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MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual
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Excerpts from this Manual

5.7.1.1 Connection Probes

The connection-start and connection-done probes enclose a connection from a client, regardless of whether the connection is through a socket or network connection.

connection-start(connectionid, user, host)
connection-done(status, connectionid)
  • connection-start: Triggered after a connection and successful login/authentication have been completed by a client. The arguments contain the connection information:

    • connectionid: An unsigned long containing the connection ID. This is the same as the process ID shown as the Id value in the output from SHOW PROCESSLIST.

    • user: The username used when authenticating. The value will be blank for the anonymous user.

    • host: The host of the client connection. For a connection made using UNIX sockets, the value will be blank.

  • connection-done: Triggered just as the connection to the client has been closed. The arguments are:

    • status: The status of the connection when it was closed. A logout operation will have a value of 0; any other termination of the connection has a nonzero value.

    • connectionid: The connection ID of the connection that was closed.

The following D script will quantify and summarize the average duration of individual connections, and provide a count, dumping the information every 60 seconds:

#!/usr/sbin/dtrace -s


mysql*:::connection-start
{
  self->start = timestamp;
}

mysql*:::connection-done
/self->start/
{
  @ = quantize(((timestamp - self->start)/1000000));
  self->start = 0;
}

tick-60s
{
  printa(@);
}

When executed on a server with a large number of clients you might see output similar to this:

  1  57413                        :tick-60s

           value  ------------- Distribution ------------- count
              -1 |                                         0
               0 |@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ 30011
               1 |                                         59
               2 |                                         5
               4 |                                         20
               8 |                                         29
              16 |                                         18
              32 |                                         27
              64 |                                         30
             128 |                                         11
             256 |                                         10
             512 |                                         1
            1024 |                                         6
            2048 |                                         8
            4096 |                                         9
            8192 |                                         8
           16384 |                                         2
           32768 |                                         1
           65536 |                                         1
          131072 |                                         0
          262144 |                                         1
524288 |                                         0        

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