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MySQL PHP API  /  ...  /  mysqli::autocommit, mysqli_autocommit

3.9.2 mysqli::autocommit, mysqli_autocommit

Copyright 1997-2020 the PHP Documentation Group.

  • mysqli::autocommit

    mysqli_autocommit

    Turns on or off auto-committing database modifications

Description

Object oriented style

public bool mysqli::autocommit(bool mode);

Procedural style

bool mysqli_autocommit(mysqli link,
                       bool mode);

Turns on or off auto-commit mode on queries for the database connection.

To determine the current state of autocommit use the SQL command SELECT @@autocommit.

Parameters

link

Procedural style only: A link identifier returned by mysqli_connect or mysqli_init

mode

Whether to turn on auto-commit or not.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Notes

Note

This function does not work with non transactional table types (like MyISAM or ISAM).

Examples

Example 3.32 mysqli::autocommit example

Object oriented style

<?php

/* Tell mysqli to throw an exception if an error occurs */
mysqli_report(MYSQLI_REPORT_ERROR | MYSQLI_REPORT_STRICT);

$mysqli = new mysqli("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* The table engine has to support transactions */
$mysqli->query("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS language (
    Code text NOT NULL,
    Speakers int(11) NOT NULL
    ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;");

/* Turn autocommit off */
$mysqli->autocommit(false);

$result = $mysqli->query("SELECT @@autocommit");
$row = $result->fetch_row();
printf("Autocommit is %s\n", $row[0]);

try {
    /* Prepare insert statement */
    $stmt = $mysqli->prepare('INSERT INTO language(Code, Speakers) VALUES (?,?)');
    $stmt->bind_param('ss', $language_code, $native_speakers);

    /* Insert some values */
    $language_code = 'DE';
    $native_speakers = 50_123_456;
    $stmt->execute();
    $language_code = 'FR';
    $native_speakers = 40_546_321;
    $stmt->execute();

    /* Commit the data in the database. This doesn't set autocommit=true */
    $mysqli->commit();
    print "Committed 2 rows in the database\n";

    $result = $mysqli->query("SELECT @@autocommit");
    $row = $result->fetch_row();
    printf("Autocommit is %s\n", $row[0]);

    /* Try to insert more values */
    $language_code = 'PL';
    $native_speakers = 30_555_444;
    $stmt->execute();
    $language_code = 'DK';
    $native_speakers = 5_222_444;
    $stmt->execute();

    /* Setting autocommit=true will trigger a commit */
    $mysqli->autocommit(true);

    print "Committed 2 row in the database\n";
} catch (mysqli_sql_exception $exception) {
    $mysqli->rollback();

    throw $exception;
}

Procedural style

<?php

/* Tell mysqli to throw an exception if an error occurs */
mysqli_report(MYSQLI_REPORT_ERROR | MYSQLI_REPORT_STRICT);

$mysqli = mysqli_connect("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* The table engine has to support transactions */
mysqli_query($mysqli, "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS language (
    Code text NOT NULL,
    Speakers int(11) NOT NULL
    ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;");

/* Turn autocommit off */
mysqli_autocommit($mysqli, false);

$result = mysqli_query($mysqli, "SELECT @@autocommit");
$row = mysqli_fetch_row($result);
printf("Autocommit is %s\n", $row[0]);

try {
    /* Prepare insert statement */
    $stmt = mysqli_prepare($mysqli, 'INSERT INTO language(Code, Speakers) VALUES (?,?)');
    mysqli_stmt_bind_param($stmt, 'ss', $language_code, $native_speakers);

    /* Insert some values */
    $language_code = 'DE';
    $native_speakers = 50_123_456;
    mysqli_stmt_execute($stmt);
    $language_code = 'FR';
    $native_speakers = 40_546_321;
    mysqli_stmt_execute($stmt);

    /* Commit the data in the database. This doesn't set autocommit=true */
    mysqli_commit($mysqli);
    print "Committed 2 rows in the database\n";

    $result = mysqli_query($mysqli, "SELECT @@autocommit");
    $row = mysqli_fetch_row($result);
    printf("Autocommit is %s\n", $row[0]);

    /* Try to insert more values */
    $language_code = 'PL';
    $native_speakers = 30_555_444;
    mysqli_stmt_execute($stmt);
    $language_code = 'DK';
    $native_speakers = 5_222_444;
    mysqli_stmt_execute($stmt);

    /* Setting autocommit=true will trigger a commit */
    mysqli_autocommit($mysqli, true);

    print "Committed 2 row in the database\n";
} catch (mysqli_sql_exception $exception) {
    mysqli_rollback($mysqli);

    throw $exception;
}

The above examples will output:

Autocommit is 0
Committed 2 rows in the database
Autocommit is 0
Committed 2 row in the database
Autocommit is 0
Committed 2 rows in the database
Autocommit is 0
Committed 2 row in the database


See Also

mysqli_begin_transaction
mysqli_commit
mysqli_rollback