InnoDB source code. They were only used in debug builds instrumented for Valgrind. They are replaced by calls to the UNIV_MEM_INVALID() macro. (Bug #13418934)

  • InnoDB: The MySQL server could halt with an assertion error:

    InnoDB: Failing assertion: page_get_n_recs(page) > 1

    Subsequent restarts could fail with the same error. The error occurred during a purge operation involving the InnoDB change buffer. The workaround was to set the configuration option innodb_change_buffering=inserts. (Bug #13413535, Bug #61104)

  • InnoDB: With 1024 concurrent InnoDB transactions running concurrently and the innodb_file_per_table setting enabled, a CREATE TABLE operation for an InnoDB table could fail. The .ibd file from the failed CREATE TABLE was left behind, preventing the table from being created later, after the load had dropped.

    The fix adds error handling to delete the erroneous .ibd file. This error was less likely to occur in MySQL 5.5 and 5.6, because raising the number of InnoDB undo slots increased the number of simultaneous transactions needed to trigger the bug, from 1K to 128K. (Bug #12400341)

  • InnoDB: When copying a partitioned InnoDB table from a Linux system to a Windows system, you could encounter this error:

    101115 14:19:53 [ERROR] Table .\test\d has no primary key in InnoDB data
    dictionary, but has one in MySQL!

    Normally, the solution to copy InnoDB tables from Linux to Windows is to create the tables on Linux with the lower_case_table_names option enabled. Partitioned tables, with #P# appended to the filename, were not covered by that solution. (Bug #11765438, Bug #58406)

  • Replication: Executing mysqlbinlog with the --start-position=N option, where N was equal either to 0 or to a value greater than the length of the dump file, caused it to crash.

    This issue was introduced in MySQL 5.5.18 by the fix for Bug #32228 and Bug #11747416. (Bug #13593869, Bug #64035)

    References: This issue is a regression of: Bug #32228, Bug #11747416.

  • Replication: It was possible on replication slaves where FEDERATED tables were in use to get timeouts on long-running operations, such as Error 1160 Got an error writing communication packets. The FEDERATED tables did not need to be replicated for the issue to occur. (Bug #11758931, Bug #51196)

    References: See also: Bug #12896628, Bug #61790.

  • Replication: On Windows replication slave hosts, STOP SLAVE took an excessive length of time to complete when the master was down. (Bug #11752315, Bug #43460)

  • Microsoft Windows: On Windows, the server incorrectly constructed the full path name of the plugin binary for INSTALL PLUGIN and CREATE FUNCTION ... SONAME. (Bug #45549, Bug #11754014)

  • The shared version of libmysqlclient did not export these functions for linking by client programs: get_tty_password(), handle_options(), my_print_help(). (Bug #13604121)

  • A query that used an index on a CHAR column referenced in a BETWEEN clause could return invalid results. (Bug #13463488, Bug #63437)

  • Expressions that compared a BIGINT column with any non-integer constant were performed using integers rather than decimal or float values, with the result that the constant could be truncated. This could lead to any such comparison that used <, >, <=, >=, =, !=/<>, IN, or BETWEEN yielding false positive or negative results. (Bug #13463415, Bug #11758543, Bug #63502, Bug #50756)

  • When the optimizer performed conversion of DECIMAL values while evaluating range conditions, it could produce incorrect results. (Bug #13453382)

  • When running mysqldump with both the --single-transaction and --flush-logs options, the flushing of the log performed an implicit COMMIT (see Statements That Cause an Implicit Commit), causing more than one transaction to be used and thus breaking consistency. (Bug #12809202, Bug #61854)

  • It was possible in the event of successive failures for mysqld_safe to restart quickly enough to consume excessive amounts of CPU. Now, on systems that support the sleep and date system utilities, mysqld_safe checks to see whether it has restarted more than 5 times in the current second, and if so, waits 1 second before attempting another restart. (Bug #11761530, Bug #54035)

  • When used with the --xml option, mysqldump --routines failed to dump any stored routines, triggers, or events. (Bug #11760384, Bug #52792)

  • If an attempt to initiate a statement failed, the issue could not be reported to the client because it was not prepared to receive any error messages prior to the execution of any statement. Since the user could not execute any queries, they were simply disconnected without providing a clear error.

    After the fix for this issue, the client is prepared for an error as soon as it attempts to initiate a statement, so that the error can be reported prior to disconnecting the user. (Bug #11755281, Bug #47032)

  • The libmysql.dll library was missing several symbols: my_init, mysql_client_find_plugin, mysql_client_register_plugin, mysql_load_plugin, mysql_load_plugin_v, mysql_options4, and mysql_plugin_options. (Bug #69204, Bug #16797982, Bug #62394)

  • Using myisamchk with the sort recover method to repair a table having fixed-width row format could cause the row pointer size to be reduced, effectively resulting in a smaller maximum data file size. (Bug #48848, Bug #11756869)

  • The stored routine cache was subject to a small memory leak that over time or with many routines being used could result in out-of-memory errors.

    The fix for this issue also introduces a new global server system variable stored_program_cache which can be used for controlling the size of the stored routine cache. (Bug #44585, Bug #11753187)

  • Under some circumstances, the result of SUBSTRING_INDEX() incorrectly depended on the contents of the previous row. (Bug #42404, Bug #11751514)