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7.2.3 Choosing an API

Copyright 1997-2021 the PHP Documentation Group.

PHP offers different APIs to connect to MySQL. Below we show the APIs provided by the mysqli and PDO extensions. Each code snippet creates a connection to a MySQL server running on "example.com" using the username "user" and the password "password". And a query is run to greet the user.

Example 7.1 Comparing the MySQL APIs

<?php
// mysqli
$mysqli = new mysqli("example.com", "user", "password", "database");
$result = $mysqli->query("SELECT 'Hello, dear MySQL user!' AS _message FROM DUAL");
$row = $result->fetch_assoc();
echo htmlentities($row['_message']);
// PDO
$pdo = new PDO('mysql:host=example.com;dbname=database', 'user', 'password');
$statement = $pdo->query("SELECT 'Hello, dear MySQL user!' AS _message FROM DUAL");
$row = $statement->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
echo htmlentities($row['_message']);


Feature comparison

The overall performance of both extensions is considered to be about the same. Although the performance of the extension contributes only a fraction of the total run time of a PHP web request. Often, the impact is as low as 0.1%.

 ext/mysqliPDO_MySQL
PHP version introduced5.05.1
Included with PHP 7.x and 8.xYesYes
Development statusActiveActive
LifecycleActiveActive
Recommended for new projectsYesYes
OOP InterfaceYesYes
Procedural InterfaceYesNo
API supports non-blocking, asynchronous queries with mysqlndYesNo
Persistent ConnectionsYesYes
API supports CharsetsYesYes
API supports server-side Prepared StatementsYesYes
API supports client-side Prepared StatementsNoYes
API supports Stored ProceduresYesYes
API supports Multiple StatementsYesMost
API supports TransactionsYesYes
Transactions can be controlled with SQLYesYes
Supports all MySQL 5.1+ functionalityYesMost