These instructions describe how to build binaries from source for MySQL 5.1 on Windows. Instructions are provided for building binaries from a standard source distribution or from the Bazaar tree that contains the latest development source.
The instructions here are strictly for users who want to test MySQL on Microsoft Windows from the latest source distribution or from the Bazaar tree. For production use, we do not advise using a MySQL server built by yourself from source. Normally, it is best to use precompiled binary distributions of MySQL that are built specifically for optimal performance on Windows by Oracle Corporation. Instructions for installing binary distributions are available in Installing MySQL on Microsoft Windows.
To build MySQL on Windows from source, you must satisfy the following system, compiler, and resource requirements:
Windows 2000, Windows XP, or newer version.
Windows Vista is supported when using Visual Studio 2005 provided you have installed the following updates:
CMake, which can be downloaded from http://www.cmake.org. After installing, modify your
PATHenvironment variable to include the directory where
Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition, Visual Studio .Net 2003 (7.1), or Visual Studio 2005 (8.0) compiler system.
If you are using Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition, you must also install an appropriate Platform SDK. More information and links to downloads for various Windows platforms is available from http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=0baf2b35-c656-4969-ace8-e4c0c0716adb.
If you are compiling from a Bazaar tree or making changes to the parser, you need
bisonfor Windows, which can be downloaded from http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/bison.htm. Download the package labeled “Complete package, excluding sources”. After installing the package, modify your
PATHenvironment variable to include the directory where bison is located.Note
On Windows, the default location for bison is the
C:\Program Files\GnuWin32directory. Some utilities, including m4, may fail to find bison because of the space in the directory name. You can resolve this by installing into a directory that does not contain a space; for example
Cygwin might be necessary if you want to run the test script or package the compiled binaries and support files into a Zip archive. (Cygwin is needed only to test or package the distribution, not to build it.) Cygwin is available from http://cygwin.com.
3GB to 5GB of disk space.
You also need a MySQL source distribution for Windows, which can be obtained two ways:
Obtain a source distribution packaged by Oracle Corporation. These are available from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/.
Package a source distribution yourself from the latest Bazaar developer source tree. For instructions on pulling the latest source files, see Chapter 3, Installing MySQL Using a Development Source Tree.
If you find something not working as expected, or you have
suggestions about ways to improve the current build process on
Windows, please send a message to the
mailing list. See MySQL Mailing Lists.
To compile from the source code on Windows you must use the
standard source distribution (for example,
mysql-5.1.73.tar.gz). You build
from the same distribution as used to build MySQL on Unix, Linux
and other platforms. Do not use the Windows
Source distributions as they do not contain the necessary
configuration script and other files.
Follow this procedure to build MySQL:
If you are installing from a packaged source distribution, create a work directory (for example,
C:\workdir), and unpack the source distribution there using WinZip or another Windows tool that can read
.zipfiles. This directory is the work directory in the following instructions.Note
Commands that are located in the
windirectory should be executed from the top-level source directory. Do not change location into the
windirectory, as the commands will not execute correctly.
Start a command shell. If you have not configured the
PATHand other environment variables for all command shells, you may be able to start a command shell from the Start Menu within the Windows Visual Studio menu that contains the necessary environment changes.
Within the command shell, navigate to the work directory and run the following command:
If you have associated the
.jsfile extension with an application such as a text editor, then you may need to use the following command to force
configure.jsto be executed as a script:
These options are available for
WITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE: Enable the
WITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE: Enable user-defined partitioning.
WITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE: Enable the
WITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE: Enable the
WITH_EXAMPLE_STORAGE_ENGINE: Enable the
WITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE: Enable the
WITH_NDBCLUSTER_STORAGE_ENGINE: Enable the
NDBCLUSTERstorage engine in the MySQL server; cause binaries for the MySQL Cluster management and data node, management client, and other programs to be built.
This option is supported only in MySQL Cluster NDB 7.0 and later (
NDBCLUSTERstorage engine versions 6.4.0 and later) using the MySQL Cluster sources. It cannot be used to enable clustering support in other MySQL source trees or distributions.
MYSQL_SERVER_SUFFIX=: Server suffix, default none.
COMPILATION_COMMENT=: Server comment, default "Source distribution".
