The following sections contain information about mysqld options and server variables that are used in replication and for controlling the binary log. Options and variables for use on replication source servers and replicas are covered separately, as are options and variables relating to binary logging. A set of quick-reference tables providing basic information about these options and variables is also included.
Of particular importance is the
server_id system variable.
This variable specifies the server ID.
On a replication source server and each replica, you
server_id to establish a unique
replication ID in the range from 1 to 232
− 1. “Unique”, means that each ID must be
different from every other ID in use by any other replication source
server or replica. For additional information, see
Section 2.4.2, “Replication Source Options and Variables”, and
Section 2.4.3, “Replica Server Options and Variables”.
If you do not specify
the default server ID is 0. If the server ID is set to 0, binary
logging takes place, but a source with a server ID of 0 refuses any
connections from replicas, and a replica with a server ID of 0
refuses to connect to a source. Note that although you can change
the server ID dynamically to a nonzero value, doing so does not
enable replication to start immediately. You must change the server
ID and then restart the server to initialize the replica.
In MySQL 5.6, whether the server ID is set to 0
explicitly or the default is allowed to be used, the server sets the
server_id system variable to 1; this is a known
issue that is fixed in MySQL 5.7.
For more information, see Section 2.1.2, “Setting the Replica Configuration”.
When starting, the MySQL server automatically obtains a UUID as follows:
auto.cnf file has a format similar to that
files. In MySQL 5.6,
only a single
[auto] section containing a single
server_uuid setting and value; the
file's contents appear similar to what is shown here:
auto.cnf file is automatically generated;
do not attempt to write or modify this file.
Also beginning with MySQL 5.6, when using MySQL replication, sources
and replicas know one another's UUIDs. The value of a
replica's UUID can be seen in the output of
SHOW SLAVE HOSTS. Once
START SLAVE has been executed (but
not before), the value of the source's UUID is available on the
replica in the output of
server_uuid is also used in GTIDs
for transactions originating on that server. For more information,
see Section 2.3, “Replication with Global Transaction Identifiers”.
When starting, the replication I/O thread generates an error and
aborts if its source's UUID is equal to its own unless the
--replicate-same-server-id option has
been set. In addition, the replication I/O thread generates a
warning if either of the following is true: