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MySQL Enterprise Backup 3.11 User's Guide  /  ...  /  Grant MySQL Privileges to Backup Administrator

3.1.2 Grant MySQL Privileges to Backup Administrator

For most backup operations, the mysqlbackup command connects to the MySQL server through --user and --password options. This user requires certain privileges. You can either create a new user with a minimal set of privileges, or use an administrative account such as the root user.

The minimum privileges for the MySQL user that mysqlbackup connects are:

  • RELOAD on all databases and tables.

  • CREATE, INSERT, DROP, and UPDATE on the tables mysql.backup_progress and mysql.backup_history, and also SELECT on mysql.backup_history.

  • SUPER, to enable and disable logging, and to optimize locking in order to minimize disruption to database processing.

  • REPLICATION CLIENT, to retrieve the binlog position, which is stored with the backup.

To set these privileges for a MySQL user (mysqlbackup in this example) connecting from localhost, issue statements like the following from the mysql client program:

GRANT RELOAD ON *.* TO 'mysqlbackup'@'localhost';
GRANT CREATE, INSERT, DROP, UPDATE ON mysql.backup_progress TO 'mysqlbackup'@'localhost';
GRANT CREATE, INSERT, SELECT, DROP, UPDATE ON mysql.backup_history TO 'mysqlbackup'@'localhost';
GRANT REPLICATION CLIENT ON *.* TO 'mysqlbackup'@'localhost';
GRANT SUPER ON *.* TO 'mysqlbackup'@'localhost';

The following additional privileges are required for using transportable tablespaces (TTS) to back up and restore InnoDB tables:

  • LOCK TABLES and SELECT for backing up tables

  • CREATE and ALTER for restoring tables

To set these privileges, issue a statement like the following from the mysql client program:

GRANT LOCK TABLES, SELECT, CREATE, ALTER ON *.* TO 'mysqlbackup'@'localhost';