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MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual  /  INFORMATION_SCHEMA Tables  /  The INFORMATION_SCHEMA CHARACTER_SETS Table

24.2 The INFORMATION_SCHEMA CHARACTER_SETS Table

The CHARACTER_SETS table provides information about available character sets. The SHOW Name values in the following table correspond to column names of the SHOW CHARACTER SET statement.

INFORMATION_SCHEMA Name SHOW Name Remarks
CHARACTER_SET_NAME Charset
DEFAULT_COLLATE_NAME Default collation
DESCRIPTION Description MySQL extension
MAXLEN Maxlen MySQL extension

The CHARACTER_SETS table has these columns:

  • CHARACTER_SET_NAME

    The character set name.

  • DEFAULT_COLLATE_NAME

    The default collation for the character set.

  • DESCRIPTION

    A description of the character set.

  • MAXLEN

    The maximum number of bytes required to store one character.

Character set information is also available from the SHOW CHARACTER SET statement. See Section 13.7.6.3, “SHOW CHARACTER SET Syntax”. The following statements are equivalent:

SELECT * FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.CHARACTER_SETS
  [WHERE CHARACTER_SET_NAME LIKE 'wild']

SHOW CHARACTER SET
  [LIKE 'wild']

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