It does not matter for the replication process whether the source
table on the master and the replicated table on the slave use
different engine types. In fact, the system variables
table_type are not replicated.
This provides a number of benefits in the replication process in
that you can take advantage of different engine types for
different replication scenarios. For example, in a typical
scale-out scenario (see
Section 16.3.3, “Using Replication for Scale-Out”), you want to use
InnoDB tables on the master to take advantage
of the transactional functionality, but use
MyISAM on the slaves where transaction support
is not required because the data is only read. When using
replication in a data-logging environment you may want to use the
Archive storage engine on the slave.
Configuring different engines on the master and slave depends on how you set up the initial replication process:
If you used mysqldump to create the database snapshot on your master, you could edit the dump file text to change the engine type used on each table.
Another alternative for mysqldump is to disable engine types that you do not want to use on the slave before using the dump to build the data on the slave. For example, you can add the
--skip-innodboption on your slave to disable the
InnoDBengine. If a specific engine does not exist for a table to be created, MySQL will use the default engine type, usually
MyISAM. (This requires that the
NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTIONSQL mode is not enabled.) If you want to disable additional engines in this way, you may want to consider building a special binary to be used on the slave that only supports the engines you want.
If you are using raw data files (a binary backup) to set up the slave, you will be unable to change the initial table format. Instead, use
ALTER TABLEto change the table types after the slave has been started.
For new master/slave replication setups where there are currently no tables on the master, avoid specifying the engine type when creating new tables.
If you are already running a replication solution and want to convert your existing tables to another engine type, follow these steps:
Stop the slave from running replication updates:
This will enable you to change engine types without interruptions.
ALTER TABLE ... ENGINE='for each table to be changed.
Start the slave replication process again:
table_type variables are not
replicated, be aware that
statements that include the engine specification will be correctly
replicated to the slave. For example, if you have a CSV table and
ALTER TABLE csvtable Engine='MyISAM';
The above statement will be replicated to the slave and the engine
type on the slave will be converted to
even if you have previously changed the table type on the slave to
an engine other than CSV. If you want to retain engine differences
on the master and slave, you should be careful to use the
storage_engine variable on the
master when creating a new table. For example, instead of:
CREATE TABLE tablea (columna int) Engine=MyISAM;
Use this format:
CREATE TABLE tablea (columna int);