MYSQL_TCP_PORT=: Server port, default 3306.
For example (type the command on one line):
From the work directory, execute the
win\build-vs9.bat(Windows Visual Studio 2008),
win\build-vs8.bat(Windows Visual Studio 2005), or
win\build-vs71.bat(Windows Visual Studio 2003) script, depending on the version of Visual Studio you have installed. The script invokes CMake, which generates the
You can also use the corresponding 64-bit file (for example
win\build-vs9_x64.bat) to build the 64-bit version of MySQL. However, you cannot build the 64-bit version with Visual Studio Express Edition. You must use Visual Studio 2005 (8.0) or higher.
From the work directory, open the generated
mysql.slnfile with Visual Studio and select the proper configuration using the menu. The menu provides , , , options. Then select > to build the solution.
Remember the configuration that you use in this step. It is important later when you run the test script because that script needs to know which configuration you used.
Test the server. The server built using the preceding instructions expects that the MySQL base directory and data directory are
C:\mysql\databy default. If you want to test your server using the source tree root directory and its data directory as the base directory and data directory, you need to tell the server their path names. You can either do this on the command line with the
--datadiroptions, or by placing appropriate options in an option file. (See Using Option Files.) If you have an existing data directory elsewhere that you want to use, you can specify its path name instead.
When the server is running in standalone fashion or as a service based on your configuration, try to connect to it from the mysql interactive command-line utility.
You can also run the standard test script, mysql-test-run.pl. This script is written in Perl, so you'll need either Cygwin or ActiveState Perl to run it. You may also need to install the modules required by the script. To run the test script, change location into the
mysql-testdirectory under the work directory, set the
MTR_VS_CONFIGenvironment variable to the configuration you selected earlier (or use the
--vs-configoption), and invoke mysql-test-run.pl. For example (using Cygwin and the bash shell):
./mysql-test-run.pl --force --timershell>
./mysql-test-run.pl --force --timer --ps-protocol
When you are satisfied that the programs you have built are
working correctly, stop the server. Now you can install the
distribution. One way to do this is to use the
make_win_bin_dist script in the
scripts directory of the MySQL source
distribution (see make_win_bin_dist — Package MySQL Distribution as Zip Archive). This is a
shell script, so you must have Cygwin installed if you want to use
it. It creates a Zip archive of the built executables and support
files that you can unpack in the location at which you want to
It is also possible to install MySQL by copying directories and files directly:
Create the directories where you want to install MySQL. For example, to install into
C:\mysql, use these commands:
If you want to compile other clients and link them to MySQL, you should also create several additional directories:
If you want to benchmark MySQL, create this directory:
Benchmarking requires Perl support for MySQL. See Perl Installation Notes.
From the work directory, copy into the
C:\mysqldirectory the following files and directories:
copy client\Release\*.exe C:\mysql\binC:\workdir>
copy sql\Release\mysqld.exe C:\mysql\bin\mysqld.exeC:\workdir>
xcopy scripts\*.* C:\mysql\scripts /EC:\workdir>
xcopy share\*.* C:\mysql\share /E
If you want to compile other clients and link them to MySQL, you should also copy several libraries and header files:
copy lib\Release\mysqlclient.lib C:\mysql\lib\debugC:\workdir>
copy lib\Release\libmysql.* C:\mysql\lib\debugC:\workdir>
copy lib\Release\zlib.* C:\mysql\lib\debugC:\workdir>
copy lib\Release\mysqlclient.lib C:\mysql\lib\optC:\workdir>
copy lib\Release\libmysql.* C:\mysql\lib\optC:\workdir>
copy lib\Release\zlib.* C:\mysql\lib\optC:\workdir>
copy include\*.h C:\mysql\includeC:\workdir>
copy libmysql\libmysql.def C:\mysql\includeNote
If you have compiled a Debug solution, rather than a Release solution, install it by replacing
Debugin the source file names just shown.
If you want to benchmark MySQL, you should also do this:
xcopy sql-bench\*.* C:\mysql\bench /E
After installation, set up and start the server in the same way as for binary Windows distributions. This includes creating the system tables by running mysql_install_db. For more information, see Installing MySQL on Microsoft Windows.