There are two ways to add new functions to MySQL:
You can add functions through the user-defined function (UDF)
interface. User-defined functions are compiled as object files
and then added to and removed from the server dynamically
CREATE FUNCTION and
DROP FUNCTION statements. See
Section 22.214.171.124, “CREATE FUNCTION Syntax for User-Defined Functions”.
You can add functions as native (built-in) MySQL functions. Native functions are compiled into the mysqld server and become available on a permanent basis.
Each method of creating compiled functions has advantages and disadvantages:
If you write user-defined functions, you must install object files in addition to the server itself. If you compile your function into the server, you don't need to do that.
Native functions require you to modify a source distribution. UDFs do not. You can add UDFs to a binary MySQL distribution. No access to MySQL source is necessary.
If you upgrade your MySQL distribution, you can continue to
use your previously installed UDFs, unless you upgrade to a
newer version for which the UDF interface changes. (An
incompatible change occurred in MySQL 4.1.1 for aggregate
functions. A function named
must be defined rather than
For native functions, you must repeat your modifications each
time you upgrade.
See Section 8.2.3, “Function Name Parsing and Resolution”, for the rules describing how the server interprets references to different kinds of functions.
The following sections describe features of the UDF interface, provide instructions for writing UDFs, discuss security precautions that MySQL takes to prevent UDF misuse, and describe how to add native MySQL functions.
For example source code that illustrates how to write UDFs, take a
look at the
sql/udf_example.cc file that is
provided in MySQL source distributions.