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MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual  /  Errors, Error Codes, and Common Problems  /  Server Error Codes and Messages

B.3 Server Error Codes and Messages

MySQL programs have access to several types of error information when the server returns an error. For example, the mysql client program displays errors using the following format:

shell> SELECT * FROM no_such_table;
ERROR 1146 (42S02): Table 'test.no_such_table' doesn't exist

The message displayed contains three types of information:

  • A numeric error code (1146). This number is MySQL-specific and is not portable to other database systems.

  • A five-character SQLSTATE value ('42S02'). The values are taken from ANSI SQL and ODBC and are more standardized. Not all MySQL error numbers have corresponding SQLSTATE values. In these cases, 'HY000' (general error) is used.

  • A message string that provides a textual description of the error.

For error checking, use error codes, not error messages. Error messages do not change often, but it is possible. Also if the database administrator changes the language setting, that affects the language of error messages.

Error codes are stable across GA releases of a given MySQL series. Before a series reaches GA status, new codes may still be under development and subject to change.

Server error information comes from the following source files. For details about the way that error information is defined, see the MySQL Internals Manual.

  • Error message information is listed in the share/errmsg.txt file. %d and %s represent numbers and strings, respectively, that are substituted into the Message values when they are displayed.

  • The Error values listed in share/errmsg.txt are used to generate the definitions in the include/mysqld_error.h and include/mysqld_ername.h MySQL source files.

  • The SQLSTATE values listed in share/errmsg.txt are used to generate the definitions in the include/sql_state.h MySQL source file.

Because updates are frequent, it is possible that those files will contain additional error information not listed here.

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