/* Standard C++ headers */ #include #include #include #include #include /* MySQL Connector/C++ specific headers */ #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #include #define DBHOST "tcp://127.0.0.1:3306" #define USER "root" #define PASSWORD "admin" #define DATABASE "test" #define NUMOFFSET 100 #define COLNAME 200 using namespace std; using namespace sql; static void retrieve_data_and_print (ResultSet *rs, int type, int colidx, string colname) { /* retrieve the row count in the result set */ cout << "\nRetrieved " << rs -> rowsCount() << " row(s)." << endl; cout << "\nCityName" << endl; cout << "--------" << endl; /* fetch the data : retrieve all the rows in the result set */ while (rs->next()) { if (type == NUMOFFSET) { cout << rs -> getString(colidx) << endl; } else if (type == COLNAME) { cout << rs -> getString(colname) << endl; } // if-else } // while cout << endl; } // retrieve_data_and_print() static void retrieve_dbmetadata_and_print (Connection *dbcon) { if (dbcon -> isClosed()) { throw runtime_error("DatabaseMetaData FAILURE - database connection closed"); } cout << "\nDatabase Metadata" << endl; cout << "-----------------" << endl; cout << boolalpha; /* The following commented statement won't work with Connector/C++ 1.0.5 and later */ //auto_ptr < DatabaseMetaData > dbcon_meta (dbcon -> getMetaData()); DatabaseMetaData *dbcon_meta = dbcon -> getMetaData(); cout << "Database Product Name: " << dbcon_meta -> getDatabaseProductName() << endl; cout << "Database Product Version: " << dbcon_meta -> getDatabaseProductVersion() << endl; cout << "Database User Name: " << dbcon_meta -> getUserName() << endl << endl; cout << "Driver name: " << dbcon_meta -> getDriverName() << endl; cout << "Driver version: " << dbcon_meta -> getDriverVersion() << endl << endl; cout << "Database in Read-Only Mode?: " << dbcon_meta -> isReadOnly() << endl; cout << "Supports Transactions?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsTransactions() << endl; cout << "Supports DML Transactions only?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsDataManipulationTransactionsOnly() << endl; cout << "Supports Batch Updates?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsBatchUpdates() << endl; cout << "Supports Outer Joins?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsOuterJoins() << endl; cout << "Supports Multiple Transactions?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsMultipleTransactions() << endl; cout << "Supports Named Parameters?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsNamedParameters() << endl; cout << "Supports Statement Pooling?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsStatementPooling() << endl; cout << "Supports Stored Procedures?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsStoredProcedures() << endl; cout << "Supports Union?: " << dbcon_meta -> supportsUnion() << endl << endl; cout << "Maximum Connections: " << dbcon_meta -> getMaxConnections() << endl; cout << "Maximum Columns per Table: " << dbcon_meta -> getMaxColumnsInTable() << endl; cout << "Maximum Columns per Index: " << dbcon_meta -> getMaxColumnsInIndex() << endl; cout << "Maximum Row Size per Table: " << dbcon_meta -> getMaxRowSize() << " bytes" << endl; cout << "\nDatabase schemas: " << endl; auto_ptr < ResultSet > rs ( dbcon_meta -> getSchemas()); cout << "\nTotal number of schemas = " << rs -> rowsCount() << endl; cout << endl; int row = 1; while (rs -> next()) { cout << "\t" << row << ". " << rs -> getString("TABLE_SCHEM") << endl; ++row; } // while cout << endl << endl; } // retrieve_dbmetadata_and_print() static void retrieve_rsmetadata_and_print (ResultSet *rs) { if (rs -> rowsCount() == 0) { throw runtime_error("ResultSetMetaData FAILURE - no records in the result set"); } cout << "ResultSet Metadata" << endl; cout << "------------------" << endl; /* The following commented statement won't work with Connector/C++ 1.0.5 and later */ //auto_ptr < ResultSetMetaData > res_meta ( rs -> getMetaData() ); ResultSetMetaData *res_meta = rs -> getMetaData(); int numcols = res_meta -> getColumnCount(); cout << "\nNumber of columns in the result set = " << numcols << endl << endl; cout.width(20); cout << "Column Name/Label"; cout.width(20); cout << "Column Type"; cout.width(20); cout << "Column Size" << endl; for (int i = 0; i < numcols; ++i) { cout.width(20); cout << res_meta -> getColumnLabel (i+1); cout.width(20); cout << res_meta -> getColumnTypeName (i+1); cout.width(20); cout << res_meta -> getColumnDisplaySize (i+1) << endl << endl; } cout << "\nColumn \"" << res_meta -> getColumnLabel(1); cout << "\" belongs to the Table: \"" << res_meta -> getTableName(1); cout << "\" which belongs to the Schema: \"" << res_meta -> getSchemaName(1) << "\"" << endl << endl; } // retrieve_rsmetadata_and_print() int main(int argc, const char *argv[]) { Driver *driver; Connection *con; Statement *stmt; ResultSet *res; PreparedStatement *prep_stmt; Savepoint *savept; int updatecount = 0; /* initiate url, user, password and database variables */ string url(argc >= 2 ? argv[1] : DBHOST); const string user(argc >= 3 ? argv[2] : USER); const string password(argc >= 4 ? argv[3] : PASSWORD); const string database(argc >= 5 ? argv[4] : DATABASE); try { driver = get_driver_instance(); /* create a database connection using the Driver */ con = driver -> connect(url, user, password); /* alternate syntax using auto_ptr to create the db connection */ //auto_ptr con (driver -> connect(url, user, password)); /* turn off the autocommit */ con -> setAutoCommit(0); cout << "\nDatabase connection\'s autocommit mode = " << con -> getAutoCommit() << endl; /* select appropriate database schema */ con -> setSchema(database); /* retrieve and display the database metadata */ retrieve_dbmetadata_and_print (con); /* create a statement object */ stmt = con -> createStatement(); cout << "Executing the Query: \"SELECT * FROM City\" .." << endl; /* run a query which returns exactly one result set */ res = stmt -> executeQuery ("SELECT * FROM City"); cout << "Retrieving the result set .." << endl; /* retrieve the data from the result set and display on stdout */ retrieve_data_and_print (res, NUMOFFSET, 1, string("CityName")); /* retrieve and display the result set metadata */ retrieve_rsmetadata_and_print (res); cout << "Demonstrating Prepared Statements .. " << endl << endl; /* insert couple of rows of data into City table using Prepared Statements */ prep_stmt = con -> prepareStatement ("INSERT INTO City (CityName) VALUES (?)"); cout << "\tInserting \"London, UK\" into the table, City .." << endl; prep_stmt -> setString (1, "London, UK"); updatecount = prep_stmt -> executeUpdate(); cout << "\tCreating a save point \"SAVEPT1\" .." << endl; savept = con -> setSavepoint ("SAVEPT1"); cout << "\tInserting \"Paris, France\" into the table, City .." << endl; prep_stmt -> setString (1, "Paris, France"); updatecount = prep_stmt -> executeUpdate(); cout << "\tRolling back until the last save point \"SAVEPT1\" .." << endl; con -> rollback (savept); con -> releaseSavepoint (savept); cout << "\tCommitting outstanding updates to the database .." << endl; con -> commit(); cout << "\nQuerying the City table again .." << endl; /* re-use result set object */ res = NULL; res = stmt -> executeQuery ("SELECT * FROM City"); /* retrieve the data from the result set and display on stdout */ retrieve_data_and_print (res, COLNAME, 1, string ("CityName")); cout << "Cleaning up the resources .." << endl; /* Clean up */ delete res; delete stmt; delete prep_stmt; con -> close(); delete con; } catch (SQLException &e) { cout << "ERROR: SQLException in " << __FILE__; cout << " (" << __func__<< ") on line " << __LINE__ << endl; cout << "ERROR: " << e.what(); cout << " (MySQL error code: " << e.getErrorCode(); cout << ", SQLState: " << e.getSQLState() << ")" << endl; if (e.getErrorCode() == 1047) { /* Error: 1047 SQLSTATE: 08S01 (ER_UNKNOWN_COM_ERROR) Message: Unknown command */ cout << "\nYour server does not seem to support Prepared Statements at all. "; cout << "Perhaps MYSQL < 4.1?" << endl; } return EXIT_FAILURE; } catch (std::runtime_error &e) { cout << "ERROR: runtime_error in " << __FILE__; cout << " (" << __func__ << ") on line " << __LINE__ << endl; cout << "ERROR: " << e.what() << endl; return EXIT_FAILURE; } return EXIT_SUCCESS; } // main()