Search operations in non-spatial databases can be optimized using indexes. This is true for spatial databases as well. With the help of a great variety of multi-dimensional indexing methods that have previously been designed, it is possible to optimize spatial searches. The most typical of these are:
Point queries that search for all objects that contain a given point
Region queries that search for all objects that overlap a given region
MySQL uses R-Trees with quadratic splitting to index spatial columns. A spatial index is built using the MBR of a geometry. For most geometries, the MBR is a minimum rectangle that surrounds the geometries. For a horizontal or a vertical linestring, the MBR is a rectangle degenerated into the linestring. For a point, the MBR is a rectangle degenerated into the point.
It is also possible to create normal indexes on spatial columns.
You are required to declare a prefix for any (non-spatial) index
on a spatial column except for