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MySQL Connector/J 8.0 Developer Guide  /  Using Logging Frameworks with SLF4J

Chapter 11 Using Logging Frameworks with SLF4J

Besides its default logger com.mysql.cj.log.StandardLogger, which logs to stderr, Connector/J supports the SLF4J logging facade, allowing end users of applications using Connector/J to plug in logging frameworks of their own choices at deployment time. Popular logging frameworks such as java.util.logging, logback, and log4j are supported by SLF4J. Follow these requirements to use a logging framework with SLF4J and Connector/J:

  • In the development environment:

    • Install on your system slf4j-api-x.y.z.jar (available at https://www.slf4j.org/download.html) and add it to the Java classpath.

    • In the code of your application, obtain an SLF4JLogger as a Log instantiated within a MysqlConnection Session, and then use the Log instance for your logging.

  • On the deployment system:

    • Install on your system slf4j-api-x.y.z.jar and add it to the Java classpath

    • Install on your system the SLF4J binding for the logging framework of your choice and add it to your Java classpath. SLF4J bindings are available at, for example, https://www.slf4j.org/manual.html#swapping.

      Note

      Do not put more than one SLF4J binding in you Java classpath. Switch from one logging framework to another by removing a binding and adding a new one to the classpath.

    • Install the logging framework of your choice on your system and add it to the Java classpath.

    • Configure the logging framework of your choice. This often consists of setting up appenders or handlers for log messages using a configuration file; see your logging framework's documentation for details.

    • When connecting the application to the MySQL Server, set the Connector/J connection property logger to Slf4JLogger.

The log category name used by Connector/J with SLF4J is MySQL. See the SLF4J user manual for more details about using SLF4J, including discussions on Maven dependency and bindings. Here is a sample code for using SLF4J with Connector/J:

import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import com.mysql.cj.jdbc.JdbcConnection;
import com.mysql.cj.log.Log;

public class JDBCDemo {
 
  public static void main(String[] args) {
 
    Connection conn = null;
    Statement statement = null;
    ResultSet resultSet = null;
    Log logger = null;
 
  try {
     // Database parameters
     String url = "jdbc:mysql://myexample.com:3306/pets?logger=Slf4JLogger&explainSlowQueries=true";
     String user = "user";
     String password = "password";
     // create a connection to the database
     conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, password);
     logger = ((JdbcConnection)conn).getSession().getLog();
  }
  catch (SQLException e) {
     System.err.println(e.getMessage());
     System.exit(1);
   }

  try {
     statement = conn.createStatement();
     resultSet = statement.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM pets.dogs");
     while(resultSet.next()){
       System.out.printf("%d\t%s\t%s\t %4$ty.%4$tm.%4$td \n",
       resultSet.getInt(1),
       resultSet.getString(2),
       resultSet.getString(3),
       resultSet.getDate(4));
     }
  } 
  catch(SQLException e) {
     logger.logWarn("Warning: Select failed!");
  } 

}

}

If you want to use, for example, Log4j 1.2.17 as your logging framework when running this program, use its binding to SLF4J: put slf4j-api-1.7.28.jar (SLF4J API module), slf4j-log4j12-1.7.28.jar (SLF4J's binding for Log4J 1.2), and log4j-1.2.17.jar (Log4J library) in your Java classpath.

Here is output of the program when the SELECT statement failed:

[2019-09-05 12:06:19,624] WARN     0[main] - WARN MySQL - Warning: Select failed!