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MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual
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MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual  /  ...  /  Spatial Data Types

12.5.1 Spatial Data Types

MySQL has data types that correspond to OpenGIS classes. Some of these types hold single geometry values:

  • GEOMETRY

  • POINT

  • LINESTRING

  • POLYGON

GEOMETRY can store geometry values of any type. The other single-value types (POINT, LINESTRING, and POLYGON) restrict their values to a particular geometry type.

The other data types hold collections of values:

  • MULTIPOINT

  • MULTILINESTRING

  • MULTIPOLYGON

  • GEOMETRYCOLLECTION

GEOMETRYCOLLECTION can store a collection of objects of any type. The other collection types (MULTIPOINT, MULTILINESTRING, MULTIPOLYGON, and GEOMETRYCOLLECTION) restrict collection members to those having a particular geometry type.

MySQL spatial data types have their basis in the OpenGIS geometry model, described in Section 12.5.2, “The OpenGIS Geometry Model”. For examples showing how to use spatial data types in MySQL, see Section 12.5.3, “Using Spatial Data”.


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