The Well-Known Binary (WKB) representation for geometric values is defined by the OpenGIS specification. It is also defined in the ISO SQL/MM Part 3: Spatial standard.
WKB is used to exchange geometry data as binary streams
containing geometric WKB information.
WKB uses one-byte unsigned integers, four-byte unsigned integers, and eight-byte double-precision numbers (IEEE 754 format). A byte is eight bits.
For example, a WKB value that corresponds to
1) consists of this sequence of 21 bytes (each
represented here by two hex digits):
The sequence may be broken down into these components:
Byte order : 01 WKB type : 01000000 X : 000000000000F03F Y : 000000000000F03F
Component representation is as follows:
The byte order may be either 1 or 0 to indicate little-endian or big-endian storage. The little-endian and big-endian byte orders are also known as Network Data Representation (NDR) and External Data Representation (XDR), respectively.
The WKB type is a code that indicates the geometry type.
Values from 1 through 7 indicate
Point value has X and Y coordinates,
each represented as a double-precision value.
WKB values for more complex geometry values are represented by more complex data structures, as detailed in the OpenGIS specification.